The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah

Colonel S B GibbonsColonel S B Gibbons, 10th Virginia Infantry

Tenth Virginia Infantry

Mustered in Confederate service for one year dated 1 July, 1861. Arrived at Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, 21 July, 1861

COLONEL S B GIBBONS
Captain S B Gibbons, Harrison Valley Guards, was appointed colonel, 4th Virginia Militia or State Troops, at Mount Jackson, Shenandoah County, Virginia, on 18 April, 1861, and colonel, Provisional Army of Virginia, at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 17 May, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL E T H WARREN
First Lieutenant E T H Warren, Harrison Valley Guards, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 4th Virginia Militia or State Troops, at Mount Jackson, Shenandoah County, Virginia, on 18 April, 1861, and lieutenant colonel, Provisional Army of Virginia, at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 17 May, 1861.

MAJOR S T WALKER
S T Walker was appointed major, Provisional Army of Virginia, at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 17 May, 1861.

Company A Strasburg Guards: CAPT. J STOVER
The company was accepted in state service at Strasburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia, on 18 April, 1861.
Company B Rockingham Rifles: CAPT. J KENNEY
The company was accepted in state service at Harrisonburg, Rockingham County, Virginia, on 18 April, 1861, and was ordered to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the morning the same day. The company arrived arrived at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 9 PM on 18 April, 1861.
Company C (1st) Southern Greys: CAPT. J N SWANN
The company was accepted in state service at Edinburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia, on 18 April, 1861, and was disbanded and a detachment (39) assigned to the 10th Virginia Infantry, Company F, on 18 April, 1862.
Company C (2nd) Mauck's Company: CAPT. R C MAUCK
The company was mustered in state service as the 146th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County), Company F, at Harrisonburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia, on 4 July, 1861, and was assigned to garrison duty at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 11 July, 1861 (See the Virginia Militia). The company was organised as light artillery but was not accepted in Confederate service for the war by Major General T J Jackson, Confederate States Army, on 10 April, 1862, and was assigned to the 10th Virginia Infantry, Company C (2nd), at Conrad's Store, on Elk Run Creek, Rockingham County, Virginia, on 23 April, 1862.
Company D Bridgewater Greys: CAPT. J S BROWN
The company was accepted in state service at Bridgewater, Rockingham County, Virginia, on 18 April, 1861, and was ordered to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 19 April, 1861. J S Brown was appointed captain, 10th Virginia Infantry, Company D, on 18 April, 1861, dated 29 April, 1861, and the company was mustered in state service at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, by Colonel T J Jackson, Provisional Army of Virginia, Virginia, on 3 May, 1861.
Company E Peaked Mountain Greys: CAPT. W B YANCEY
The company was accepted in state service at McGaheysville, Rockingham County, Virginia, on 18 April, 1861, and was ordered to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 19 April, 1861.
Company F Muhlenberg Rifles: CAPT. S C WILLIAMS
The company was accepted in state service at Woodstock, Shenandoah County, Virginia, on 18 April, 1861.
Company G Harrison Valley Guards: CAPT. C A SPRINKEL
The company was accepted in state service at Harrisonburg, Rockingham County, Virginia, on 18 April, 1861, and was ordered to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the evening the same day. Captain C A Sprinkel, 10th Virginia Infantry, Company G, was absent without leave on 23 July, 1861, and resigned on 3 November, 1861.
Company H Chrisman's Infantry: CAPT. G CHRISMAN
The company was accepted in state service at Harrisonburg, Rockingham County, Virginia, on 18 April, 1861, and was ordered to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 19 April, 1861.
Company I Riverton Invincibles or Elk Run Greys: CAPT. W D C COVINGTON
The company was accepted in state service at Conrad's Store, on Elk Run Creek, and Covington, Rockingham County, Virginia, on 18 April, 1861, and was ordered to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 19 April, 1861.
Company K Page Volunteers: CAPT. W T YOUNG
The company was accepted in state service at Luray, Page County, Virginia, on 2 June, 1861, and arrived at Winchester, Frederick County, on 3 June, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the morning on 4 June, 1861, and was assigned to the 10th Virginia Infantry, Company K, at Camp Johnston, in the vicinity of J M Mason's House or Selma, half a mile west of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 23 June, 1861.
Company L Jeff Davis Guards: CAPT. E F Blankenbeker
The company was mustered in Confederate service with men of the 82nd Virginia Militia (Madison County) at Camp Johnson, C George's, northwest of Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, on 12 August, 1861, and F F Blankenbeke was appointed major, 82nd Virginia Militia (Madison County), between 17 July and 13 August, 1861 (See the Virginia Militia Battalion Infantry). The company was assigned to the 10th Virginia Infantry at Standardsville, Greene County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.90, Adjutant & Inspecter General's Office, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 19 April, 1862.
Band: Band Ldr. C ESCHMAN
The band included ten musicians and a chief musician and was probably disbanded in 1864.

