The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Third Brigade, Army of the Potomac

Colonel M Jenkins, 5th South Carolina Infantry

Colonel M Jenkins, 5th South Carolina Infantry

Fifth South Carolina Infantry

Mustered in Confederate service on 4 June, 1861, and arrived at Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 21 June, 1861. Stationed at McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, on 21 July, 1861

COLONEL M JENKINS
Captain M Jenkins, 5th South Carolina Infantry, Company I, was appointed colonel, 5th South Carolina Infantry, on 18 February, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL G W H LEGG
Captain G W H Legg, 5th South Carolina Infantry, Company F, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 5th South Carolina Infantry, on 18 February, 1861.

MAJOR W T THOMPSON

Company A Johnson Riflemen or Rifles: CAPT. J W GOSS
The company was mustered in state service at Union Courthouse, Union District, South Carolina, for one year on 13 April, 1861.
Company B King's Mountain Guards: CAPT. A JACKSON
The company was mustered in state service at Yorkville, York District, South Carolina, for one year on 13 April, 1861.
Company C (1st) Batesville Volunteers: CAPT. J J BROWN
The company was mustered in state service at Spartanburg District, South Carolina, for one year on 13 April, 1861, and declined Confederate service for one year at Orangeburg Courthouse, Orangeburg District, South Carolina, on 4 June, 1861.
Company C (2nd) Lawson's Fork Volunteers: CAPT. R B SEAY
The company was accepted in state service at Spartanburg, Spartanburg District, South Carolina, on 17 January, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year on 13 April, 1861.
Company D Tyger River Volunteers or Goshen Hill Volunteers: CAPT. J R R GILES
The company was mustered in state service at Santuc and Goshen Hill, Union District, South Carolina, under the command of Captain J W Sartor, on 13 April, 1861, and First Lieutenant J R R Giles, 5th South Carolina Infantry, Company D, was appointed captain, 5th South Carolina Infantry, Company D, on 25 May, 1861.
Company E Pea Ridge Volunteers: CAPT. W J T GLENN
The company was accepted in state service at Jonesville, Union District, South Carolina, on 6 January, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year on 13 April, 1861. The company was ordered to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, the same day and arrived on 15 April, 1861. The company was ordered to Sullivan's Island, Charleston Harbour, on 19 April, 1861.
Company F Morgan Infantry or Light Infantry: CAPT. A H FOSTER
The company was mustered in state service at Spartanburg, Spartanburg District, South Carolina, for one year on 13 April, 1861, and Captain G W H Legg, 5th South Carolina Infantry, Company F, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 5th South Carolina Infantry, on 18 February, 1861, and Second Sergeant A H Foster, 5th South Carolina Infantry, Company F, was appointed captain, 5th South Carolina Infantry, Company F, on 25 May, 1861.
Company G Pacolet Guards: CAPT. J Q CARPENTER
The company was accepted in state service at White Plains, Spartanburg District, South Carolina, on 24 January, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year on 13 April, 1861.
Company H Catawba Light Infantry: CAPT. W J BOWEN
The company was mustered in state service at York, York District, South Carolina, for one year on 13 April, 1861.
Company I Jasper Light Infantry: CAPT. C A SEABROOK
The company was mustered in state service at Yorkville, York District, South Carolina, for one year on 13 April, 1861, and Captain M Jenkins and First Lieutenant C A Seabrook, 5th South Carolina Infantry, Company I, was appointed colonel, 5th South Carolina Infantry, and captain, 5th South Carolina Infantry, Company I, respectively, on 18 February, 1861.
Company J Whyte Guards: CAPT. A E HUTCHISON
The company was mustered in state service at Rock Hill, York District, South Carolina, for one year on 13 April, 1861, and declined Confederate service for one year at Orangeburg Courthouse, Orangeburg District, South Carolina, on 4 June, 1861.
Company K Spartan Rifles: CAPT. J WALKER
The company was accepted in state service at Spartanburg, Spartanburg District, South Carolina, on 9 January, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year on 13 April, 1861.
Star Artillery: FIRST LT. F G LATHAM
The company was organised with thirty to forty men of the 5th South Carolina Infantry, under the command of First Lieutenant F G Latham, 5th South Carolina Infantry, Company G, in October 1861 and was assigned two field pieces of the Sumter Artillery (See the 4th South Carolina Infantry). The company was disbanded between December 1861 and January 1862 .

Sources

"Two days later, Lieutenant Colonel George W H Legg, 5th South Carolina Infantry, wrote a letter to his local newspaper 'The Carolina Spartan' stating, "We will have it today. We have been entrenching ourselves all night. We are well fortified at McClean's Ford." Several days before the commencement of fighting, Confederate General P G T Beauregard ordered a "heavy" abatis about 200 yards in depth to be constructed on the western side of the Stone Bridge across the Run."

American Civil War fortifications No.2: Land and field fortifications, by Ron Field and illustrated by Peter Dennis

South Carolina Volunteers in the Civil War: Fifth South Carolina Volunteers, Jenkins', in collaboration with W B Bynum, K R Johnson and H M Madaus with text and illustrations by R Field

South Carolina's military organisations during the War Between the States: The Upstate, by R S Seigler

Notes

The 5th South Carolina Infantry was accepted in state service on 18 February, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year on 13 April, 1861. The regiment arrived by the South Carolina and Union & Spartenburg Railroads at Camp Calhoun, near the Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, the same day.

Columbia, Richland District, to Schutzenplatz, near Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, 15 April, 1861: The 5th South Carolina Infantry was stationed at Camp Calhoun, near the Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, on 13 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Columbia & South Carolina Railroad to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, at 5 AM on 15 April, 1861. The regiment arrived at Camp Charleston, on the Ashley River, Schutzenplatz, near Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, in the evening the same day.

