The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Evans' Demi Brigade, Army of the Potomac

Fourth Sergeant B B Breazeale, 4th South Carolina Infantry, Company J

Fourth Sergeant B B Breazeale, 4th South Carolina Infantry, Company J

Fourth South Carolina Infantry

Mustered in Confederate service on 7 June, 1861, and arrived at Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 14 July, 1861. Stationed near the Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, on 21 July, 1861

COLONEL J E B SLOAN
Colonel J D Ashmore resigned on 18 April, 1861, and Lieutenant Colonel J E B Sloan was appointed colonel, 4th South Carolina Infantry, the same day. J E B Sloan was appointed lieutenant colonel, 4th South Carolina Infantry, on 16 February, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL C S MATTISON
Colonel C S Mattison, 4th South Carolina State Militia, was appointed major, 4th South Carolina Infantry, on 16 February, 1861, and lieutenant colonel between 15 and 20 April, 1861.

MAJOR J H WHITNER
Captain J H Whitner, Company B, was appointed major, 4th South Carolina Infantry, on 10 May, 1861.

Company A Butler Guards or Hoke's Rifle Company: CAPT. A D HOKE
The company was accepted in state service at Greenville District, South Carolina, on 5 January, 1861, and was mustered in state service as the 4th South Carolina Infantry, Company A, on 14 April, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by the Greenville & Columbia Railroad to Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, on 16 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Charlotte Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, at 3 PM on 6 May, 1861. The company arrived by the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad at Richmond, Virginia, in the evening on 7 May, 1861, and was assigned to the 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Company B, between 16 May and 24 June, 1861 (See the 2nd South Carolina Infantry).
Company B Palmetto Riflemen: CAPT. W W HUMPHREYS
The company was accepted in state service at Anderson Courthouse, Anderson District, South Carolina, under the command of Captain J H Whitner, on 3 January, 1861, and was mustered instate service on 14 April, 1861. Captain J H Whitner was appointed major, 4th South Carolina Infantry, on 10 May, 1861, and First Lieutenant W W Humphreys was appointed captain on 6 June, 1861. First Lieutenant W Earle was assigned to command the company at the first battle of Manassas on 21 July, 1861.
Company C Dean's Company: CAPT. J T DEAN
The company was accepted in state service at Anderson District, South Carolina, on 3 January, 1861, and was mustered instate service on 14 April, 1861.
Company D Piercetown Guards: CAPT. J LONG
The company was organised at Piercetown Community, Anderson District, South Carolina, on 3 January, 1861, and was mustered instate service on 14 April, 1861.
Company E Calhoun Mountaineers: CAPT. F W KILPATRICK
The compamy was accepted in state service at Fair Play, Anderson District, South Carolina, in January 1861 and was mustered instate service on 14 April, 1861.
Company F Tyger Volunteers or Poole's Infantry Company: CAPT. G P POOLE
The company was accepted in state service at Middle and South Forks on the Tyger River, Greenville District, South Carolina, in January 1861 and was mustered instate service on 14 April, 1861. Captain G Poole was mortally wounded at the first battle of Manassas on 21 July, 1861, and died at Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper, County, Virginia, on 31 July, 1861.
Company G Saluda Guards: CAPT. J G HAWTHORN
The company was accepted in state service at Greenville, Greenville District, South Carolina, in January 1861 and was mustered instate service on 14 April, 1861.
Company H (1st) Keowee Riflemen: CAPT. J W Livingston
The company was accepted in state service at Pickens District, South Carolina, in January 1861 and was mustered in Confederate service as the 1st South Carolina Rifles, Company A, on 20 July, 1861.
Company H (2nd) Twelve Mile Volunteers: CAPT. R Y H GRIFFIN
The company was accepted in state service at Twelve Mile Creek, Pickens District, South Carolina, on 11 January, 1861, and was mustered instate service on 14 April, 1861.
Company I Pickens Guards: CAPT. W W HOLLINGSWORTH
The company was accepted in state service at Pickensville, Pickens District, South Carolina, on 11 January, 1861, and was mustered instate service on 14 April, 1861.
Company J Confederate Guards: CAPT. W H ANDERSON
The company was accepted in state service at Anderson District, South Carolina, under the command of Captain J D Ashmore, on 3 January, 1861, and was mustered instate service on 14 April, 1861. Captain J D Ashmore was appointed colonel, 4th South Carolina Infantry, on 16 February, 1861, and First Lieutenant W H Anderson was appointed captain on 9 March, 1861.
Company K Fort Hill Guards: CAPT. J L SHANKLIN
The company was accepted in state service at Pendleton and Fork Township, Anderson District, South Carolina, on 3 January, 1861, and mustered in state service on 2 June, 1861.

