The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah

Colonel S B GibbonsColonel S B Gibbons, 10th Virginia Infantry

Tenth Virginia Infantry

Mustered in Confederate service for one year dated 1 July, 1861. Arrived at Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, 21 July, 1861

COLONEL S B GIBBONS
Captain S B Gibbons, Harrison Valley Guards, was appointed colonel, 4th Virginia Militia or State Troops, at Mount Jackson, Shenandoah County, Virginia, on 18 April, 1861, and colonel, Provisional Army of Virginia, at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 17 May, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL E T H WARREN
First Lieutenant E T H Warren, Harrison Valley Guards, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 4th Virginia Militia or State Troops, at Mount Jackson, Shenandoah County, Virginia, on 18 April, 1861, and lieutenant colonel, Provisional Army of Virginia, at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 17 May, 1861.

MAJOR S T WALKER
S T Walker was appointed major, Provisional Army of Virginia, at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 17 May, 1861.

Company A Strasburg Guards: CAPT. J STOVER
The company was accepted in state service at Strasburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia, on 18 April, 1861.
Company B Rockingham Rifles: CAPT. J KENNEY
The company was accepted in state service at Harrisonburg, Rockingham County, Virginia, on 18 April, 1861.
Company C (1st) Southern Greys: CAPT. J N SWANN
The company was accepted in state service at Edinburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia, on 18 April, 1861, and was disbanded and a detachment (39) assigned to the 10th Virginia Infantry, Company F, on 18 April, 1862.
Company C (2nd) Mauck's Company: CAPT. R C MAUCK
The company was mustered in state service as the 146th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County), Company F, at Harrisonburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia, on 4 July, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for two years on 10 April, 1862. The company was assigned to the 10th Virginia Infantry, Company C (2nd), at Conrad's Store, on Elk Run Creek, Rockingham County, Virginia, on 23 April, 1862 (See the Virginia Militia).
Company D Bridgewater Greys: CAPT. J S BROWN
The company was accepted in state service at Bridgewater, Rockingham County, Virginia, on 18 April, 1861, dated 29 April, 1861.
Company E Peaked Mountain Greys: CAPT. W B YANCEY
The company was accepted in state service at McGaheysville, Rockingham County, Virginia, on 18 April, 1861, and was mustered in state service at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, by Colonel T J Jackson, Provisional Army of Virginia, Virginia, on 3 May, 1861.
Company F Muhlenberg Rifles: CAPT. S C WILLIAMS
The company was accepted in state service at Woodstock, Shenandoah County, Virginia, under the command of First Lieutenant J L Campbell on 18 April, 1861, and was mustered in state service at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, by Colonel T J Jackson, Provisional Army of Virginia, Virginia, on 3 May, 1861. First Lieutenant J L Campbell, 10th Virginia Infantry, Company F, was assigned to command the company at the first battle of Manassas on 21 July, 1861, and was appointed captain, 10th Virginia Infantry, Company F, at Camp Blair, north of the Orange & Alexandria Railroad and 400 yards east of Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 22 August, 1861.
Company G Valley Guards: CAPT. C A SPRINKEL
The company was accepted in state service at Harrisonburg, Rockingham County, Virginia, on 18 April, 1861, and Captain C A Sprinkel, 10th Virginia Infantry, Company G, was absent without leave on 23 July, 1861. His resignation was accepted on 3 November, 1861.
Company H Chrisman's Infantry: CAPT. G CHRISMAN
The company was accepted in state service at Harrisonburg, Rockingham County, Virginia, on 18 April, 1861, and was mustered in state service at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, by Colonel T J Jackson, Provisional Army of Virginia, Virginia, on 3 May, 1861.
Company I Riverton Invincibles/ Elk Run Greys: CAPT. W D C COVINGTON
The company was accepted in state service at Conrad's Store, on Elk Run Creek, and Covington, Rockingham County, Virginia, on 18 April, 1861, and was mustered in state service at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, by Colonel T J Jackson, Provisional Army of Virginia, Virginia, on 3 May, 1861.
Company K Page Volunteers: CAPT. W T YOUNG
The company was accepted in state service at Luray, Page County, Virginia, on 2 June, 1861, and was assigned to the 10th Virginia Infantry, Company K, at Camp Johnston, in the vicinity of J M Mason's/ Selma, half a mile west of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 23 June, 1861.
Company L Jeff Davis Guards: CAPT. E F Blankenbeker
A detachment of the 82nd Virginia Militia (Madison County), Companies A, B, C, and D, was mustered in state/ Confederate service for one year at Camp Johnson, C George's, northwest of Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, on 12 August, 1861, and F F Blankenbeker was appointed major, 82nd Virginia Militia (Madison County), between 17 July and 13 August, 1861. The company was assigned to the 10th Virginia Infantry, Company L, at Standardsville, Greene County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.90, Adjutant & Inspecter General's Office, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 19 April, 1862 (See the Virginia Militia Battalion).
Unlettered Company Tenth Legion Minutemen : CAPT. J Gatewood
The company was accepted in state service at Woodstock, Shenandoah County, Virginia, on 29 April/3 June, 1861, and was assigned to the 10th Virginia Infantry at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 7 June, 1861. The company was assigned to the 33rd Virginia Infantry, Company C, at Camp Johnston, on the Northwestern Turnpike, J M Mason's/ Selma, half a mile west of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 26 June, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for one year at Camp E K Smith, Hollingsworth's Mill, on Abra(ha)ms Creek, west of the Valley Turnpike, half a mile southwest of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 12 July, 1861 (See the 33rd Virginia Infantry).
Unlettered Company Letcher Brock's Gap Rifles : CAPT. J Q Winfield
The company was accepted in state service at Cootes' Store, one mile southeast of Brock's Gap, Rockingham County, Virginia, on 17 April, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Maryland, on 5 May/1 June, 1861. The company was assigned to the 10th Virginia Infantry at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 11 June, 1861, and to the 7th Virginia Cavalry, Company B (2nd), at Hanging Rock, Hampshire County, Virginia, on 21 June, 1861. Private J C Shoup, 7th Virginia Cavalry, Company B (2nd), was appointed captain, 7th Virginia Cavalry, Company H (2nd), on 7 May, 1862 (See the 7th Virginia Cavalry).
Band: Band Ldr. C ESCHMAN
The band included ten musicians and a chief musician and was probably disbanded in 1864.

