The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Third Brigade, Army of the Potomac

Colonel M Jenkins

Colonel M Jenkins, commanding the 5th South Carolina Infantry

Fifth South Carolina Infantry

Mustered in Confederate service on 4 June, 1861, and arrived at Manassas Junction, Virginia,on 21 June, 1861. Stationed at McLean's Ford, Virginia, on 21 July, 1861

COLONEL M JENKINS

LIEUTENANT COLONEL G W H LEGG
Captain G W H Legg, Company F, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 5th South Carolina Infantry, on 18 February, 1861.

MAJOR W T THOMPSON

Company A Johnson Riflemen or Rifles: CAPT. J W GOSS
The company was organised at Unionville, Union District, South Carolina, in January 1861.
Company B King's Mountain Guard: CAPT. A JACKSON
The company was organised at York District, South Carolina, in January 1861.
Company C (1st) Batesville Volunteers: CAPT. J J BROWN
The company was organised at Spartanburg District, South Carolina, in January 1861 and declined Confederate service on 4 June, 1861. The company was disbanded shortly afterwards.
Company C (2nd) Lawson's Fork Volunteers: CAPT. R B SEAY
The company was organised at Spartanburg, Spartanburg District, South Carolina, on 17 January, 1861.
Company D Tyger River Volunteers or Goshen Hill Volunteers: CAPT. J R R GILES
The company was organised at Santuc and Goshen Hill, Union District, South Carolina, under the command of Captain J W Sartor, in January 1861 and was reoganised, under the command of Captain J R R Giles, on 25 May, 1861.
Company E Pea Ridge Volunteers: CAPT. W J T GLENN
The company was organised at Jonesville, Union District, South Carolina, on 6 January, 1861, and was ordered to Charleston, South Carolina, on 13 April, 1861. The company arrived at Charleston, South Carolina, on 15 April, 1861, and was ordered to Sullivan's Island, Charleston Harbour, on 19 April, 1861.
Company F Morgan Infantry or Light Infantry: CAPT. A H FOSTER
The company was organised at Spartanburg, Spartanburg District, South Carolina, under the command of Captain G W H Legg, on 10 May, 1856, and was reorganised, under the command of Captain A H Foster, on 25 May, 1861. Captain G W H Legg was appointed lieutenant colonel, 5th South Carolina Infantry, on 18 February, 1861. The company was ordered to Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, in the morning on 13 April, 1861.
Company G Pacolet Guards: CAPT. J Q CARPENTER
The company was organised at Spartanburg District, South Carolina, on 24 January, 1861.
Company H Catawba Light Infantry: CAPT. W J BOWEN
The Catawba Light Infantry was organised at York District, South Carolina, in January 1861.
Company I Jasper Light Infantry: CAPT. C A SEABROOK
The company was organised as the Jasper Rifle Guard at Yorkville, York District, South Carolina, under the command of Captain M Jenkins, on 12 September, 1859, and was redesignated the Jasper Light Infantry on 22 December, 1859. Captain M Jenkins was appointed colonel, 5th South Carolina Infantry, on 18 February, 1861, and First Lieutenant C A Seabrook was appointed captain on 2 March, 1861.
Company J Whyte Guards: CAPT. A E HUTCHISON
The company was organised at Rock Hill, York District, South Carolina, in January 1861 and declined Confederate service on 4 June, 1861. The company was disbanded shortly afterwards.
Company K Spartan Rifles: CAPT. J H WALKER
The company was organised at Spartanburg District, South Carolina, on 9 January, 1861.
Unlettered Company Star Artillery: FIRST LT. F G LATHAM
The company was organised with thirty or forty members of the 5th South Carolina Infantry, under the command of First Lieutenant F G Latham, 5th South Carolina Infantry, Company G, in October 1861 and was assigned two field pieces of the Sumter Artillery (See the Sumter Artillery). The company was disbanded between December 1861 and January 1862 .

Sources

"Two days later, Lieutenant Colonel George W H Legg, 5th South Carolina Infantry, wrote a letter to his local newspaper 'The Carolina Spartan' stating, "We will have it today. We have been entrenching ourselves all night. We are well fortified at McClean's Ford." Several days before the commencement of fighting, Confederate General P G T Beauregard ordered a "heavy" abatis about 200 yards in depth to be constructed on the western side of the Stone Bridge across the Run."

