The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Reserves, Army of the Potomac

Colonel R M Cary, 30th Virginia Infantry

Colonel R M Cary, 30th Virginia Infantry

Thirtieth Virginia Infantry

Mustered in Confederate service on 1 July, 1861, and arrived at Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 21 July, 1861. Did not participate in the first battle of Manassas

COLONEL R M CARY
Captain R M Cary was appointed lieutenant colonel, Confederate States Army, on 14 May, 1861, and was appointed colonel, 30th Virginia Infantry, on 15 June, 1861 (See the 1st Virginia Infantry).

LIEUTENANT COLONEL A T HARRISON
MAJOR W S BARTON
Major W S Barton was temporarily assigned to command the 2nd Virginia Battalion Volunteers in April 1860.

Company A Fredericksburg or Washington Guards: CAPT. J W Sener
The company was organised at Fredericksburg, Virginia, in June 1858 and was assigned to the 2nd Virginia Battalion Volunteers, under the command of Major W S Barton, in April 1860. The company was accepted in state service at Fredericksburg, Virginia, on 22 April, 1861, and Captain J W Sener resigned shortly afterwards. The company was assigned to picket duty on the Potomac River on 23 April, 1861, and was mustered in state service at Camp Mercer, near Fredericksburg, Virginia, on 19 May, 1861.
Company B Fredericksburg Rifle Greys: CAPT. R S Chew
The company was organised at Fredericksburg, Virginia, in 1859 and was assigned to the 2nd Virginia Battalion Volunteers, under the command of Major W S Barton, in April 1860. The company was accepted in state service on 22 April, 1861, and and was mustered in state service at Camp Mercer, near Fredericksburg, Virginia, on 9 May, 1861.
Company C Gordon Rifles: CAPT. R H Alexander
The company was accepted in state service at Spotsylvania County and Fredericksburg, Virginia, on 25 April, 1861, and was mustered in state service on 23 May, 1861.
Company D Mount Pleasant Rifles: CAPT. V M Johnston
The company was accepted in state service at Mount Pleasant, Spotsylvania County, Virginia, on 26 April, 1861, and was mustered in state service on 8 May, 1861. Captain S B Goodloe resigned on 8 May, 1861, and First Lieutenant V M Johnston was appointed captian shortly afterwards.
Company E Caroline Greys: CAPT. R O Peatross
The company was accepted in state service at Bowling Green, Caroline County, Virginia, on 26 April, 1861, and arrived at Camp Mercer, near Fredericksburg, Virginia, in the evening on 8 May, 1861. The company was mustered in state service at Camp Mercer, near Fredericksburg, Virginia, on 11 May, 1861.
Company F Bowling Green Guards: CAPT. W D Quesenberry
The company was accepted in state service at Bowling Green, Caroline County, Virginia, on 7 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service on 9 May, 1861.
Company G Chilesburg Light Infantry or Guards: CAPT. T B Coghill
The company accepted in state service at Chilesburg, Caroline County, Virginia, on 21 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service on 23 May, 1861.
Company H Sparta Greys: CAPT. J M Gouldin
The company accepted in state service at Sparta, Caroline County, Virginia, on 24 April, 1861, and was mustered in state service on 26 April, 1861.
Company I (1st) Stafford Guards: CAPT. J D Bruce
The company was accepted in state service at Stafford County, Virginia, on 22 April, 1861, and was mustered in state service on 12 May, 1861. The company was assigned to the 47th Virginia Infantry, Company I (3rd), in September 1861.
Company I (2nd) Braxton's Company: CAPT. E M Braxton
The company was mustered in state service at Stafford County, Virginia, on 22 July, 1861, and was assigned to the 47th Virginia Infantry, Company I (2nd), on 16 August, 1861. The company was assigned to the 30th Virginia Infantry in September 1861.
Company K King George Greys: CAPT. B T Tayloe
The company was accepted in state service at King George County, Virginia, on 27 April, 1861, and was mustered in state service the same day.
Unlettered Rough and Readys: CAPT. C J Green
The company was accepted in state service at Falmouth, Stafford County, Virginia, on 23 April, 1861, and was mustered in state service on 20 May, 1861. The company was assigned to the 47th Virginia Infantry, Company A, on 2 July, 1861.
Unlettered Westmoreland Cavalry or Lee's Light Horse: CAPT. T S Garnett
The company was mustered in state service at Montrose, Westermoreland County, Virginia, by Major R M Mayo, Confederates States Army, on 23 May, 1861, and was ordered to Brooke's Station, Safford County, Virginia, on 16 July, 1861. The company was assigned to the 30th Virginia Infantry at Brooke's Station, Safford County, Virginia, in the morning on 20 July, 1861, and was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, the same day. The company encamped at Aquia Creek, Stafford County, Virginia, in the evening on 20 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 9 PM on 21 July, 1861. The company was assigned to the 1st Virginia Battalion Cavalry at Brooke's Station, Safford County, Virginia, on 1 November, 1861.