Sumter or Calhoun Light Artillery

Capt. W R Calhoun
Brevet Second Lieutenant W R Calhoun, United States Dragoons, resigned on 27 April, 1861, and was appointed lieutenant colonel, 1st South Carolina Battalion Artillery, on 15 August, 1861. Lieutenant Colonel W R Calhoun arrived at Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 1 January, 1862.

The Sumter or Calhoun Light Artillery was mustered in state sevice, under the command of Captain W R Calhoun, at Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 24 January, 1861, and was assigned to the 1st South Carolina Battalion Artillery, Company A, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel R S Ripley, on 28 January, 1861.

Fort Moultrie, Sullivan's Island, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, 12 & 13 April, 1861: The Sumter or Calhoun Light Artillery was stationed at Fort Moultrie, Sullivan's Island, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, under the command of Captain W R Calhoun, during the bombardment of Fort Sumter, Charleston Harbour, on 12 and 13 April, 1861.

Note: The Sumter or Calhoun Light Artillery was mustered in Confederate service at Fort Moultrie, Sullivan's Island, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 18 May, 1861.

Fort Moultrie, Sullivan's Island, to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, 4 July, 1861: The Sumter or Calhoun Light Artillery was ordered to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 4 July, 1861.

Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, to Richmond, Virginia, 30 July-2 August, 1861: The Sumter or Calhoun Light Artillery was ordered to proceed by the Northeastern Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, on 30 July, 1861, and was stationed at the reservoir, near Richmond, Virginia, on 2 August, 1861.

Richmond to Manassas Junction, Virginia, 28 August, 1861: The Sumter or Calhoun Light Artillery was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.136, Paragraph XVII, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 28 August, 1861, and was accompanied by the Baptist College Battalion Artillery. The company was assigned to the Third Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General D R Jones, in September 1861 (See the Third Brigade, Army of the Potomac).

Note: First Lieutenant W C Preston was appointed captain, Sumter or Calhoun Light Artillery, on 15 August, 1861.

The Sumter or Calhoun Light Artillery was assigned to the 1st South Carolina Artillery, Company A, under the command of Colonel W R Calhoun, at Fort Sumter, Charleston Harbour, on 25 March, 1862.

Star Artillery, October-December, 1861: Two field pieces of the Sumter or Calhoun Light Artillery were assigned to the Star Artillery, under the command of First Lieutenant F G Latham, 5th South Carolina Infantry, Company G, in October 1861 and was assigned to the 5th South Carolina Infantry between October and December 1861 (See the 5th South Carolina Infantry).

Baptist College Battalion Artillery

Capt. T H Carter

Unlettered Company King William Artillery: First Lt. P H Fontaine
The company was mustered in state service at Bond's Store, King William County, Virginia, on 1 June, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service at Richmond, Virginia, on 2 August, 1861.
Unlettered Company Henrico Artillery: Capt. A R Courtney
The company was accepted and mustered in Confederate service at Deep Run Church, Henrico County, Virginia, on 8 July, 1861, and was stationed at the Baptist College Artillery Barracks, Fush Hill, near Richmond, Virginia, on 22 July, 1861.

Note: A R Courtney was appointed second lieutenant, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 15 May, 1861, and captain, Henrico Artillery, on 8 July, 1861.

