The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Second Brigade, Second Division

Lieutenant Colonel F K Wheaton, 2nd Rhode Island Infantry

Lieutenant Colonel F K Wheaton, 2nd Rhode Island Infantry

Second Rhode Island Infantry

Mustered in United States service for three years 4 June, 1861. Arrived at Washington, D. C., 22 June, 1861

COLONEL J S SLOCUM
J S Slocum was appointed major, 1st Rhode Island detached Militia Infantry, on 18 April, 1861, and was appointed colonel, 2nd Rhode Island Infantry, on 18 May, 1861. Colonel J S Slocum was mortally wounded on 21 July, 1861, and died at 1 AM on 23 July, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL F K WHEATON
Brigadier General C T Robbins, Rhode Island Militia, was temporarily appointed acting lieutenant colonel, 2nd Rhode Island Infantry, on 19 June, 1861, and Captain F K Wheaton, 1st United States Cavalry, Company B, was appointed lieutenat colonel, 2nd Rhode Island Infantry, on 4 July, 1861.

MAJOR S BALLOU
S Ballou was appointed major, 2nd Rhode Island Infantry, on 11 June, 1861, and was mortally wounded on 21 July, 1861. Major S Ballou died on 28 July, 1861.

Company A: CAPT. C G DYER
The company was accepted in state service at Natick, Phoenix, and Apponaug, Providence County, Rhode Island, on 7 May, 1861, and First Lieutenant & Quartermaster C G Dyer, 1st Rhode Island Detached Militia Infantry, was appointed captain on 1 June, 1861.
Company B: CAPT. J WRIGHT
The company was accepted in state service at Scituate, Johnston, and Cranston, Providence County, Rhode Island, on 7 May, 1861.
Company C: CAPT. N VIALL
The company was accepted in state service Providence at Providence, Providence County, Rhode Island, on 7 May, 1861, and First Lieutenant N Viall, 1st Rhode Island Detached Militia Infantry, Company B, resigned and was appointed captain, 2nd Rhode Island Infantry, Company C, on 4 June, 1861.
Company D: CAPT. W H P STEERE
The company was accepted in state service at Scituate, Providence County, Rhode Island, on 7 May, 1861.
Company E Narragansett Guards: CAPT. I P RODMAN
The company was accepted in state service at Peace Dale District, South Kingstown, Washington County, Rhode Island, on 7 May, 1861, and arrived Providence, Providence County, Rhode Island, in the afternoon on 4 June, 1861.
Company F: CAPT. C L TOWER
The company was accepted in state service at Pawtucket, Valley Falls, and Central Falls, Providence County, Rhode Island, on 7 May, 1861, and Ensign C L Tower, 1st Rhode Island Detached Militia Infantry, Company E, resigned and was appointed captain, 2nd Rhode Island Infantry, Company F, on 1 June, 1861.
Company G: CAPT. N GOFF, JR.
The company was accepted in state service at Bristol and Warren, Bristol County, Rhode Island, on 7 May, 1861, and arrived at Providence, Providence County, Rhode Island, in the morning on 3 June, 1861.
Company H Kentish Guards: CAPT. C W GREENe
The company was accepted in state service at East Greenwich, Kent County, Rhode Island, on 7 May, 1861, and arrived at Providence, Providence County, Rhode Island, in the morning on 31 May, 1861.
Company I: CAPT. S J SMITH
The company was accepted in state service at Smithsfield and Woonsocket, Providence County, Rhode Island, on 7 May, 1861.
Company K: CAPT. C W TURNER
The company was accepted in state service at Newport and Middleton, Aquidneck Island, Newport County, Rhode Island, on 7 May, 1861.
Band: Band Ldr. P Kalkman
The band was accepted in state service with twenty-one musicians, Drum Major J S Potter and Fife Major J H Tennent in May 1861.

Sources

"The Company formed from the Mechanics Rifles and the Providence Artillery have received their uniform. They will be commanded by Nelson Viall, late First Lieutenant of the Providence Artilley."

The Providence Evening Press, 1 June, 1861 - Capt. Viall's Company

"This Company was notified by telegraph on Thursday evening to report themselves in Providence immediately. They came up yesterday morning and were quartered at Railroad Halls, taking dinner at the Aldrich House."

The Providence Evening Press, 1 June, 1861 - Kentish Guards

"A long train of cars arrived here at 21/2 o'clock this morning, bringing the splendid second Rhode Island regiment."