Note: The Tenth Legion Minutemen, under the command of Captain J Gatewood, was accepted in state service at Woodstock, Shenandoah County, Virginia, on 29 April, 1861, and was mustered in state service on 3 June, 1861. The company was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 5 AM on 6 June, 1861, and arrived at 5 PM the same day. The company was ordered to proceed by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 8 AM on 7 June, 1861, and arrived via Charlestown, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 12 PM the same day. The company was assigned to the 10th Virginia Infantry and was stationed at Harpers Ferry, Armory Building, on Potomac Street, Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 7 June, 1861, and was assigned to the 33rd Virginia Infantry, Company C, at Camp Johnston, in the vicinity of J M Mason's House or Selma, half a mile west of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 26 June, 1861, and was ordered to Camp E K Smith, Hollingsworth's Mill, on Abra(ha)ms Creek, west of the Valley Turnpike, one mile southwest of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 29 June, 1861 (See the 33rd Virginia Infantry).

Sources

"Last night we sent off the Valley Guards, Capt. Sprinkel, 75 men; the Rockingham Rifles, 108 men, Capt. Kenney To-day the balance of the Volunteer Regiment, composed of the Bridgewater Grays, Capt. Brown; the Elk Run Grays, Capt. Covington; the Peaked Mountain Grays, Capt. Yancey; the Letcher Brock's Gap Rifles, Capt. Winfield; Chisman's Infantry, Capt. Chisman. Tomorrow the Battalion of Cavalry, under Maj. Patterson - Harrisonburg Cavalry, 100 men; Mt. Crawford Cavalry, full company; the Union Cavalry, large company; the McGaheysville Cavalry."

Richmond Daily Dispatch (Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia), 22 April, 1861 - Harrisonburg, Virginia, 19 April, 1861

"On Thursday the Muhlenburg Rifles, Strasburg Greys, and Southern Greys, three companies, from Shenandoah, were added to the Rockingham Regiment."

Alexandria Gazette (Alexandria, Alexandria County, Virginia), 11 May, 1861 - Interesting from Harper's Ferry

"This morning ninety-six gallant and chivalrous looking volunteers from Luray, Page County, under the command of Capt. Young, left in the cars, and Capt, F. W. M. Holliday's Rifle Mountain Rangers will leave in a few days."

Richmond Daily Dispatch (Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia), 8 June, 1861 - From Winchester, Va., 4 June, 1861

Books/ Manuscripts

The Virginia Regimental Histories Series, Tenth Virginia Infantry, by Terrence V. Murphy

Supplement to the Official Records: Part II, Record of Events, Volume 71, Serial No.83: Record of events for Tenth Virginia Infantry, May 1861-January 1865, edited by James B Hewett

Diary of a soldier of the Stonewall Brigade, first year of the war, Shenandoah Herald, by John H. Grabill

Very complete roll of Company F, Tenth Virginia Regiment, or the Muhlenburg Rifles. Organisation of the command. The history od most of it's members traced. The living and the dead. Notes: Southern Historical Society Papers Volume XXVIII, pp115-124, Woodstock, Va., 8 September, 1900, from the Richmond Daily Dispatch (Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia), 16th September, 1900

A guide to Virginia military organisations 1861-1865, Revised Second Edition by I A Wallace, Jr.