Unlettered Company Sons of Fluvanna or Fluvanna Artillery No.1: Capt. W H Holman
The company was accepted in state service at Fluvanna County, Virginia, on 20 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service on 20 June, 1861. The company was assigned to the Reserve Artillery, under the command of Colonel W N Pendleton, on 14 January, 1862, and the Fluvanna Artillery No.1 and the Fluvanna Artillery No.2 were consolidated and redesignated the Fluvanna Artillery, under the command of Captain J L Massie, on 4 October, 1862.

The Baptist College Battalion Artillery was stationed at the Baptist College Artillery Barracks, Fush Hill, near Richmond, Virginia, under the command of Captain T H Carter, on 2 August, 1861, and was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.136, Paragraph XVII, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 28 August, 1861.

Note: The King William Artillery was assigned to Brigadier General D R Jones' Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, in August 1861; the Henrico Artillery to Brigadier General I R Trimble's Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, in August 1861; and the Fluvanna Artillery No.1 to Colonel W N Pendleton's Reserve Artillery, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, in August 1861 (See the 1st Rockbridge Artillery).

Baptist College Artillery Barracks, Hermitage or New Fairgrounds, Fush Hill, near Richmond, Virginia, between 20 & 28 June, 1861: B Allston was appointed first lieutenant, artillery, Confederate States Army, on 11 June, 1861, and was assigned to command the artillery in and about Richmond, Virginia, by Special Orders No.190, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 11 June, 1861. First Lieutenant B Allston was appointed major, artillery, Confederate States Army, on 20 June, 1861, and was stationed at the Baptist College Artillery Barracks, Hermitage or New Fairgrounds, Fush Hill, near Richmond, Virginia, between 20 and 28 June, 1861. Major B Allston was temporarily assigned to the 19th Mississippi Infantry by Special Orders No.76, Paragraph XII, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861, and appears on the muster roll of the 4th Alabama Infantry, Company F, on 30 June, 1861, and was assigned to command the 4th Alabama Infantry on 11 August, 1861 (See the 4th Alabama Infantry).

Note: Captain E P Alexander, Corps Engineers, Confederate States Army, was assigned to command the artillery stationed at the Baptist College Artillery Barracks, Hermitage or New Fairgrounds, Fush Hill, near Richmond, Virginia, by Special Orders No.205, Paragraph V, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 28 June, 1861 (Corps Engineers, Army of the Potomac).

Sources

"The 4th Regiment of volunteers from the gallant Palmette State arrived in Richmond on Monday, the 17th inst."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 20 June, 1861 - South Carolina Volunteers

"Before the battle of First Manassas, the 4th Regiment was part of Jubal Early's Brigade, which consisted of the 13th Mississippi and the 24th and 7th Virginia Regiments."

South Carolina's military organisations during the War Between the States: The Upstate, by R S Seigler

South Carolina's military organisations during the War Between the States: Militia & reserves, by R S Seigler

Company J, Fourth South Carolina Infantry, at the first battle of Manassas, by B B Breazeale

South Carolina troops in Confederate service, Volume II, complied by A S Salley, Jr.

History of the Fourth Regiment South Carolina Volunteers, from the commencement of the war until Lee's surrender, by J W Reid

Notes

The 4th South Carolina Infantry was accepted in state service on 16 February, 1861, and was mustered in state service at Pendleton, Anderson District, South Carolina, on 14 April, 1861.

Anderson to Pendleton, Anderson County, South Carolina, 14-15 April, 1861: The 4th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to rendezvous at North Main Street, Anderson, Anderson District, South Carolina, on 14 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Blue Ridge Railroad to Pendleton, Anderson District, South Carolina, the same day.

Note: The Keowee Riflemen, under the command of Captain J W Livingston, was temporarily assigned to the 4th South Carolina Infantry, Company H (1st), in January 1861 and was mustered in Confederate service for three years as the 1st South Carolina Rifles, Company A, on 20 July 1861.

Pendleton, Anderson District, to Columbia, Richland County, South Carolina, 15-17 April, 1861: The 4th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Greenville & Columbia Railroad to Columbia, Richland County, South Carolina, under the command of Acting Colonel & Lieutenant Colonel J E B Sloan, on 15 and 16 April, 1861, and arrived on 17 April, 1861.