Schutzenplatz, near Charleston, to Sullivan's Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, 19 April, 1861: The 5th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to proceed by the steamer Planter to Sullivan's Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 19 April, 1861.

Orangeburg Courthouse, Orangeburg District, South Carolina, 3 & 4 June, 1861: The 5th South Carolina Infantry was on furlough between 28 May and 3 June, 1861, and was ordered to rendezvous on the Edisto River, near Orangeburg Courthouse, Orangeburg District, South Carolina, on 3 June, 1861. The regiment arrived at Camp Davis, on the Edisto River, near Orangeburg Courthouse, Orangeburg District, South Carolina, on 4 June, 1861.

Mustered in one year, Orangeburg Courthouse, Orangeburg District, South Carolina, 4 June, 1861: The 5th South Carolina Infantry was mustered in Confederate service for one year at Orangeburg Courthouse, Orangeburg District, South Carolina, on 4 June, 1861.

Note: The 5th South Carolina Infantry, Companies C (1st) and J, under the command of Captains J J Brown and A E Hutchinson, respectively, declined Confederate service on 4 June, 1861, and were disbanded shortly afterwards.

Orangeburg Courthouse, Orangeburg District, South Carolina, to Richmond, Virginia, 5-10 June, 1861: The 5th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Northeastern Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, on 5 June, 1861, and arrived by the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad at Camp Davis, Howard's Grove, on the Mechanicsville Turnpike, near Richmond, via Wilmington, New Hanover County, and Weldon, Halifax County, North Carolina, and Petersburg, Virginia, on 10 June, 1861.

Richmond to Manassas Junction, Virginia, 18-19 June, 1861: The 5th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.73, Paragraph VII, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861, and proceeded by the Central Virginia Railroad on 18 June, 1861. The regiment arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, via Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, on 19 June, 1861.

Note: Colonel M Jenkins, 5th South Carolina Infantry, was assigned to command Camp Walker, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, near McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, by Special Orders No.46, Paragraph III, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 19 June, 1861, and the 5th South Carolina Infantry was assigned to the Third Brigade, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General D R Jones, by General Orders No.20, Paragraph III, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, on 20 June, 1861.

Manassas Junction, Virginia, to Camp Walker, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, near McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 21 June, 1861: The 5th South Carolina Infantry was ordered near McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, by Special Orders No.46, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 19 June, 1861, and arrived at Camp Walker, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, near McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, on 21 June, 1861.

Camp Walker, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, to McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 17 July, 1861: The 5th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, on 17 July, 1861.

After the first battle of Manassas the 5th South Carolina Infantry was stationed at McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the evening on 21 July, 1861.

McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, to Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, 23 July, 1861: The 5th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 23 July, 1861, and arrived the same day.

The 5th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to the Union Mills & Centreville Road, between the Braddock Road and Union Mills Ford, on the Bull Run River, by Special Orders No.146, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 22 July, 1861.

Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, to Union Mills & Centreville Road, between the Braddock Road & Union Mills Ford, on the Bull Run River, 24 July, 1861: The 5th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to the Union Mills & Centreville Road, between the Braddock Road and Union Mills Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the morning on 24 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Pettus, near the Union Mills & Centreville Road, between the Braddock Road and Union Mills Ford, on the Bull Run River, the same day.

Note: The 5th South Carolina Infantry was assigned to the Third Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General D R Jones, by Special Orders No.169, Paragraph I, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, on 25 July, 1861.

Organisation of Third Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, 25 July, 1861: 4th South Carolina Infantry, 5th South Carolina Infantry, 6th South Carolina Infantry, 9th South Carolina Infantry

Union Mills & Centreville Road, between the Braddock Road & Union Mills Ford, on the Bull Run River, to Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, 12 August, 1861: The 5th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.218, Paragragh I, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 10 August, 1861, and proceeded in the morning on 12 August, 1861. The regiment arrived at Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the afternoon the same day.

Reorganised near Yorktown, York County, Virginia, 23 April, 1862: The 5th South Carolina Infantry was reorganised near Yorktown, York County, Virginia, on 23 April, 1862.

Surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, 9 April, 1865: The 5th South Carolina Infantry, under the command of Colonel A Coward, surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, on 9 April, 1865.

Brigadier General D R Jones, Confederate States Army, Third Brigade, Army of the Potomac: Brevet Captain & Assistant Adjutant General D R Jones, United States Army, resigned on 15 February, 1861, and was appointed captain and assistant adjutant general, Confederate States Army, on 6 March, 1861. Captain & Assistant Adjutant General D R Jones, Confederate States Army, was assigned to Brigadier General P G T Beauregard, Confederate States Army, at Charleston Harbour between 11 and 31 March, 1861, and was appointed major and assistant adjutant and inspector general, Confederate States Army, on 29 March, 1861, dated 16 March, 1861. Major & Acting Adjutant General D R Jones, Confederate States Army, was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 28 May, 1861, and arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 3 June, 1861. He was appointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, on 17 June, 1861, and was assigned to command the Third Brigade, Army of the Potomac, on 20 June, 1861.

Note: Captain & Assistant Adjutant General D R Jones, Confederate States Army, was appointed major and assistant adjutant and inspector general, Confederate States Army, between 29 March and 30 April, 1861.

The 5th South Carolina Infantry was assigned to the Third Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General D R Jones, by Special Orders No.169, Paragraph I, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, on 25 July, 1861.

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.99: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp541-543
Colonel M Jenkins, Fifth South Carolina Infantry, dated McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, on 22 July, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.96: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp537-539
Brigadier General D R Jones, Third Brigade, Army of the Potomac, dated near McLean’s Ford, on the Bull Run River, 23 July, 1861