The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Seventh (Demi) Brigade, Army of the Potomac

Fourth Sergeant B B Breazeale, 4th South Carolina Infantry, Company J

Fourth Sergeant B B Breazeale, 4th South Carolina Infantry, Company J

Fourth South Carolina Infantry

Mustered in Confederate service on 7 June, 1861, and arrived at Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 14 July, 1861. Stationed near the Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, on 21 July, 1861

COLONEL J E B SLOAN
Colonel J D Ashmore resigned between 15 and 20 April, 1861, and Lieutenant Colonel J E B Sloan was appointed colonel, 4th South Carolina Infantry, shortly afterwards. J E B Sloan was appointed lieutenant colonel, 4th South Carolina Infantry, on 16 February, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL C S MATTISON
Colonel C S Mattison, 4th South Carolina State Militia, was appointed major, 4th South Carolina Infantry, on 16 February, 1861, and lieutenant colonel between 15 and 20 April, 1861.

MAJOR J H WHITNER
Captain J H Whitner, Company B, was appointed major, 4th South Carolina Infantry, on 10 May, 1861.

Company A Butler Guards or Hoke's Rifle Company: CAPT. A D HOKE
The company was accepted in state service at Greenville District, South Carolina, on 5 January, 1861, and was mustered in state service as the 4th South Carolina Infantry, Company A, on 14 April, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by the Greenville & Columbia Railroad to Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, between 15 and 16 April, 1861, and proceeded by the Northeastern Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, on 6 May, 1861. The company was assigned to the 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Company B, at Richmond, Virginia, between 16 May and 24 June, 1861 (See the 2nd South Carolina Infantry).
Company B Palmetto Riflemen: CAPT. W W HUMPHREYS
The company was accepted in state service at Anderson Courthouse, Anderson District, South Carolina, under the command of Captain J H Whitner, on 3 January, 1861, and was mustered instate service on 14 April, 1861. Captain J H Whitner was appointed major, 4th South Carolina Infantry, on 10 May, 1861, and First Lieutenant W W Humphreys was appointed captain on 6 June, 1861. First Lieutenant W Earle was assigned to command the company at the first battle of Manassas on 21 July, 1861.
Company C Dean's Company: CAPT. J T DEAN
The company was accepted in state service at Anderson District, South Carolina, on 3 January, 1861, and was mustered instate service on 14 April, 1861.
Company D Piercetown Guards: CAPT. J LONG
The company was organised at Piercetown Community, Anderson District, South Carolina, on 3 January, 1861, and was mustered instate service on 14 April, 1861.
Company E Calhoun Mountaineers: CAPT. F W KILPATRICK
The compamy was accepted in state service at Fair Play, Anderson District, South Carolina, in January 1861 and was mustered instate service on 14 April, 1861.
Company F Tyger Volunteers or Poole's Infantry Company: CAPT. G P POOLE
The company was accepted in state service at Middle and South Forks on the Tyger River, Greenville District, South Carolina, in January 1861 and was mustered instate service on 14 April, 1861. Captain G Poole was mortally wounded at the first battle of Manassas on 21 July, 1861, and died at Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper, County, Virginia, on 31 July, 1861.
Company G Saludia Guards: CAPT. J G HAWTHORN
The company was accepted in state service at Greenville, Greenville District, South Carolina, in January 1861 and was mustered instate service on 14 April, 1861.
Company H (1st) Keowee Riflemen: CAPT. J W Livingston
The company was accepted in state service at Pickens District, South Carolina, in January 1861 and was mustered in Confederate service as the 1st South Carolina Rifles, Company A, on 20 July, 1861.
Company H (2nd) Twelve Mile Volunteers: CAPT. R Y H GRIFFIN
The company was accepted in state service at Twelve Mile Creek, Pickens District, South Carolina, on 11 January, 1861, and was mustered instate service on 14 April, 1861.
Company I Pickens Guards: CAPT. W W HOLLINGSWORTH
The company was accepted in state service at Pickensville, Pickens District, South Carolina, on 11 January, 1861, and was mustered instate service on 14 April, 1861.
Company J Confederate Guards: CAPT. W H ANDERSON
The company was accepted in state service at Anderson District, South Carolina, under the command of Captain J D Ashmore, on 3 January, 1861, and was mustered instate service on 14 April, 1861. Captain J D Ashmore was appointed colonel, 4th South Carolina Infantry, on 16 February, 1861, and First Lieutenant W H Anderson was appointed captain on 9 March, 1861.
Company K Fort Hill Guards: CAPT. J L SHANKLIN
The company was accepted in state service at Pendleton and Fork Township, Anderson District, South Carolina, on 3 January, 1861, and mustered in state service on 2 June, 1861.