Notes

The 10th Virginia Infantry was organised at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 17 May, 1861.

Note: The Rockingham Rifles, the Valley Guards, the Elk Run Greys, the Bridgewater Greys, Chrisman's Infantry, the Peaked Mountain Greys, and the Letcher Brock's Gap Rifles were assigned to the 4th Virginia State Troops, under the command of Colonel S B Gibbons, at Mount Jackson, Shenandoah County, Virginia, on 18 April, 1861.

Mustered for one year, Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, Company D, 3 May, 1861: The 10th Virginia Infantry, Company D, was mustered in state service for one year at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, by Colonel T J Jackson, Provisional Army of Virginia, Virginia, on 3 May, 1861.

Harrisonburg, Rockingham County to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, Companies B & G, 18-20 April, 1861: The Harrison Valley Guards and the Rockingham Rifles were ordered to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the evening on 18 April, 1861, and arrived at Mount Jackson, Shenandoah County, Virginia, on 19 April, 1861. The Valley Guards and the Rockingham Rifles were ordered to proceed by the Manassas Gap Railroad to Strasburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia, in the morning the same day and arrived at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 19 April, 1861. The Harrison Valley Guards and the Rockingham Rifles arrived by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 20 April, 1861.

Harrisonburg, Rockingham County to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, Companies D, E, H, & I, 19-21 April, 1861: The Bridgewater Greys, the Peaked Mountain Greys, Chrisman's Infantry, the Elk Run Greys, and the Letcher Brock's Gap Rifles were ordered to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 19 April, 1861, and arrived at Mount Jackson, Shenandoah County, Virginia, the same day. The Bridgewater Greys, the Peaked Mountain Greys, Chrisman's Infantry, the Elk Run Greys, and the Letcher Brock's Gap Rifles were ordered to proceed by the Manassas Gap Railroad to Strasburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia, in the morning on 20 April, 1861, and arrived at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, the same day. The Bridgewater Greys, the Peaked Mountain Greys, Chrisman's Infantry, the Elk Run Greys, and the Letcher Brock's Gap Rifles arrived by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 21 April, 1861.

Note: J Q Winfield was appointed captain, Letcher Brock's Gap Rifles, 16th Virginia Militia (Rockingham county), Seventh Brigade, Third Division, Virginia Militia, on 21 January, 1860.

Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, Companies A, B, C (1st), D, E, F, G, H, & I, 23 April, 1861: The Strasburg Guards, the Southern Greys, the Muhlenberg Rifles, the Valley Guards, the Rockingham Rifles, Chrisman's Infantry, the Bridgewater Greys, the Letcher Brock's Gap Rifles, the Peaked Mountain Greys, and the Elk Run Greys were stationed at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, under the command of Major General K Harper, Fifth Division, Virginia Militia, on 23 April, 1861.

Note: The Strasburg Guards, the Southern Greys, and the Muhlenberg Rifles were assigned to the 10th Virginia Infantry, Companies A, C (1st), and F, respectively, on 2 May, 1861.