Organisation of 10th Virginia Infantry at the first battle of Manassas on 21 July, 1861: Colonel S B Gibbons, Lieutenant Colonel E T H Warren, Major T Walker; Company A, Strasburg Guards, Captain J Stover; Company B, Rockingham Rifles, Captain J Kenney; Company C (1st), Southern Guards, Captain J N Swann; Company D, Bridgewater Greys, Captain J S Brown; Company E, Peaked Mountain Greys, Captain W B Yancey; Company F, Muhlenberg Rifles, Captain S C Williams*; Company G, Valley Guards, Captain C A Sprinkel; Company H, Chrisman's Infantry, Captain G Chrisman; Company I, Riverton Invincibles/ Elk Run Greys, Captain W D C Covington; Company K, Page Volunteers, Captain W T Young

*Not present at the first battle of Manassas on 21 July, 1861

Sources

"Last night we sent off the Valley Guards, Capt. Sprinkel, 75 men; the Rockingham Rifles, 108 men, Capt. Kenney To-day the balance of the Volunteer Regiment, composed of the Bridgewater Grays, Capt. Brown; the Elk Run Grays, Capt. Covington; the Peaked Mountain Grays, Capt. Yancey; the Letcher Brock's Gap Rifles, Capt. Winfield; Chisman's Infantry, Capt. Chisman. Tomorrow the Battalion of Cavalry, under Maj. Patterson - Harrisonburg Cavalry, 100 men; Mt. Crawford Cavalry, full company; the Union Cavalry, large company; the McGaheysville Cavalry."