Second Virginia Battalion Volunteers

Major W S Barton

Company Unlettered Fredericksburg or Washington Guards: CAPT. J W Sener
The company was assigned to the 30th Virginia Infantry, Company A, on 15 June, 1861.
Company Unlettered Fredericksburg Rifle Greys: CAPT. R S Chew
The company was assigned to the 30th Virginia Infantry, Company B, on 15 June, 1861.

The Fredericksburg Guards, the Fredericksburg Rifle Greys, and the Coleman Guards, 16th Virginia State Militia, were assigned to the 2nd Virginia Battalion Volunteers, under the command of Major W S Barton, in April 1860 and the Coleman Guards was disbanded prior to 17 April, 1861. The Fredericksburg Guards and the Fredericksburg Rifle Greys were assigned to the 30th Virginia Infantry, Companies A and B, respectively, on 15 June 1861.

Sources

"There are three well organized and efficient companies in the place, and more forming. Capt. Sener's company of Infantry has been sent to the Potomac river."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 25 April, 1861 - Fredericksburg

"The Caroline Greys drilled at this place yesterday, and are drilling again to-day. It is a company of finely formed and well-drilled young men, and destined, when brought into actual service, to make its mark high and to achieve bright and lasting honors. The Captain, R. O. Peatross, is a young man, but of true courage, and understands his duty well."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 26 April, 1861 - Progress of the war

"Among the companies now at this beautiful camp are the Old Richmond Light Infantry Blues, Co. E, commanded by Capt. O. Jennings Wise; Co. F, commanded by Capt. Cary; the Mount Pleasant Rifles, Capt. Johnson; Capt. R. L. Walker's Artillery, four field-pieces; the Fredericksburg Artillery, Capt.Braxton; Co. B, Fredericksburg, Capt. Chew; Co. A, Fredericksburg, Capt. Sener. The train last evening brought the Caroline Greys, Capt. Quisenberry, a fine looking and well-drilled body of men. The camp is under the command of Capt. R. Milton Cary, of Co. F."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 25 April, 1861 - Affairs at Camp Mercer, near Fredericksburg, May 9, 1861.

"A correspondent gives some further information of the fight at Mathias' Point, on Thursday evening last. The Sparta Guard, Capt. Goulding, and the King George Greys, Capt. Bladen Taylor, drove the Yankees off, killing a number on shore, besides Capt. Ward of the Freeborn. Our men secured a large quantity of rope, several Sharpe's rifles, a fine spy-glass and a thousand sand bags."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 3 July, 1861 - The engagement at Mathias' Point

"The regiment was stationed at Aquia Creek, on the Potomac, until February 1862. When the first battle of Manassas was fought, it made a forced march to that place on Sunday, but arrived too late to take part in the action."

The University memorial: Biographical sketches of alumni of the University of Virginia who fell in the Confederate War, five Volumes in one, by Rev John Lipscomb Johnson, B A

Notes

The 30th Virginia Infantry was organised at Camp Mercer, near Fredericksburg, Virginia, on 13 June 1861.

Camp Mercer, near Fredericksburg, Virginia, 9-14 May, 1861: The 1st Virginia Infantry, Companies E and F, the Mount Pleasant Rifles, the Purcell Artillery and four 6 pounder Parrott rifles, the Fredericksburg Artillery, the Fredericksburg Guards, the Fredericksburg Rifle Greys and the Caroline Greys were stationed at Camp Mercer, near Fredericksburg, Virginia, under the command of Captain R M Cary, 1st Virginia Infantry, Company F, on 9 May, 1861. Captain R M Cary was appointed lieutenant colonel, Confederate States Army, on 13 May, 1861, and was assigned to command between Fredericksburg, Virginia, and the Potomac River, including Camp Mercer, near Fredericksburg, Virginia, on 14 May, 1861.

General Orders No.25, Headquarters Provisional Army of Virginia, 8 June, 1861: General Orders No.25, Headquarters Provisional Army of Virginia, 8 June, 1861, assigned the 30th Virginia Infantry to the Confederate States Army on 1 July, 1861.