Sumter or Calhoun Light Artillery

Capt. W R Calhoun

The Sumter or Calhoun Artillery, under the command of Captain W R Calhoun, was mustered in state sevice on 24 January, 1861, and was assigned to the 1st South Carolina Battalion Artillery, Company A, as part of the South Carolina Regular Army, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel R S Ripley, on 28 January, 1861. The Sumter or Calhoun Artillery and the Marine Artillery, 1st South Carolina Battalion Artillery, Company D, were ordered to Fort Sumter, Charleston Harbour, on 13 April, 1861.

Note: The Sumter or Calhoun Artillery was mustered in Confederate service at Fort Moultrie, Sullivan's Island, Charleston Harbour, on 18 May, 1861.

Fort Moultrie, Sullivan's Island, Charleston Harbour, to Manassas Junction, Virginia, 4 July-28 August, 1861: The Sumter or Calhoun Artillery was ordered to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 4 July, 1861, and was assigned six field pieces between 4 and 30 July, 1861. The company was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, on 30 July, 1861, and proceeded by the Virginia Central Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 28 August, 1861. The company was accompanied by the Baptist College Battalion Artillery, under the command of Captain T H Carter, and was assigned to the Third Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General D R Jones, in August 1861 (See the Third Brigade, Army of the Potomac).

Note: Captain W R Calhoun was appointed lieutenant colonel, 1st South Carolina Battalion Artillery, on 15 August, 1861, and was stationed near Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 1 January, 1862.

Star Artillery, October to December, 1861: Two field pieces of the Sumter or Calhoun Artillery were assigned to the Star Artillery, under the command of First Lieutenant F G Latham, 5th South Carolina Infantry, Company G, in October 1861 and the company was assigned to the 5th South Carolina Infantry between October and December 1861 (See the 5th South Carolina Infantry).

Baptist College Battalion Artillery

Capt. T H Carter

Unlettered Company King William Artillery: First Lt. P H Fontaine
The company was mustered in state service at King William County, Virginia, on 1 June, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service on 2 August, 1861.
Unlettered Company Henrico Light Artillery: Capt. A R Courtney
The company was mustered in Confederate service at Henrico County, Virginia, on 8 July, 1861.
Unlettered Company Sons of Fluvanna or Fluvanna Artillery No.1: Capt. W H Holman
The company was accepted in state service at Fluvanna County, Virginia, on 20 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service on 20 June, 1861. The company was assigned to the Reserve Artillery, under the command of Colonel W N Pendleton, on 14 January, 1862, and the Fluvanna Artillery No.1 and the Fluvanna Artillery No.2 were consolidated and redesignated the Fluvanna Artillery, under the command of Captain J L Massie, on 4 October, 1862.

The Baptist College Battalion Artillery was a temporarily organised at the Baptist College Artillery Barracks, Fush Hill, near Richmond, Virginia, in July 1861 and was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 28 August, 1861.

Note: The King William Artillery was assigned to Brigadier General D R Jones' Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, in August 1861; the Henrico Light Artillery to Brigadier General I R Trimble's Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, in August 1861; and the Fluvanna Artillery No.1 to Colonel W N Pendleton's Reserve Artillery, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, in August 1861 (See the 1st Rockbridge Artillery).

Sources

"The 4th Regiment of volunteers from the gallant Palmette State arrived in Richmond on Monday, the 17th inst."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 20 June, 1861 - South Carolina Volunteers

"Before the battle of First Manassas, the 4th Regiment was part of Jubal Early's Brigade, which consisted of the 13th Mississippi and the 24th and 7th Virginia Regiments."

South Carolina's military organisations during the War Between the States: The Upstate, by R S Seigler

South Carolina's military organisations during the War Between the States: Militia & reserves, by R S Seigler

Company J, Fourth South Carolina Infantry, at the first battle of Manassas, by B B Breazeale

South Carolina troops in Confederate service, Volume II, complied by A S Salley, Jr.