Richmond Daily Dispatch (Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia), 22 April, 1861 - Harrisonburg, Virginia, 19 April, 1861

"On Thursday the Muhlenburg Rifles, Strasburg Greys, and Southern Greys, three companies, from Shenandoah, were added to the Rockingham Regiment."

Alexandria Gazette (Alexandria, Alexandria County, Virginia), 11 May, 1861 - Interesting from Harper's Ferry

"This morning ninety-six gallant and chivalrous looking volunteers from Luray, Page County, under the command of Capt. Young, left in the cars, and Capt, F. W. M. Holliday's Rifle Mountain Rangers will leave in a few days."

Richmond Daily Dispatch (Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia), 8 June, 1861 - From Winchester, Va., 4 June, 1861

Books/ Manuscripts

The Virginia Regimental Histories Series, Tenth Virginia Infantry, by Terrence V. Murphy

Supplement to the Official Records: Part II, Record of Events, Volume 71, Serial No.83: Record of events for Tenth Virginia Infantry, May 1861-January 1865, edited by James B Hewett

Diary of a soldier of the Stonewall Brigade, first year of the war, Shenandoah Herald, by John H. Grabill

Very complete roll of Company F, Tenth Virginia Regiment, or the Muhlenburg Rifles. Organisation of the command. The history od most of it's members traced. The living and the dead. Notes: Southern Historical Society Papers Volume XXVIII, pp115-124, Woodstock, Va., 8 September, 1900, from the Richmond Daily Dispatch (Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia), 16th September, 1900

A guide to Virginia military organisations 1861-1865, Revised Second Edition by I A Wallace, Jr.

Notes

The 10th Virginia Infantry was organised at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 17 May, 1861.

Note: The Rockingham Rifles, the Valley Guards, the Elk Run Greys, the Bridgewater Greys, Chrisman's Infantry, the Peaked Mountain Greys, and the Letcher Brock's Gap Rifles were assigned to the 4th Virginia State Troops, under the command of Colonel S B Gibbons, at Mount Jackson, Shenandoah County, Virginia, on 18 April, 1861.

Harrisonburg, Rockingham County to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, Companies B & G, 18-20 April, 1861: The Valley Guards and the Rockingham Rifles were ordered to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the evening on 18 April, 1861, and arrived at Mount Jackson, Shenandoah County, Virginia, on 19 April, 1861. The Valley Guards and the Rockingham Rifles were ordered to proceed by the Manassas Gap Railroad to Strasburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia, in the morning the same day and arrived at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 19 April, 1861. The Harrison Valley Guards and the Rockingham Rifles arrived by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 20 April, 1861.

Harrisonburg, Rockingham County to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, Companies D, E, H, & I, 19-21 April, 1861: The Bridgewater Greys, the Peaked Mountain Greys, Chrisman's Infantry, and the Riverton Invincibles/ Elk Run Greys, were ordered to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 19 April, 1861, and were accompanied by the Letcher Brock's Gap Rifles. The Bridgewater Greys, the Peaked Mountain Greys, Chrisman's Infantry, and the Riverton Invincibles/ Elk Run Greys, arrived at Mount Jackson, Shenandoah County, Virginia, on 19 April, 1861, and were ordered to proceed by the Manassas Gap Railroad to Strasburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia, in the morning on 20 April, 1861. The Bridgewater Greys, the Peaked Mountain Greys, Chrisman's Infantry, and the Riverton Invincibles/ Elk Run Greys, arrived by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 21 April, 1861.

Note: J Q Winfield was appointed captain, Letcher Brock's Gap Rifles, 16th Virginia Militia (Rockingham county), Seventh Brigade, Third Division, Virginia Militia, on 21 January, 1860, and the Letcher Brock's Gap Rifles arrived y the Winchester & Potomac Railroad at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 21 April, 1861 (See the 7th Virginia Cavalry).

Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, Companies A, B, C (1st), D, E, F, G, H, & I, 23 April, 1861: The Strasburg Guards, the Rockingham Rifles, the Southern Greys, the Bridgewater Greys, the Peaked Mountain Greys, the Muhlenberg Rifles, the Harrison Valley Guards, Chrisman's Infantry, the Riverton Invincibles/ Elk Run Greys, and the Letcher Brock's Gap Rifles were stationed at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, under the command of Major General K Harper, Fifth Division, Virginia Militia, on 23 April, 1861.

Note: The Strasburg Guards, the Southern Greys, and the Muhlenberg Rifles were assigned to the 10th Virginia Infantry, Companies A, C (1st), and F, respectively, on 2 May, 1861.

Mustered for one year, Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, Companies D, E, & F, 3 May, 1861: The 10th Virginia Infantry, Companies D, E, and F, were mustered in state service for one year at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, by Colonel T J Jackson, Provisional Army of Virginia, Virginia, on 3 May, 1861.

Troops stationed at Point of Rocks, Frederick County, Maryland, 20 May, 1861: Captain T Ashby, Fauquier Mountain Rangers; Fauquier Mountain Rangers, First Lieutennat R Ashby (See the 7th Virginia Cavalry); Loudoun Light Horse, Captain R W Carter (See the 1st Virginia Cavalry); Letcher Brock's Gap Rifles, Captain J Q Winfield; Baltimore Rifles, Captain C C Edelin (See the 1st Maryland Infantry); Frederick Volunteers, Captain B T Johnson (See the 1st Maryland Infantry); section of the Staunton Artillery, Captain J D Imboden (See the Staunton Artillery); Loudoun Artillery, Captain A L Rogers (See the Loudoun Artillery)

Note: The Letcher Brock's Gap Rifles was stationed at the Covered/ Leesburg Bridge, on the Potomac River, opposite Point of Rocks, Frederick County, Maryland, under the command of Captain T Ashby, Fauquier Mountain Rangers, in the evening on 19 May, 1861, and was assigned to the 10th Virginia Infantry at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 11 June, 1861.

Troops stationed at & in the vicinity of Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, 23 May, 1861: 2nd Virginia Infantry, Colonel J W Allen; 4th Virginia Infantry, Colonel J F Preston; 5th Virginia Infantry, Colonel K Harper; 10th Virginia Infantry, Colonel S B Gibbons; 13th Virginia Infantry, Colonel A P Hill; 2nd Mississippi Infantry, Colonel W C Falkner; 11th Mississippi Infantry, Colonel W H Moore; 4th Alabama Infantry, Colonel E J Jones; 1st Maryland Infantry, Companies A, B, C (1st), D, D, F (1st), G, and H (1st), Captain G H Steuart, cavalry, Confederate States Army; 1st Kentucky Battalion Infantry, Companies A, B, C, and D, Major H B Duncan; 2nd Kentucky Battalion Sharpshooters, Companies A and B, Acting Major & Captain J D Pope, Bustard Guards; 1st Virginia Cavalry, Companies A, B, C, D, E, F, G (1st), and H, Lieutenant Colonel J E B Stuart; 1st Rockbridge Artillery, Captain W N Pendelton; Wise Arillery, Captain E G Alburtis; Newtown Artillery, Captain G A Groves; Staunton Artillery, Captain J D Imboden

Luray, Page County, to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, Company K, 2-4 June, 1861: The Page Volunteers arrived at Winchester, Frederick County, on 3 June, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the morning on 4 June, 1861.

Note: The Tenth Legion Minutemen, under the command of Captain J Gatewood, was ordered to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 5 AM on 6 June, 1861, and arrived at 12 PM on 7 June, 1861. The company was assigned to the 10th Virginia Infantry between 7 and 25 June, 1861.

General Orders No.25, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, 8 June, 1861: The 10th Virginia Infantry was assigned to the Confederate States by General Orders No.25, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 8 June, 1861, and was accepted in Confederate service on 1 July, 1861.