Troops stationed at Point of Rocks, Frederick County, Maryland, 20 May, 1861: Captain T Ashby, Fauquier Mountain Rangers; Fauquier Mountain Rangers, First Lieutennat R Ashby (See the 7th Virginia Cavalry); Loudoun Light Horse, Captain R W Carter (See the 1st Virginia Cavalry); Letcher Brock's Gap Rifles, Captain J Q Winfield; Baltimore Rifles, Captain C C Edelin (See the 1st Maryland Infantry); Frederick Volunteers, Captain B T Johnson (See the 1st Maryland Infantry); section of the Staunton Artillery, Captain J D Imboden (See the Staunton Artillery); Loudoun Artillery, Captain A L Rogers (See the Loudoun Artillery)

Troops stationed at & in the vicinity of Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, 23 May, 1861: 2nd Virginia Infantry, Colonel J W Allen; 4th Virginia Infantry, Colonel J F Preston; 5th Virginia Infantry, Colonel K Harper; 10th Virginia Infantry, Colonel S B Gibbons; 13th Virginia Infantry, Colonel A P Hill; 2nd Mississippi Infantry, Colonel W C Falkner; 11th Mississippi Infantry, Colonel W H Moore; 4th Alabama Infantry, Colonel E J Jones; 1st Maryland Infantry, Companies A, B, C (1st), D, D, F (1st), G, and H (1st), Captain G H Steuart, cavalry, Confederate States Army; 1st Kentucky Battalion Infantry, Companies A, B, C, and D, Major H B Duncan; 2nd Kentucky Battalion Sharpshooters, Companies A and B, Acting Major & Captain J D Pope, Bustard Guards; 1st Virginia Cavalry, Companies A, B, C, D, E, F, G (1st), and H, Lieutenant Colonel J E B Stuart; 1st Rockbridge Artillery, Captain W N Pendelton; Wise Arillery, Captain E G Alburtis; Newtown Artillery, Captain G A Groves; Staunton Artillery, Captain J D Imboden

Luray, Page County, to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, Company K, 2-4 June, 1861: The Page Volunteers arrived at Winchester, Frederick County, on 3 June, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the morning on 4 June, 1861.

General Orders No.25, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, 8 June, 1861: The 10th Virginia Infantry was assigned to the Confederate States by General Orders No.25, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 8 June, 1861, and was accepted in Confederate service on 1 July, 1861.

Harpers, Jefferson County, to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 13 June, 1861: The 10th Virginia Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, under the command of Colonel A P Hill, 13th Virginia Infantry, in the morning on 13 June, 1861, and was accompanied by the 13th Virginia Infantry (See the 13th Virginia Infantry). The regiment arrived at the Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, one mile northwest of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 6 PM the same day.

Note: The 3rd Tennessee Infantry arrived by the Valley Turnpike at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 13 June, 1861, and the 10th Virginia Infantry was stationed at the Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, one mile northwest of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, between 13 and 17 June, 1861 (See the 3rd Tennessee Infantry).

Occupation of Romney, 18-21 June, 1861

The 10th Virginia Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Northwestern Turnpike to Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, under the command of Colonel A P Hill, 13th Virginia Infantry, at 4 AM on 17 June, 1861, and was accompanied by the 13th Virginia Infantry and the 3rd Tennessee Infantry. The regiment arrived at Hanging Rock, Hampshire County, Virginia, in the evening on 17 June, 1861.

Hanging Rock to Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, 18 June, 1861: The 10th Virginia Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Northwestern Turnpike to Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, in the morning on 18 June, 1861, and arrived at Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, at 11 AM the same day.

Lee's Battalion Infantry, 19/21 June, 1861: The Potomac Guards, the Independent or Hardy Greys, and the Hampshire Riflemen, under the command of Captain W F Lee, Provisional Army of Virginia, were stationed at Parks' Valley, two and a half miles west of Capon Bridge, Hampshire County, Virginia, between 12 and 19 June, 1861, and arrived at Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, at 3 PM on 19 June, 1861 (See the 33rd Virginia Infantry).