Note: The 4th South Carolina Infantry, Company A, was ordered to proceed by the Charlotte Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, at 3 PM on 6 May, 1861, and was assigned to the 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Company B, at Richmond, Virginia, between 16 May and 24 June, 1861 (See the 2nd South Carolina Infantry).

Columbia, Richland County, South Carolina, Company K, 2 June, 1861: The Fort Hill Guards was mustered in state service as the 4th South Carolina Infantry, Company K, at Camp O'Connell, near Columbia, Richland County, South Carolina, on 2 June, 1861.

Note: The 4th South Carolina Infantry was mustered in Confederate service at Camp O'Connell, near Columbia, Richland County, South Carolina, on 7 June, 1861.

Columbia, Richland County, South Carolina, to Richmond, Virginia, 15-17 June, 1861: The 4th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Northeastern Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, at 8 AM on 15 June, 1861, and arrived by the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad via Wilmington, New Hanover County, and Weldon, Halifax County, North Carolina, and Petersburg, Virginia, in the evening on 17 June, 1861.

Richmond to Manassas Junction, Virginia, 20-21 June, 1861: The 4th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.74, Paragraph IV, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 18 June, 1861, and proceeded by the Virginia Central Railroad on 20 June, 1861. The regiment was accompanied by Major N G Evans, cavalry, Confederate States Army, and arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, via Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, on 21 June, 1861.

Note: The 4th South Carolina Infantry was assigned to the Sixth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Colonel J A Early, by General Orders No.20, Paragraph VI, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861 (See the Sixth Brigade, Army of the Potomac).

Manassas Junction to Gainesville, Prince William County, Virginia, 21 June 1861: The 4th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Manassas Gap Railroad to Gainesville, Prince William County, Virginia, on 22 June, 1861, and arrived the same day.

Special Orders No.55, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, 21 June, 1861: The 4th South Carolina Infantry was detached from the Sixth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, by Special Orders No.55, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 21 June, 1861.

Gainesville, Prince William County, to Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, 22-23 June 1861: The 4th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, under the command of Major N G Evans, cavalry, Confederate States Army, by Special Orders No.55, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 21 June, 1861, and proceeded in the morning on 22 June, 1861. The regiment arrived at Carter's Green, near Aldie, Loudoun County, Virginia, in the evening on 22 June, 1861, and was ordered to Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, in the morning on 23 June, 1861. The 4th South Carolina Infantry arrived at Camp Caroline, near Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, the same day.

Note: Major N G Evans, cavalry, Confederate States Army, was assigned to command Loudoun County and the Potomac River between Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, and Drainesville, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 23 June, 1861.

Frying Pan Church, on the Old Ox Road, Fairfax County, Virginia, 10-11 July, 1861: The 4th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to Frying Pan Church, on the Old Ox Road, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 10 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Tabor, near Frying Pan Church, on the Old Ox Road, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the evening on 11 July, 1861.

Evans' Demi Brigade, Army of the Potomac, near Frying Pan Pan Church, on the Old Ox Road, Fairfax County, Virginia, 11 July, 1861: The 4th South Carolina Infantry was assigned to Evans' Demi Brigade, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Major N G Evans, cavalry, Confederate States Army, near Frying Pan Church, on the Old Ox Road, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 11 July, 1861.

Note: Major N G Evans, cavalry, Confederate States Army, was assigned to command the troops at and in the vicinity of Frying Pan Church, on the Old Ox Road, Fairfax County, Virginia, as part of the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Colonel P St G Cocke, 19th Virginia Infantry, on 11 July, 1861 (See the 19th Virginia Infantry). The 4th South Carolina Infantry was stationed between Frying Pan Church, on the Old Ox Road, and Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 13 July, 1861.

Withdrawal to Stone Bridge, on Bull Run River, 17 July, 1861: The 4th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to withdraw to the Stone Bridge, on Bull Run River, on 17 July, 1861, and arrived in the evening the same day.

Note: Colonel J R Hagood, 1st South Carolina Infantry, was stationed at Camp Tabor, near Frying Pan Church, on the Old Ox Road, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 17 July, 1861.

After the first battle of Manassas the 4th South Carolina Infantry was stationed near the Stone Bridge, on Bull Run River, in the evening on 21 July, 1861.