Organisation of 10th Virginia Infantry, Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, 11 June, 1861: Colonel S B Gibbons, Lieutenant Colonel E T H Warren, Major T Walker; Company A, Strasburg Guards, Captain J Stover; Company B, Rockingham Rifles, Captain J Kenney; Company C (1st), Southern Guards, Captain J N Swann; Company D, Bridgewater Greys, Captain J S Brown; Company E, Peaked Mountain Greys, Captain W B Yancey; Company F, Muhlenberg Rifles, Captain S C Williams; Company G, Valley Guards, Captain C A Sprinkel; Company H, Chrisman's Infantry, Captain G Chrisman; Company I, Riverton Invincibles/ Elk Run Greys, Captain W D C Covington; Company K, Riverton Invincibles/ Elk Run Greys, Captain W D C Covington; Unlettered Company, Tenth Legion Minutemen, Captain J Gatewood; Unlettered Company, Letcher Brock's Gap Rifles, Captain J Q Winfield

Harpers, Jefferson County, to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 13 June, 1861: The 10th Virginia Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, under the command of Colonel A P Hill, 13th Virginia Infantry, in the morning on 13 June, 1861, and was accompanied by the 13th Virginia Infantry. The regiment arrived at the Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, one mile northwest of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 6 PM on 13 June, 1861 (See the 13th Virginia Infantry).

Note: The 3rd Tennessee Infantry arrived by the Valley Turnpike at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 13 June, 1861, and the 10th Virginia Infantry was stationed at the Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, one mile northwest of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, between 13 and 16 June, 1861 (See the 3rd Tennessee Infantry).

Occupation of Romney, 18-21 June, 1861

The 10th Virginia Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Northwestern Turnpike to Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, under the command of Colonel A P Hill, 13th Virginia Infantry, at 4 AM on 17 June, 1861, and was accompanied by the 13th Virginia Infantry and the 3rd Tennessee Infantry. The regiment arrived at Hanging Rock/ Blue's Gap, Hampshire County, Virginia, in the evening on 17 June, 1861.

Hanging Rock/ Blue's Gap to Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, 18 June, 1861: The 10th Virginia Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Northwestern Turnpike to Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, in the morning on 18 June, 1861, and arrived at Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, at 11 AM the same day.

Note: The Potomac Guards, the Independent/ Hardy Greys, and the Hampshire Riflemen were stationed at Parks' Valley, two and a half miles west of Capon Bridge, Hampshire County, Virginia, between 13 and 19 June, 1861, and were assigned to Lee's Battalion Infantry, under the command of Captain W H F Lee, infantry, Provisional Army of Virginia, at Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, between 19 and 21 June, 1861 (See the 33rd Virginia Infantry).

Hanging Rock/ Blue's Gap, Hampshire County, Virginia, Letcher Brock's Gap Rifles, 19-22 June, 1861: The Letcher Brock's Gap Rifles was ordered to Hanging Rock/ Blue's Gap, Hampshire County, Virginia, in the morning on 19 June, 1861, and Captain J Q Winfield, Letcher Brock's Gap Rifles, was assigned to command the Letcher Brock's Gap Rifles and another company at Hanging Rock, Hampshire County, Virginia, between 19 and 22 June, 1861.

Note: The Letcher Brock's Gap Rifles was assigned to the 7th Virginia Cavalry, Company, B (2nd), at Hanging Rock/ Blue's Gap, Hampshire County, Virginia, on 21 June, 1861, and was ordered to Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 22 June, 1861 (See the 7th Virginia Cavalry).