The National Republican, 22 June, 1861 - Arrival of the second Rhode Island regiment

"This splendid brigade, consisting of the two Rhode Island regiments, with their batteries, (one of which is now in Western Virginia,) the New York seventy-first, and the second New Hampshire regiments, yesterday afternoon tooks its departure for the seat of war."

The National Republican, 17 July, 1861 - Departure of Burnside's brigade

"During yesterday, the folowing, among other troops, returned to Washington, some by companies and others straggling, having walked all the way from the field of battle. About 350 of Fire Zouaves; the second New Hampshire; the first and second Rhode Island regiments, with the gallant Burnside at their head, and accompanied by Gov. Sprague; the Garibaldi Guard; the New York second and twenty-ninth regiments, and stragglers from the 1st Michigan."

The National Republican, 23 July, 1861 - The returning troops

"Uniforms were issued, consisting of the so-called 'Rhode Island blouse,' grey pants, and hats looped up at the side."

Personal narratives of the battles of the Rebellion, being papers read before the Rhode Island soldiers and sailors, Historical Society No.1: The first campaign of the Second Rhode Island Infantry, by Elisha H Rhodes

The Second Rhode Island Regiment: A narrative of military operations in which the regiment was engaged from the beginning to the end of the war for the Union, by Augustus Woodbury

The Union Army: A history of military affairs in the loyal states 1861-65, records of the regiments in the Union Army, cyclopedia of battles, memoirs of commanders and soldiers, Volume 1, Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Pennsylvania and Delaware

Notes

The 2nd Rhode Island Infantry, under the command of Colonel C T Robbins, was accepted in state service on 7 May, 1861.

Note: The 2nd Rhode Island Infantry was ordered to rendezvous at Providence, Providence County, Rhode Island, under the call for 42,034 troops by President A Lincoln on 3 May, 1861, and Brigadier General C T Robbins was appointed colonel, 2nd Rhode Island Infantry, on 29 April, 1861. Major J S Slocum, 1st Rhode Island Detached Militia Infantry, arrived at Providence, Providence County, Rhode Island, on 13 May, 1861, and was appointed colonel, 2nd Rhode Island Infantry, on 18 May, 1861 (See the 1st Rhode Island Detached Militia Infantry).

East Greenwich, Kent County, to Providence, Providence County, Rhode Island, Company H, 31 May, 1861: The Kentish Guards arrived by the Stonnington & Providence Railroad at Providence, Providence County, Rhode Island, in the morning on 31 May, 1861.

Note: The 2nd Rhode Island Infantry, Company C, was accepted in state service with detachments of the Providence Artillery and the Mechanic Rifles, Nos.1 and 2, and the Company D with detachments of the 1st Providence Light Infantry and the Providence City Guards on 7 May, 1861.

Bristol & Warren, Bristol County, to Providence, Providence County, Rhode Island, Company G, 3 June, 1861: Captain N Goff, Jr., arrived by the Boston & Providence Railroad at Providence, Providence County, Rhode Island, in the morning on 3 June, 1861.

Peace Dale District, South Kingstown, Washington County, to Providence, Providence County, Rhode Island, 4 June, 1861: The Narragansett Guards was ordered to proceed by the Stonnington & Providence Railroad to Providence, Providence County, via West Kingston, Washington County, Rhode Island, in the morning on 4 June, 1861.

Mustered in three years, Providence, Providence County, Rhode Island, 5 & 6 June, 1861: The 2nd Rhode Island Infantry, Companies A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, and K, were mustered in United States service for three years at Providence, Providence County, Rhode Island, by Colonel G Loomis, 5th United States Infantry, on 5 June, 1861, and Company I on 6 June, 1861.

Dexter Training Ground, on Westminster Street, Providence, Providence County, Rhode Island, 8 June, 1861: The 2nd Rhode Island Infantry was ordered to the Dexter Training Ground, on Westminster Street, Providence, Providence County, Rhode Island, on 8 June, 1861.

Providence, Providence County, Rhode Island, to New York City, New York County, New York, 19-20 June, 1861: The 2nd Rhode Island Infantry was ordered to India Point Park, Fox Point, Providence, Providence County, Rhode Island, on 19 June, 1861, and proceeded by the steamer State of Maine to New York City, New York County, New York, at 4 PM the same day. Companies B, E, G, and K were assigned to the steamer Metropolis due to overcrowding at Newport, Newport County, Rhode Island, in the afternoon on 19 June, 1861, and the 2nd Rhode Island Infantry arrived on the North or Hudson River at Piers No. 3 and 4, on West Street, New York City, New York County, New York, at 11 AM on 20 June, 1861.