Note: The Letcher Brock's Gap Rifles was ordered to Hanging Rock, Hampshire County, Virginia, in the morning on 19 June, 1861, and Captain J Q Winfield, Letcher Brock's Gap Rifles, was assigned to command the Letcher Brock's Gap Rifles and another company at Hanging Rock, Hampshire County, Virginia, between 19 and 22 June, 1861. The Letcher Brock's Gap Rifles was assigned to the 7th Virginia Cavalry, Company, B (2nd), at Hanging Rock, Hampshire County, Virginia, on 21 June, 1861, and was ordered to Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 22 June, 1861 (See the 7th Virginia Cavalry).

Romney, Hampshire County, to J M Mason's or Selma, half a mile west of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 21-24 June, 1861: The 10th Virginia Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Northwestern Turnpike to Hanging Rock, Hampshire County, Virginia, under the command of Colonel A P Hill, 13th Virginia Infantry, on 21 June, 1861, and was accompanied by the 3rd Tennessee Infantry and the 13th Virginia Infantry. arrived the same day. The regiment was ordered to Capon Bridge, Hampshire County, Virginia, at 3 PM on 22 June, 1861, and to Hogue or Back Creek, west of Lockhart's Gap, Frederick County, Virginia, at 2 AM on 23 June, 1861. The regiment arrived at Hogue or Back Creek, west of Lockhart's Gap, Frederick County, Virginia, at 7 PM the same day and was ordered to J M Mason's House or Selma, half a mile west of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 7 AM on 24 June, 1861.

Note: The Page Volunteers was assigned to the 10th Virginia Infantry, Company K, at Camp Johnston, on the Northwestern Turnpike, J M Mason's or Selma, half a mile west of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 24 June, 1861, and the 10th Virginia Infantry was assigned to the Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, under the command of Colonel A Elzey, Jr., 1st Maryland Infantry, at Camp Johnston, J M Mason's or Selma, half a mile west of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 24 June, 1861 (See the 1st Maryland Infantry).

Furloughs at Camp Johnston, on the Northwestern Turnpike, J M Mason's or Selma, half a mile west of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 28 June-2 July, 1861: Captain J Stover, 10th Virginia Infantry, Company A, was on furlough between 29 and 30 June, 1861; Captain J N Swann, 10th Virginia Infantry, Company C (1st), between 29 June and 1 July, 1861; Captain J S Brown, 10th Virginia Infantry, Company D, between 28 June and 2 July, 1861.

Note: The Tenth Legion Minutemen was assigned to the 33rd Virginia Infantry at Camp Johnston, on the Northwestern Turnpike, J M Mason's or Selma, half a mile west of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 26 June, 1861, and was ordered to Hollingsworth's Mill, on the Valley Turnpike and Abra(ha)ms Creek, half a mile southwest of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 27 June, 1861 (See the 33rd Virginia Infantry).

Camp Johnston, on the Northwestern Turnpike, J M Mason's or Selma, half a mile west of Winchester, Frederick County, to Darkesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, 2-3 July, 1861: The 10th Virginia Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Martinsburg Turnpike to Darkesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, on 2 July, 1861, and arrived via Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 10 AM on 3 July, 1861.

Darkesville, Berkeley County, to J M Mason's or Selma, half a mile west of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 7 July, 1861: The 10th Virginia Infantry was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, in the morning on 7 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Johnston, on the Northwestern Turnpike, J M Mason's or Selma, half a mile west of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 5 PM the same day.

Note: The 10th Virginia Infantry was ordered to the tollgate on the Martinsburg Turnpike, three-quarters of a mile north of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 15 July, 1861, and was stationed at Camp Johnston, on the Northwestern Turnpike, J M Mason's or Selma, half a mile west of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, between 7 and 18 July, 1861.

March to Manassas Junction, 18-21 July, 1861

The 10th Virginia Infantry was ordered to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.1, Headquarters, Army of the Shenandoah, Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 5 PM on 18 July, 1861.