Romney, Hampshire County, to Neal's Dam, Opequon Creek, on two miles west of Kernstown, Frederick County, Virginia, 21-24 June, 1861: The 10th Virginia Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Northwestern Turnpike to Hanging Rock/ Blue's Gap, Hampshire County, Virginia, under the command of Colonel A P Hill, 13th Virginia Infantry, on 21 June, 1861, and was accompanied by the 3rd Tennessee Infantry, the 13th Virginia Infantry, and Lee's Battalion Infantry. The regiment arrived at Hanging Rock/ Blue's Gap, Hampshire County, Virginia, on 21 June, 1861, and was ordered to Capon Bridge, Hampshire County, Virginia, at 3 PM on 22 June, 1861. The 10th Virginia Infantry was ordered to Hogue Creek, west of Lockhart's Gap, Frederick County, Virginia, at 2 AM on 23 June, 1861, and arrived at 7 PM the same day. The regiment was ordered to Neal's Dam, on Opequon Creek, two miles west of Kernstown, Frederick County, Virginia, at 7 AM on 24 June, 1861, and arrived at 1 PM the same day. The 10th Virginia Infantry was stationed at Neal's Dam, on Opequon Creek, two miles west of Kernstown, Frederick County, Virginia, between 24 and 27/28 June, 1861.

Note: The 10th Virginia Infantry was assigned to the Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, under the command of Colonel A Elzey/ Jones, Jr., 1st Maryland Infantry, at Neal's Dam, on Opequon Creek, two miles west of Kernstown, Frederick County, Virginia, on 24 June, 1861 (See the 1st Maryland Infantry).

Neal's Dam, on Opequon Creek, two miles west of Kernstown, to J M Mason's/ Selma, half a mile west of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 27/28 June, 1861: The 10th Virginia Infantry was ordered to J M Mason's/ Selma, half a mile west of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 27/28 June, 1861, and was stationed at Camp Johnston, on the Northwestern Turnpike, J M Mason's/ Selma, half a mile west of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, between 27/28 June and 2 July, 1861.

Note: The Tenth Legion Minutemen was assigned to the 33rd Virginia Infantry, Company C, at Neal's Dam, on Opequon CreekFrederick County, Virginia, on 26 June, 1861, and was ordered opposite Dr H H McGuire's, on Braddock Street, Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 27/28 June, 1861 (See the 33rd Virginia Infantry).

Furloughs at Camp Johnston, on the Northwestern Turnpike, J M Mason's/ Selma, half a mile west of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 28 June-2 July, 1861: Captain J Stover, 10th Virginia Infantry, Company A, was on furlough between 29 and 30 June, 1861; Captain J N Swann, 10th Virginia Infantry, Company C (1st), between 29 June and 1 July, 1861; Captain J S Brown, 10th Virginia Infantry, Company D, between 28 June and 2 July, 1861.

Camp Johnston, on the Northwestern Turnpike, J M Mason's/ Selma, half a mile west of Winchester, Frederick County, to Darkesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, 2-3 July, 1861: The 10th Virginia Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Martinsburg Turnpike to Darkesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, on 2 July, 1861, and arrived via Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 10 AM on 3 July, 1861.

Darkesville, Berkeley County, to J M Mason's /Selma, half a mile west of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 7 July, 1861: The 10th Virginia Infantry was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, in the morning on 7 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Johnston, on the Northwestern Turnpike, J M Mason's/ Selma, half a mile west of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 5 PM the same day.

Note: The 10th Virginia Infantry was ordered to the tollgate on the Martinsburg Turnpike, three-quarters of a mile north of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 15 July, 1861, and was stationed at Camp Johnston, on the Northwestern Turnpike, J M Mason's/ Selma, half a mile west of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, between 7 and 18 July, 1861.

Garrison duty at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, Company C (2nd), 11 July, 1861: The 146th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County), Company F, under the command of Captain R C Mauck, was assigned to garrison duty at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 11 July, 1861, and was assigned to the 10th Virginia infantry, Company C (2nd), at Conrad's Store, on Elk Run Creek, Rockingham County, Virginia, on 23 April, 1862 (See the Virginia Militia).

March to Manassas Junction, 18-21 July, 1861

The 10th Virginia Infantry was ordered to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.1, Headquarters, Army of the Shenandoah, Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 5 PM on 18 July, 1861.

Note: The Third and Fourth Brigades, Army of Shenandoah, and the 1st Virginia Cavalry were assigned to Brigadier General B E Bee, Confederate States Army, at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, in the morning on 18 July, 1861.