Note: The 2nd Rhode Island Infantry, Companies B, E, G, and K, embarked on the steamer Metropolis due to overcrowding at Newport, Newport County, Rhode Island, on 19 June, 1861, and to the steamer Kill von Kull at New York City, New York County, New York, on 20 June, 1861. The 2nd Rhode Island Light Artillery arrived by the steamer Kill von Kull at New York City, New York County, New York, at 11 AM on 20 June, 1861(See the 2nd Rhode Island Light Artillery).

New York City, New York County, New York, to Washington, D. C., 20-22 June, 1861: The 2nd Rhode Island Infantry arrived was ordered to proceed by the steamers State of Maine, Metropolis, Kill von Kull, on the North or Hudson River to Elizabethport, Union County, New Jersey, at 12 PM on 20 June, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the New Jersey Central Railroad to Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, at 4 PM on 20 June, 1861. The regiment arrived by the Lebanon Valley Railroad via Easton, Northampton County, and Reading, Berks County, Pennsylvania, in the morning on 21 June, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Northern Central Railroad to Baltimore City, Maryland, in the morning on 21 June, 1861. The 2nd Rhode Island Infantry arrived Bolton Street Station, on Bolton Street, Baltimore, Maryland, at 8 PM the same day and was ordered to proceed by the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad to Washington, D. C., at 10 PM on 21 June, 1861. The regiment arrived by the Washington, D. C., Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, at Washington, D. C., via Annapolis Junction, Howard County, Maryland, at 2.30 AM on 22 June, 1861.

Note: A detachment of the 2nd Rhode Island Infantry embarked on the steamer Kill von Kull due to overcrowding at New York City, New York County), New York, on 20 June, 1861.

Washington to Gales' woods, east of North Capito Street, D. C., 22 June, 1861: The 2nd Rhode Island Infantry arrived at Camp Clark, in the vicinity of Gales' woods, east of North Capitol Street, D. C., on 22 June, 1861.

Special Orders No.167, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., 2 July, 1861: The 1st Rhode Island Detached Militia Infantry, the 2nd Rhode Island Infantry, the 71st New York State Militia Infantry, the 2nd New Hampshire Infantry, and the 2nd Rhode Island Artillery was assigned to Colonel A E Burnside, 1st Rhode Island Detached Militia Infantry, by Special Orders No.167, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., on 2 July, 1861.

General Orders No.13, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, 8 July, 1861: The 2nd Rhode Island Infantry was assigned to the Second Brigade, Second Division, McDowell's Army, under the command of Colonel A E Burnside, 1st Rhode Island Detached Militia, by General Orders No.13, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 8 July, 1861.

Advance to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 16-18 July, 1861: The 2nd Rhode Island Infantry was ordered to rendezvous on Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, D. C., at 1.30 PM on 16 July, 1861, and was accompanied by the 1st Rhode Island Detached Militia Infantry and the 2nd Rhode Island Light Artillery. The regiment was ordered across the Potomac River at the Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., at 3 PM the same day and arrived by the Columbia Turnpike at the Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad, in the vicinity of Arlington Mills, Alexandria County, Virginia, at 6 PM on 16 July, 1861. The 2nd Rhode Island Infantry arrived by the Little River Turnpike at Annandale, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 8 PM the same day and was ordered to proceed by the Little River Turnpike to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 7 AM on 17 July, 1861. The regiment arrived at Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 12 PM the same day and was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 18 July, 1861. The 2nd Rhode Island Infantry arrived at B D Utterback's farm, in the vicinity of Little Rock Run, north of the road between Centreville and Fairfax Courthouse, two miles east of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the afternoon the same day.

Note: Brigadier General I McDowell, United States Army, accompanied the Second Division, McDowell's Army, to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 17 July, 1861.

B D Utterback's farm, in the vicinity of Little Rock Run, north of the road between Centreville & Fairfax Courthouse, two miles east of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, to Sudley Ford, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861: The 2nd Rhode Island Infantry was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 2 AM on 21 July, 1861, and arrived at 4.30 AM the same day. The regiment was ordered to Sudley Ford, on the Bull Run River, at 5.30 AM on 21 July, 1861, and arrived at 9.30 AM the same day.