History of the Fourth Regiment South Carolina Volunteers, from the commencement of the war until Lee's surrender, by J W Reid

Notes

The 4th South Carolina Infantry was accepted in state service on 16 February, 1861, and was mustered in state service at Pendleton, Anderson District, South Carolina, on 14 April, 1861.

Anderson to Pendleton, Anderson County, South Carolina, 14-15 April, 1861: The 4th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to rendezvous at North Main Street, Anderson, Anderson District, South Carolina, on 14 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Blue Ridge Railroad to Pendleton, Anderson District, South Carolina, the same day.

Note: The Keowee Riflemen, under the command of Captain J W Livingston, was temporarily assigned to the 4th South Carolina Infantry, Company H (1st), in January 1861 and was mustered in Confederate service for three years as the 1st South Carolina Rifles, Company A, on 20 July 1861.

Pendleton, Anderson District, to Columbia, Richland County, South Carolina, 15 & 16 April, 1861: The 4th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Greenville & Columbia Railroad to Columbia, Richland County, South Carolina, on 15 and 16 April, 1861.

Note: The 4th South Carolina Infantry, Company A, was ordered to proceed by the Northeastern Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, on 6 May, 1861, and was assigned to the 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Company B, at Richmond, Virginia, between 16 May and 24 June, 1861 (See the 2nd South Carolina Infantry).

Columbia, Richland County, South Carolina, Company K, 2 June, 1861: The Fort Hill Guards was mustered in state service as the 4th South Carolina Infantry, Company K, at Camp O'Connell, near Columbia, Richland County, South Carolina, on 2 June, 1861.

Note: The 4th South Carolina Infantry was mustered in Confederate service at Camp O'Connell, near Columbia, Richland County, South Carolina, on 7 June, 1861.

Columbia, Richland County, South Carolina, to Richmond, Virginia, 15-17 June, 1861: The 4th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Northeastern Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, at 8 AM on 15 June, 1861, and arrived by the Alexandria, Richmond & Petersburg Railroad via Wilmington, New Hanover County, and Weldon, Halifax County, North Carolina, and Petersburg, Virginia, in the evening on 17 June, 1861.

Richmond to Manassas Junction, Virginia, 20-21 June, 1861: The 4th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, accompanied by Major N G Evans, on 20 June, 1861, and arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, via Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, on 21 June, 1861.

Note: The 4th South Carolina Infantry was assigned to the Sixth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Colonel J A Early, by General Orders No.20, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861 (See the Sixth Brigade, Army of the Potomac).

Manassas Junction to Gainesville, Prince William County, Virginia, 21 June 1861: The 4th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Manassas Gap Railroad to Gainesville, Prince William County, Virginia, on 22 June, 1861, and arrived the same day.

Gainesville, Prince William County, to Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, 22-23 June 1861: The 4th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.55, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 21 June, 1861, and proceeded to Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, in the morning on 22 June, 1861. The regiment was accompanied by Major N G Evans and arrived at Carter's Green, near Aldie, Loudoun County, Virginia, in the evening on 22 June, 1861. The 4th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, in the morning on 23 June, 1861, and arrived at Camp Caroline, near Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, the same day.

Note: Major N G Evans was assigned to command Loudoun County and the Potomac River between Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, and Drainesville, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 23 June, 1861, and the 4th South Carolina Infantry, Company J, was assigned to guard duty at Edwards Ferry, on the Potomac River, in June 1861.

Frying Pan Church, on the Old Ox Road, Fairfax County, Virginia, 10-11 July, 1861: The 4th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to Camp Tabor, near Frying Pan Church, on the Old Ox Road, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 10 July, 1861, and arrived on 11 July, 1861. The regiment was ordered to withdraw to Camp Holcomb, between Frying Pan Church, on the Old Ox Road, and Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 13 July, 1861.

Withdrawal to Stone Bridge, on Bull Run River, 17 July, 1861: The 4th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to withdraw to the Stone Bridge, on Bull Run River, on 17 July, 1861, and arrived in the evening the same day.

After the first battle of Manassas the 4th South Carolina Infantry was stationed near the Stone Bridge, on Bull Run River, in the evening on 21 July, 1861.