Camp Johnston, on the Northwestern Turnpike, J M Mason's/ Selma, half a mile west of Winchester, Frederick County, to Berry's Ferry, on the Shenandoah River, three & a half miles southeast of Millwood, Clarke County, Virginia, 18-19 July, 1861: The 10th Virginia Infantry arrived at Berry's Ferry, on the Shenandoah River, three and a half miles southeast of Millwood, Clarke County, Virginia, at 7 AM on 19 July, 1861.

Berry's Ferry, on the Shenandoah River, three & a half miles southeast of Millwood, Clarke County, to Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, 19 July, 1861: The 10th Virginia Infantry was ordered across the Shenandoah River, at Berry's Ferry, three and a half miles southeast of Millwood, Clarke County, Virginia, at 9 AM on 19 July, 1861, and arrived at Paris via Ashby's Gap, on the Blue Ridge Mountains, Clarke, Loudoun, and Fauquier Counties, Virginia, in the morning the same day. The regiment arrived by the graded road at Piedmont Station via Upperville, Fauquier County, Virginia, in the evening the same day.

Note: The 10th Virginia Infantry was ordered to march directly to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, at Paris, Fauquier County, Virginia, by General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, in the morning on 19 July, 1861, but the order was countermanded two miles east of Paris, Fauquier County, Virginia, and to rendezvous at Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, by First Lieutenant B Randolph, Confederate States Navy and volunteer aid to General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, the same day.

Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, 21 July, 1861: The 10th Virginia Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Manassas Gap Railroad to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, at 5 AM on 21 July, 1861, and was accompanied by the 1st Maryland Infantry, the 3rd Tennessee Infantry, and the 13th Virginia Infantry, Companies E, F, G, H, I, and K, under the command of Brigadier General E K Smith, Confederate States Army. The regiment arrived at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, at 11.30 AM/1 PM the same day.

Note: Brigadier General E K Smith, Confederate States Army, assumed command of the Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, at Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, in the morning on 21 July, 1861 (See the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah).

First battle of Manassas, 21 July, 1861

The 10th Virginia Infantry was stationed at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, at 11.30 AM/1 PM on 21 July, 1861.

Advance to Bald Hill, on Chinn's Branch, northeast of Chinn's Spring, Prince William County, Virginia, 21 July, 1861: The 10th Virginia Infantry, under the command of Brigadier General E K Smith, Confederate States Army, was ordered to Bald Hill, on Chinn's Branch, northeast of Chinn's Spring, Prince William County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 21 July, 1861.

Note: Four companies of the 10th Virginia Infantry were detached south of I Henry's or Spring Hill, on Henry Hill, one mile west of the Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, in the afternoon on 21 July, 1861.

Chinn's Branch, northeast of Chinn's Spring, Prince William County, Virginia, 6 companies, 21 July, 1861: Six companies of the 10th Virginia Infantry were ordered to Chinn's Branch, northeast of Chinn's Spring, Prince William County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 21 July, 1861.

Note: Brigadier General E K Smith, Confederate States Army, was wounded during the advance to Bald Hill, on Chinn's Branch, northeast of Chinn's Spring, Prince William County, Virginia, and

Camp Walker, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, one mile south of McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861: The 10th Virginia Infantry arrived at Camp Walker, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, one mile south of McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the evening on 21 July, 1861.

Note: The 10th Virginia Infantry, the 3rd Tennessee Infantry, the 1st Maryland Infantry, and the Newtown Artillery, under the command of Colonel A Elzey/ Jones, Jr., were ordered to Camp Walker, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, one mile south of McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the evening on 21 July, 1861, and were accompanied by Colonel & Aide de Camp A R Chisolm (South Carolina), and the Loudoun Artillery (See the Loudoun Artillery).