Retreat to Washington, D. C., 21-22 July, 1861: After the first battle of Bull Run the 2nd Rhode island Infantry was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 21 July, 1861, and arrived at at 9 PM the same day. The regiment was ordered to Washington, D. C., at 11 PM the same day and arrived at Fort Runyon, in the vicinity of Columbia Springs, Alexandria County, via Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 22 July, 1861. The 2nd Rhode Island Infantry was ordered across the Potomac River by the Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., at 8 AM the same day and arrived at Camp Clark, in the vicinity of Gales' woods, east of North Capitol Street, D. C., in the afternoon on 22 July, 1861.

Gales' woods, in the vicinity of G Keating's Farm, east of North Capitol Street, D. C., 25 July, 1861: The 2nd Rhode island Infantry was ordered to Camp Sprague, Gales' woods, in the vicinity of G Keating's Farm, east of North Capitol Street, D. C., on 25 July, 1861 (See the 1st Rhode Island Detached Militia Infantry).

Gales' woods, in the vicinity of G Keating's Farm, east of North Capitol Street, to Brightwood, in the vicinity of Eighteenth Street, D. C., 6 August, 1861: The 2nd Rhode Island Infantry arrived at Camp Brightwood, Brightwood, in the vicinity of Eighteenth Street, D. C., on 6 August, 1861.

Note: The 2nd Rhode Island Infantry, Company K, under the command of Captain C W Turner, was assigned to guard public property at Camp Sprague, Gales' woods, in the vicinity of G Keating's Farm, east of North Capitol Street, D. C., on 6 August, 1861.

Mustered out,2nd Rhode Island Infantry, Providence, Providence County, Rhode Island, 17 June, 1864: The 2nd Rhode Island Infantry, under the command of Colonel S B M Read, was mustered out at Providence, Providence County, Rhode Island, on 17 June, 1864, and the men of the 2nd Rhode Island Infantry not entitled to be mustered out were reorganised as the 2nd Rhode Island Veteran Infantry (325), under the of Captain E H Rhodes, at Cold Harbor, near Mechanicsville, Hanover County, Virginia, on 5 June, 1864.

Mustered out, 2nd Rhode Island Veretan Infantry, Hall's Hill, near Fall's Church, Fairfax County, Virginia, 19 June & 13 July, 1865: The 2nd Rhode Island Veteran Infantry, Company E, was mustered out at Hall's Hill, near Fall's Church, Fairfax County, Virginia, 19 June, 1865, and Companies A, B, C, D, F, G, H, I, and K, under the command of Brevet Colonel & Lieutenant Colonel E H Rhodes, at Hall's Hill, near Fall's Church, Fairfax County, Virginia, 13 July, 1865.

Colonel A E Burnside, 1st Rhode Island Detached Militia Infantry, Second Brigade, Second Division, McDowell's Army: A E Burnside was stationed at New York City, New York County, New York, on 15 April, 1861, and arrived at Providence, Providence County, Rhode Island, on 16 April, 1861. He was appointed colonel, 1st Rhode Island Detached Militia Infantry, the same day and brigadier general, United States Volunteers, by General Orders No.62, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 20 August, 1861, dated 6 August, 1861 (See the 1st Rhode Island Detached Militia Infantry).

Organisation of Colonel D N Crouch's brigade, Division of the Potomac, 4 August, 1861: Colonel D N Crouch, 7th Massachusetts Infantry; 7th Massachusetts Infantry; 10th Massachusetts Infantry; 2nd Rhode Island Infantry; 36th New York Infantry

Note: The 2nd Rhode Island Infantry was assigned to Colonel D N Crouch's temporary brigade, Division of the Potomac, by Special Orders No.10, Headquarters, Division of the Potomac, Washington, D. C., on 4 August, 1861.

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.41: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, p400
Lieutenant Colonel F Wheaton, Second Rhode Island Infantry, Camp Clark, near Gales' Woods, D. C., 23 July, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.39: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp395-399
Colonel A E Burnside, First Rhode Island Detached Militia Infantry, Second Brigade, Second Division, McDowell's Army, dated Washington, D. C., 19 August, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.31: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp382-383
Colonel D Hunter, Third United States Cavalry, Second Division, McDowell's Army, dated Washington, D. C., 5 August, 1861