First Brigade, Fifth Division
Colonel F G D'Utassy, commanding the 39th New York Infantry
Thirty-ninth New York Infantry
Mustered in United States service for three years on 28 May, 1861
COLONEL F G D'UTASSY
LIEUTENANT COLONEL A REPETTI
MAJOR (IN THE FIELD) G E WARING, JR.
Major L W Tinelli commanded the Depot.
- Company A: CAPT. C SCHWARz
- Company B: CAPT. A H UNWERTH
- Company C: CAPT. C OSNAGHI
- Company D: CAPT. J SCHIMT
- Company E: CAPT. J SIEGL
- Company F: CAPT. F TAKATS
- Company G: CAPT. L TASSILLIER
- Company H: CAPT. O BERNSTEIN
- Company I: CAPT. J TORRENS
- Company K: CAPT. C WIEGAND
- Company Pioneers: SERG. J DWYER
The company was temporarily organised with fourteen men and a corporal and assigned to First Lieutenant F E Prime to construct a redoubt with two embrasures on 21 July, 1861.
"The battery near the road from Fairfax Court House having been examined by Colonel Miles, the pioneers of the Garibaldi Guard were directed to construct a (redoubt) with two embrasures, so as to sweep the old Braddock road, and resist any attempt to outflank us from the left, by Union Mills road or road from Gaines' Ford."
Official Report, First Lieutenant F. E. Prime, U. S. Corps of Engineers
"Farther back along the same road, Lieutenant Frederick E Prime, US Engineers, oversaw the pioneers of the Garibaldi Guard, or 39th New York Infantry, as they constructed a redoubt with two embrasures. According to Prime, this work would sweep the Old Braddock road, and resist any attempt to outflank us from the left, by Union Mills road or road from Gaines' Ford."
American Civil War fortifications No.2: Land and field fortifications, byRon Field and illustrated by Peter Dennis
New York in the War of Rebellion, 1861–1865, Volume 3, by Frederick Phisterer.
The 39th New York Infantry was organised at New York City in May 1861 and was mustered in United States service for three years on 28 May, 1861. The regiment was ordered to proceed to Washington D. C. the same day and was ordered across the Potomac River on 13 July, 1861. The 39th New York Infantry encamped at Camp Grinnell, near Alexandria,Virginia. The First Brigade, Fifth Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia, under the command of Colonel L Blenker, was ordered along the Little River Turnpike to Annandale, Virginia, at 3 PM on 16 July, 1861, and was ordered to proceed along the Old Braddock Road to Fairfax Courthouse, Virginia, between the Little River Turnpike and the Orange and Alexandria Raliroad at 8.30 AM on 17 July, 1861, and encamped near Fairfax Courthouse, Virginia. Colonel L Blenker was ordered to Centreville, Virginia, in the morning on 18 July, 1861, and arrived the same day. The 39th New York Infantry was assigned as a reserve on Centreville Heights, near Centreville, Virginia, and did not participate in the first battle of Bull Run. The 39th New York Infantry was ordered to Centreville Heights, Virginia, as a reserve at 2.30 AM on 21 July, 1861. After the first battle of Bull Run the 39th New York Infantry was ordered to Warrenton, Virginia, at 4 PM on 21 July, 1861, and was ordered to return to Washington D. C.via the Long Bridge at 12 AM on 22 July, 1861. The regiment arrived at Washington D. C. at 6 PM the same day. The 39th New York Infantry was ordered across the Long Bridge, Washington D. C., and encamped at Roach's Mills, Virginia, on 26 July, 1861. The 39th New York Infantry was assigned to duty drilling and in the construction of Fort Blenker, Fairlington, Virginia, and encamped near Hunter's Chapel, Virginia, in November, 1861.
The three years men were transferred to the 121st New York Infantry on 25 May, 1863, and the 39th New York Infantry was consolidated as Companies A, B, C, and D on 31 May, 1863. Company E was organised on 8 December, 1863; Company F on 14 December, 1863; Company G on 19 December, 1863; Company H on 30 December, 1863; and Companies I and K in January 1864. Companies A, B, C, and D were mustered out at New York City on 24 June, 1864, and Companies E, F, G, H, I, and K remained in service. Company D was organised at Malone, New York, for one year in October, 1864. The members not to be mustered out were transferred to the 185th New York Infantry on 2 June, 1865, and the 39th New York Infantry was mustered out on 1 July, 1865.
The Military District of the Potomac was established on 25 July, 1861 by consolidating the Military District of Washington and the Department of Northeastern Virginia and redesignated the Department of the Potomac on 15 August, 1861. The 39th New York Infantry was assigned to Colonel L Blenker's brigade, Army of the Potomac, on 4 August, 1861.
Orders of Battle
The above painting, 'New York's Bravest', is by Don Troiani, modern America's finest historial artist.