The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Army of The Shenandoah

The complete Orders of Battle for the Army of the Shenandoah commanded by General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army.

General J E Johnston was assigned to command the Armies of the Potomac and Shenandoah on 21 July, 1861

General J E Johnston commanding the Armies of the Potomac and Shenandoah on 21 July, 1861

Quartermaster General J E Johnston, United States Army, resigned at Washington, D. C., on 22 April, 1861, and proceeded by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 23 April, 1861. He arrived by the Virginia Central Railroad at Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 25 April, 1861, and was appointed major general, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 26 April, 1861. Major General J E Johnston, Provisional Army of Virginia, was appointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, at Montgomery, Montgomery, County, Alabama, on 14 May, 1861, and was assigned to command Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 15 May, 1861.

Brigadier General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, arrived at Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, on 22 May, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, the same day. He was accompanied by Lieutenant Colonel E K Smith, cavalry, Confederate States Army, and Major W H C Whiting, corps engineers, Confederate States Army, and arrived by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 1 PM on 23 May, 1861.

The Army of the Shenandoah was organised at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861, and Brigadier General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, was appointed general, Confederate States Army, on 13 August, 1861, dated 4 July, 1861.

General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, was assigned to command the Armies of the Potomac and Shenandoah at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 20 July, 1861, and was stationed at the Lewis House, Portici, on 21 July, 1861.

Evacuation of Harpers Ferry, 15 June, 1861

Brigadier General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, evacuated Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the morning on 15 June, 1861, and arrived by the Valley Turnpike at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861.

Occupation of Romney, 18-21 June, 1861

The 10th Virginia Infantry and the 13th Virginia Infantry, under the command of Colonel A P Hill, 13th Virginia Infantry, were ordered to proceed by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad to Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, in the morning on 13 June, 1861, and were stationed at the Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, one mile northwest of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, between 13 and 17 June, 1861 (See the Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah).

The 3rd Tennessee Infantry arrived at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 13 June, 1861, and the 10th Virginia Infantry, the 13th Virginia Infantry, and 3rd Tennessee Infantry, under the command of Colonel A P Hill, 13th Virginia Infantry, were ordered to proceed by the Northwestern Turnpike to Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, at 4 AM on 17 June, 1861 (See the 3rd Tennessee Infantry). The 10th Virginia Infantry, the 13th Virginia Infantry, and 3rd Tennessee Infantry, arrived at Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, at 11 AM on 18 June, 1861.

Skirmish at Twenty-first Bridge, 19 June, 1861

The 13th Virginia infantry, Companies B, I, and a detachment of Company K, and the 3rd Tennessee Infantry, Companies I and K, under the command of Colonel J C Vaughn, 3rd Tennessee Infantry, were ordered to destroy the Twenty-first Bridge, on the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, at the North Branch Potomac River, one and a half miles east of New Creek Station, Hampshire County, Virginia, at 8 PM on 18 June, 1861, and were engaged in a skirmish with a detachment of the Cumberland Continentals (26), 50th Maryland Militia, under the command of First Lieutenant J C Lynn and Second Lieutenant T Luma, at 5 AM on 19 June, 1861 (See Unassigned, Army of Pennsylvania).

troops Detained at Piedmont Station, 21 July, 1861

The 9th Georgia Infantry, the 11th Georgia Infantry, the Kentucky Battalion Infantry, and the 11th Mississippi Infantry, Companies B, C, D, E, G, H, I, and K, Second Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, and the 1st Tennessee Infantry, the 9th Alabama Infantry, the 10th Alabama Infantry, the 11th Alabama Infantry, the 19th Mississippi Infantry, and the 38th Virginia Infantry, Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, were detained at Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, by a collision on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad in the evening on 20 July, 1861, and Colonel J H Forney, 10th Alabama Infantry, was assigned to command the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, and all troops stationed at Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, by General Orders No.1, Headquarters, Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, on 21 July, 1861 (See the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah).

Troop Arrivals at Camp Pickens, 21-22 July, 1861

1st Tennessee Infantry: Col. P Turney
Arrived at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, 5 PM 21 July, 1861
11th Mississippi Infantry, Companies B, C, D, E, G, H, I, & K: Col. W H Moore
Arrived at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, 5 PM 21 July, 1861
9th Alabama Infantry: Col. C M Wilcox
Arrived at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, 10 AM 22 July, 1861
10th Alabama Infantry: Col. J H Forney
Arrived at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, 10 AM 22 July, 1861
11th Alabama Infantry: Col. S Moore
Arrived at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, 10 AM 22 July, 1861
19th Mississippi Infantry: Col. C H Mott
Arrived at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, 10 AM 22 July, 1861
38th Mississippi Infantry: Col. E C Edmonds
Arrived at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, 10 AM 22 July, 1861
Kentucky Battalion Infantry: Maj. T Claiborne, Jr.
Arrived at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, AM 22 July, 1861
9th Georgia Infantry: Col. E R Goulding
Arrived at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, PM 22 July, 1861
11th Georgia Infantry: Col. G T Anderson
Arrived at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, PM 22 July, 1861

The Army of Northern Virginia

The Army of the Shenandoah was redesignated the Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Major General G W Smith, Confederate States Army, on 25 September, 1861.

The Army of the Potomac was assigned the Department of Northern Virginia by General Order 15, Adjutant and Inspector General's Office, on 22 October, 1861, and included the districts of the Valley, embracing the country between the Blue Ridge and Allegheny Mountains; the Potomac, consisting of the country between the Blue Ridge Mountains and the left bank of Powell's River; and Acquia, comprising the country between Powell's River and the mouth of the Potomac River, including the Northern Neck and the counties on each side of the Rappahannock River from its mouth to Fredericksburg, Virginia.

The Army of the Potomac was redesignated the Army of Northern Virginia, under the command of General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, on 14 March, 1862.

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