Stone Bridge, on Bull Run River, to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, 29-30 July, 1861: The 4th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 29 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Pettus, near Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 30 July, 1861.

Note: The 4th South Carolina Infantry was assigned to the Third Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, by Special Orders No.169, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 25 July, 1861.

Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, to Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, 12 August, 1861: The 4th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.218, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 10 August, 1861, and proceeded in the morning on 12 August, 1861. The regiment arrived at Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the afternoon the same day.

Organisation Seventh (Demi) Brigade, Army of the Potomac: The 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company A, was ordered to Camp Radford, near Frying Pan Church, on the Old Ox Road, Fairfax County, Virginia, in June 1861 (See Terry's Squadron Cavalry). The 1st Louisiana Special Battalion Infantry was ordered to Frying Pan Church, on the Old Ox Road, Fairfax County, Virginia, between 24 and 25 June, 1861, and was temporarily assigned to the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Colonel P St G Cocke (See the 1st Louisiana Special Battalion Infantry). The 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company I, was ordered to Frying Pan Church, on the Old Ox Road, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 2 July, 1861, and was assigned to Terry's Squadron Cavalry (See Terry's Squadron Cavalry). The 4th South Carolina Infantry, accompanied by Major N G Evans, was ordered to Frying Pan Church, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 10 July, 1861, and arrived on 11 July, 1861. Major N G Evans was assigned to command at Frying Pan Church, on the Old Ox Road, Fairfax County, Virginia, the same day and was ordered to report to Colonel P St G Cocke, stationed at Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, shortly afterwards (See the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac). Two 6 pounder smoothbores, under the command of First Lieutenant G H Davidson, Lynchburg Artillery, were assigned to Major N G Evans at the Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, on 18 July, 1861 (See the Lynchburg Artillery).

Reorganised near Yorktown, York County, Vithinia, 13th South Carolina Battalion Infantry: The 4th South Carolina Infantry was reorganised as the 13th South Carolina Battalion Infantry, also known as the 4th South Carolina Battalion Infantry, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel C S Mattison, near Yorktown, York County, Virginia, on 24 April, 1862.

Note: The 13th South Carolina Battalion Infantry was consolidated as two companies and was assigned to the Hampton Legion Infantry, Companies I and K, on 11 November, 1862 (See the Hampton Legion).

Major N G Evans, Seventh (Demi) Brigade, Army of the Potomac: Captain N G Evans, 2nd United States Cavalry, resigned at Camp Cooper, on the Brazos River, Texas, on 29 January, 1861, and proceeded to Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, shortly afterwards. He was appointed major and adjutant general, South Carolina Militia, by Governor F W Pickens on 27 February, 1861, and arrived at Cokesbury, Greenwood District, South Carolina, on 14 March, 1861. Major N G Evans was assigned as adjutant general on the staff of Brigadier General R G M Dunovant, South Carolina Army, on 28 March, 1861, and was ordered to Sullivan's Island, Charleston Harbour, on 9 April, 1861. He was on duty during the bombardment of Fort Sumter, Charleston Harbour, on 12 and 13 April, 1861, and was stationed at Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 16 May, 1861. Major N G Evans was appointed major, Confederate States Cavalry, at Charleston, Charleston district, South Carolina, on 20 May, 1861, and mustered the 7th South Carolina Infantry in Confederate service on 4 June, 1861 (See the 7th South Carolina Infantry). He was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, in June 1861 and accompanied the 4th South Carolina Infantry to Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 18 June, 1861. Major N G Evans arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction via Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, on 19 June, 1861, and was ordered to Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, on 22 June, 1861. He was accompanied by the 4th South Carolina Infantry and was assigned to command at Loudoun County and the Potomac River between Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, and Drainesville, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 23 June, 1861. Major N G Evans was ordered to Frying Pan Church, on the Old Ox Road, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 10 July, 1861, and was appointed colonel, Confederate States Army, on 26 July, 1861. Colonel N G Evans, Confederate States Army, was ordered to Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, on 11 August, 1861.

The 4th South Carolina Infantry was assigned to the Third Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General D R Jones, by Special Orders No.169, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, on 25 July, 1861.

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.111: Series I, Volume 2 (S# 2), Chapter IX, pp.560-562
Colonel J B E Sloan, Fourth South Carolina Infantry