List of killed, etc, 10th Virginia Infantry, at the first battle of Manassas, 21 July, 1861: Killed 7, wounded 11, total 18

Annexed list of killed & wounded of Rockingham Regiment, Harrisonburg Register (Harrisonburg, Rockingham County, Vrginia), 30 July, 1861: Company C ((1st), w 2, k 1, t 3; Company D, w 1, t 1; Company G, w 4, k 2, t 6; Company H, w 2, t 2; Company K, w 2, k 2, t 4; Killed 5, wounded 11, total 16

Return of casualties in the 10th Virginia Infantry, Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, at the first battle of Manassas, 21 July, 1861: Killed 6, wounded 10, total 16

Camp Walker, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, one mile south of McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, to Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, 23 July, 1861: The 10th Virginia Infantry was ordered to Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 10 PM on 23 July, 1861, and was accompanied by 13th Virginia Infantry and the Newtown Artillery. The regiment arrived at Camp Blair, north of the Orange & Alexandria Railroad and 400 yards east of Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, the same day (See the Newtown Artillery).

Note: The 1st Maryland Infantry and the 3rd Tennessee Infantry arrived at Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 12 August, 1861, and the 82nd Virginia Militia (Madison County), Companies A, B, C, and D, under the command of Colonel J W Twyman, was disbanded on 13 August, 1861.

Camp Blair, north of the Orange & Alexandria Railroad & 400 yards east of Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, 23 July-16 October, 1861: The 10th Virginia Infantry was stationed at Camp Blair, north of the Orange & Alexandria Railroad and 400 yards east of Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, between 23 July and 16 October, 1861.

Note: The 10th Virginia Infantry was stationed at Mason's Hill, west of the Columbia Turnpike, two and a half miles southwest of Arlington Mills, Alexandria County, Virginia, between 28 and 31 August, 1861; at Riley's or Upton's Hill, half a mile east of Taylor's Tavern, on the Leesburg & Alexandria Turnpike, Fairfax County, between 7 and 12 September, 1861; and at W D Nutt's Hill or Brandywine Castle, one mile east of Falls Church, Fairfax County, Virginia, between 25 and 28 September, 1861.

Camp Blair, north of the Orange & Alexandria Railroad & 400 yards east of Fairfax Station, to one mile southwest of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 16 October, 1861: The 10th Virginia Infantry was ordered one mile southwest of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 3 AM on 16 October, 1861.

Reorganised at Conrad's Store, on Elk Run Creek, Rockingham County, Virginia, 23 April, 1862: The 10th Virginia Infantry was reorganised at Conrad's Store, on Elk Run Creek, Rockingham County, Virginia, on 23 April, 1862.

Surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, 9 April, 1865: The 10th Virginia Infantry, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel D H L Martz, surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, on 9 April, 1865.

Colonel A Elzey, Jr., 1st Maryland Infantry, Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah: Captain A Elzey, Jr., 2nd United States Artillery, Light Company E, resigned on 3 March, 1861, and was appointed major, artillery, Confederate States Army, on 18 May, 1861, dated 16 March, 1861 (See the 2nd United States Artillery, Light Company E). Major A Elzey, Jr., Confederate States Army, was assigned to mustering duty at Atlanta, Fulton County, Georgia, by Special Orders No.57, Paragraph IV, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 23 May, 1861, and was appointed colonel, 1st Maryland Infantry, at Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861. Colonel A Elzey, Jr., 1st Maryland Infantry, was assigned to command the Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, at at Camp Johnston, in the vicinity of J M Mason's House or Selma, half a mile west of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 24 June, 1861, and was appointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, on 26 August, 1861, dated 21 July, 1861.

Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, 25 September, 1861: Major General G W Smith, Confederate States Army, was assigned to the command of the Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, by General Orders No.31, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 25 September, 1861.

The 10th Virginia Infantry was assigned to the Third Brigade, Fourth Division, Potomac District, Department of Northern Virginia, under the command of Brigadier General A Elzey, Jr., Confederate States Army, by General Orders No.15, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 22 October, 1861.

Reports

THE REBELLION RECORD: A Diary of American Events, Volume II, Documents, pp42-43
Colonel A Elzey, Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, dated Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, 25 July, 1861