Note: The 4th South Carolina Infantry was assigned to the Third Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, by Special Orders No.169, Paragraph I, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 25 July, 1861.

Organisation of Third Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, 25 July, 1861: 4th South Carolina Infantry, 5th South Carolina Infantry, 6th South Carolina Infantry, 9th South Carolina Infantry

Stone Bridge to Union Mills & Centreville Road, between the Braddock Road & Union Mills Ford, on the Bull Run River, 29 July, 1861: The 4th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to the Union Mills & Centreville Road, between the Braddock Road and Union Mills Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the morning on 29 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Pettus, near the Union Mills & Centreville Road, between the Braddock Road and Union Mills Ford, on the Bull Run River, the same day.

Union Mills & Centreville Road, between the Braddock Road & Union Mills Ford, on the Bull Run River, to Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, 12 August, 1861: The 4th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.218, Paragragh I, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 10 August, 1861, and proceeded in the morning on 12 August, 1861. The regiment arrived at Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the afternoon the same day.

Reorganised near Yorktown, York County, Vithinia, 13th South Carolina Battalion Infantry: The 4th South Carolina Infantry was reorganised as the 13th South Carolina Battalion Infantry, also known as the 4th South Carolina Battalion Infantry, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel C S Mattison, near Yorktown, York County, Virginia, on 24 April, 1862.

Note: The 13th South Carolina Battalion Infantry was consolidated as two companies and was assigned to the Hampton Legion Infantry, Companies I and K, on 11 November, 1862 (See the Hampton Legion).

Major N G Evans, cavalry, Confederate States Army, Seventh (Demi) Brigade, Army of the Potomac: Captain N G Evans, 2nd United States Cavalry, Company H, resigned at Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 23 February, dated 27 February, 1861, and was appointed major and assistant adjutant general, Provisional Army of South Carolina, on 27 February, 1861 (See the United States Battalion Cavalry). Major & Assistant Adjutant General N G Evans, Provisional Army of South Carolina, arrived at Cokesbury, Greenwood District, South Carolina, on 14 March, 1861, and was appointed adjutant general to Brigadier General R G M Dunovant, Provisional Army of South Carolina, on 28 March, 1861. He was ordered to Sullivan's Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 9 April, 1861, and was on duty during the bombardment of Fort Sumter, Charleston Harbour, on 12 and 13 April, 1861. Major & Adjutant General N G Evans, Provisional Army of South Carolina, was stationed at Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 16 May, 1861, and was appointed major, cavalry, Confederate States Army, at Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 21 May, 1861, dated 16 March, 1861. Major N G Evans, cavlary, Confederate States Army, mustered the 7th South Carolina Infantry in Confederate service on 4 June, 1861, and was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.74, Paragraph VI, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 18 June, 1861 (See the 7th South Carolina Infantry). He was accompanied the 4th South Carolina Infantry and arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, via Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, on 21 June, 1861. Major N G Evans was ordered to Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, on 22 June, 1861, and was accompanied by the 4th South Carolina Infantry. He was assigned to command at Loudoun County and the Potomac River between Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, and Drainesville, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 23 June, 1861, and was ordered to Frying Pan Church, on the Old Ox Road, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 10 July, 1861. Major N G Evans was appointed colonel, cavlary, Confederate States Army, on 23 July, 1861, and was assigned to command the Seventh Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, by Special Orders No.169, Paragarph I, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, on 25 July, 1861. Colonel N G Evans, cavlary, Confederate States Army, was ordered to Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.212, Paragraph I, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 8 August, 1861, and was appointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, on 21 October, 1861.

Note: Major N G Evans, cavlary, Confederate States Army, was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.198, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861.

The 4th South Carolina Infantry was assigned to the Third Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General D R Jones, by Special Orders No.169, Paragraph I, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, on 25 July, 1861.

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.111: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp560-562
Colonel J B E Sloan, Fourth South Carolina Infantry, dated near the Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run, River, 23 July, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.110: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp558-560
Colonel N G Evans, Seventh Brigade, Army of the Potomac, dated near the Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, 24 July, 1861