American Civil War fortifications No.2: Land and field fortifications, byRon Field and illustrated by Peter Dennis

South Carolina Volunteers in the Civil War: Fifth South Carolina Volunteers, Jenkins', in collaboration with W B Bynum, K R Johnson and H M Madaus with text and illustrations by R Field

South Carolina's military organisations during the War Between the States: The Upstate, by R S Seigler

Notes

The 5th South Carolina Infantry was authorised under the Act to provide an Armed Military Force on 17 December, 1860, for ten regiments of volunteers for twelve months state service and was received in state service at York, South Carolina, by Governor F W Pickens on 6 March, 1861.

Columbia, Richland District, to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, 13-15 April, 1861: The 5th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to rendezvous at Camp Calhoun, near the Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, on 13 April, 1861, and was mustered in state service by Lieutenant Colonel B E Bee, 1st South Carolina Regular Infantry, the same day (See the Third Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah). The regiment was ordered to proceed by the Columbia & South Carolina Railroad to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, at 5 AM on 15 April, 1861, and arrived in the evening the same day. The 5th South Carolina Infantry encamped at Camp Charleston, on the Ashley River, near Schutzenplatz, South Carolina, on 15 April, 1861.

Charleston, Charleston District, to Sullivan's Island, Charleston Harbour, 19 April, 1861: The 5th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to prceed by steamer Planter to Camp Beauregard, Sullivan's Island, Charleston Harbour, on 19 April, 1861, and was assigned to duty rebuilding Fort Moultrie and building defenses at Sullivan's Island, Charleston Harbour, between 3 and 22 May, 1861.

Sullivan's Island, Charleston Harbour, to Orangeburg Courthouse, Orangeburg District, South Carolina, 27 May, 1861: The 5th South Carolina Infantry was mustered in Confederate service for twelve months at Camp Davis, near Orangeburg Courthouse, Orangeburg District, South Carolina, by Lieutenant Colonel B E Bee on 4 June, 1861.

Note: The 5th South Carolina Infantry, Companies C (1st) and J, Captains J J Brown and A E Hutchinson, respectively, declined Confederate service on 4 June, 1861, and were disbanded shortly afterwards.

Orangeburg Courthouse, Orangeburg District, South Carolina, to Richmond, Virginia, 5-10 June, 1861: The 5th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Northeastern Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, on 5 June, 1861, and arrived by the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad via Wilmington, New Hanover County, and Weldon, Halifax County, North Carolina, and Petersburg, Virginia, on 10 June, 1861. The regiment encamped at Camp Davis, Howard's Grove, on the Mechanicsville Turnpike, near Richmond, Virginia, the same day.

Richmond to Manassas Junction, Virginia, 20-21 June, 1861: The 5th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Central Virginia Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861, and arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad via Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, on 21 June, 1861.

Camp Walker, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, near McLean's Ford, Virginia, 19 June, 1861: The 5th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to Camp Walker, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, near McLean's Ford, Virginia, and was ordered to McLean's Ford, Virginia, on 17 July, 1861.

Note: The 5th South Carolina Infantry was assigned to the Third Brigade, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General D R Jones, on 21 June, 1861, and Brigadier General D R Jones established Headquarters, Third Brigade, Army of the Potomac, at McLean's House, Yorkshire, on 17 July, 1861.

After the first battle of Manassas the 5th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 23 July, 1861, and was relieved by the Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, in the morning on 24 July, 1861 (See the Fourth Briagde, Army of the Shenandoah). The regiment was ordered to Camp Pettus, near Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 24 July, 1861, and was ordered to Germantown, Fauquier County, Virginia, on 12 August, 1861.

Reorganised, Yorktown, York County, Virginia, 23 April, 1862: The 5th South Carolina Infantry was reorganised at Yorktown, York County, Virginia, on 23 April, 1862.

Surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, 9 April, 1865: The 5th South Carolina Infantry, under the command of Colonel A Coward, surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, on 9 April, 1865.

Brigadier General D R Jones, Third Brigade, Army of the Potomac: Brevet Captain D R Jones, assistant adjutant general, United States Army, resigned on 15 February, 1861, and was appointed major and chief of staff to Brigadier General P G T Beauregard at Fort Sumter, Charleston Harbour, in April 1861. Major D R Jones, was appointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, on 17 June, 1861, and was assigned to command the Third Brigade, Army of the Potomac, on 20 June, 1861.

On 25 July 1861, the Army of the Potomac was reorganised and the 5th South Carolina Infantry was assigned to the Third Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General D R Jones.

Report

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.99: Series I, Volume 2 (S# 2), Chapter IX, pp. 541-543
Colonel M Jenkins, Fifth South Carolina Infantry