Marthias Point, King George County, Virginia, 27 June, 1861: The Sparta Greys, the Westmoreland Cavalry and the King George Greys were assigned to Mayo's Battalion Infantry, under the command of Major R M Mayo, and were ordered to Mathias Point, King George County, Virginia, on 27 June, 1861. The Sparta Greys, under the command of First Lieutenant W M Saunders, and the Westmoreland Cavalry acting as infantry, under the command of First Lieutenant R L T Beale, were engaged in a skirmish at Mathias Point, King George County, Virginia, the same day.

Distribution, 30th Virginia Infantry, 17 July, 1861: The 30th Virginia Infantry, Companies H and K were stationed at Mathias Point, King George County, Virginia; Company F at Pratt's Point, Stafford County, Virginia; Companies B, D, E and G at Marlboro Point, Stafford County, Virginia; Company C at Hedgman's Farm, near Marlboro Point, Stafford County, Virginia; Company I near Chopawamsic Creek, on the Potomac River; and Company A at Acquia Creek, on the Potomac River, on 17 July, 1861

Stafford and King George Counties to Manassas Junction, Virginia, 20-21 July, 1861: The 30th Virginia Infantry was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Brigadier General T H Holmes on 19 July, 1861, and was accompanied by the Westmoreland Cavalry. The regiment arrived near Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 8 PM on 21 July, 1861.

Note: The 40th Virginia Infantry, under the command of Colonel J M Brokenbrough, arrived at Mathias Point, King George County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 20 July, 1861, and Colonel D Ruggles was temporarily assigned to command the Department of Fredericksburg between 19 and 23 July, 1861.

After the first battle of Manassas the 30th Virginia Infantry was ordered to to Brooke's Station, Stafford County, Virginia, in the morning on 23 July, 1861.

Reorganised, 15, 16 and 18 April, 1861: The 30th Virginia Infantry was reorganised on 15, 16 and 18 April, 1862.

Surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, 9 April, 1865: The 30th Virginia Infantry, under the command of Major General G E Pickett, surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, on 9 April, 1865.

Westmoreland Cavalry or Lee's Light Horse: The Westmoreland Cavalry was stationed at Brooke's Station, Stafford County, Virginia, under the command of Major RM Mayo, and was ordered to Mathias Point, King George County, Virginia, on 27 June, 1861. Captain T S Garnett was to ill for duty and First Lieutenant R L T Beale was assigned to command the company during the skirmish at Mathias Point, King George County, Virginia, the same day. The company was ordered to Brooke's Station, Stafford County, Virginia, in July 1861 and was temporarily assigned to the 30th Virginia Infantry at Aquia Creek, Stafford County, Virginia, on 20 July, 1861. The Westmoreland Cavalry was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Brigadier General T H Holmes the same day and was accompanied by the 30th Virginia Infantry. The company arrived near Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 8 PM on 21 July, 1861, and was ordered to Brooke's Station, Stafford County, Virginia, on 23 July, 1861.

Brigadier General D Ruggles, Department of Fredricksburg, 22 April-5 June, 1861: Brevet Lieutenant Colonel D Ruggles, 5th United States Infantry, resigned on 19 April, 1861, and was appointed brigadier general, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 21 April, 1861. Brigadier General D Ruggles was assigned to command the Department of Fredericksburg and included the Potomac River between Mount Vernon, Virginia, and the Rappahannock River on 22 April, 1861. Brigadier General D Ruggles stablished Headquarters at Fredericksburg, Virginia, and was appointed colonel, Confederates States Army. Brigadier General T H Holmes relieved Colonel D Ruggles on 5 June, 1861, and assumed command of the post and established Headquarters at Brooke's Station, near Aquia Creek, Virginia, the same day. Colonel D Ruggles was promoted to brigadier general, Confederates States Army, on 9 August, 1861, and was ordered to proceed to Pensacola, Florida, shortly afterwards.

Brigadier General T H Holmes, Department of Fredricksburg, 5 June, 1861: T H Holmes was appointed colonel, Confederate States Army, on 16 March, 1861, and was assigned to the Defenses of North Carolina on 22 April, 1861. He was appointed brigadier general, Department of Fredericksburg, on 5 June, 1861.

Note: The Department of Fredericksburg, under the command of Brigadier General T H Holmes, was reorganised as the Aquia District, Department of Northern Virginia, on 22 October, 1861.