Camp Johnston, on the Northwestern Turnpike, J M Mason's or Selma, half a mile west of Winchester, Frederick County, to Berry's Ferry, on the Shenandoah River, three & a half miles southeast of Millwood, Clarke County, Virginia, 18-19 July, 1861: The 10th Virginia Infantry arrived at Berry's Ferry, on the Shenandoah River, three and a half miles southeast of Millwood, Clarke County, Virginia, at 7 AM on 19 July, 1861.

Berry's Ferry, on the Shenandoah River, three & a half miles southeast of Millwood, Clarke County, to Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, 19 July, 1861: The 10th Virginia Infantry was ordered across the Shenandoah River, at Berry's Ferry, three and a half miles southeast of Millwood, Clarke County, Virginia, at 9 AM on 19 July, 1861, and arrived by the graded road at Piedmont Station via Ashby's Gap, on the Blue Ridge Mountains, Clarke, Loudoun, and Fauquier Counties, and Paris and Upperville, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 10 PM the same day.

Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, 21 July, 1861: The 10th Virginia Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Manassas Gap Railroad to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, at 5 AM on 21 July, 1861, and was accompanied by the 1st Maryland Infantry, the 3rd Tennessee Infantry, and the 13th Virginia Infantry, Companies E, F, G, H, I, and K, under the command of Brigadier General E K Smith, Confederate States Army. The regiment arrived at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, at 11.30 AM/1 PM the same day.

Note: Brigadier General E K Smith, Confederate States Army, assumed command of the Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, at Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, in the morning on 21 July, 1861 (See the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah).

First battle of Manassas, 21 July, 1861

The 10th Virginia Infantry was stationed at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, at 11.30 AM/1 PM on 21 July, 1861.

Advance to Bald Hill, on Chinn's Branch, northeast of Chinn's Spring, Prince William County, Virginia, 21 July, 1861: The 10th Virginia Infantry, under the command of Brigadier General E K Smith, Confederate States Army, was ordered to Bald Hill, on Chinn's Branch, northeast of Chinn's Spring, Prince William County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 21 July, 1861.

Note: Four companies of the 10th Virginia Infantry were detached south of I Henry's or Spring Hill, on Henry Hill, one mile west of the Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, in the afternoon on 21 July, 1861.

Chinn's Branch, northeast of Chinn's Spring, Prince William County, Virginia, 6 companies, 21 July, 1861: Six companies of the 10th Virginia Infantry were ordered to Chinn's Branch, northeast of Chinn's Spring, Prince William County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 21 July, 1861.

Note: Brigadier General E K Smith, Confederate States Army, was wounded during the advance to Bald Hill, on Chinn's Branch, northeast of Chinn's Spring, Prince William County, Virginia, and

Camp Walker, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, one mile south of McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861: The 10th Virginia Infantry arrived at Camp Walker, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, one mile south of McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the evening on 21 July, 1861.

Note: The 10th Virginia Infantry, the 3rd Tennessee Infantry, the 1st Maryland Infantry, and the Newtown Artillery, under the command of Colonel A Elzey/ Jones, Jr., were ordered to Camp Walker, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, one mile south of McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the evening on 21 July, 1861, and were accompanied by Colonel & Aide de Camp A R Chisolm (South Carolina), and the Loudoun Artillery (See the Loudoun Artillery).

List of killed, etc, 10th Virginia Infantry, at the first battle of Manassas, 21 July, 1861: Killed 7, wounded 11, total 18

Return of casualties in the 10th Virginia Infantry, Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, at the first battle of Manassas, 21 July, 1861: Killed 6, wounded 10, total 16

Camp Walker, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, one mile south of McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, to Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, 23 July, 1861: The 10th Virginia Infantry was ordered to Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 10 PM on 23 July, 1861, and was accompanied by 13th Virginia Infantry and the Newtown Artillery. The regiment arrived at Camp Blair, north of the Orange & Alexandria Railroad and 400 yards east of Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, the same day (See the Newtown Artillery).

Note: The 1st Maryland Infantry and the 3rd Tennessee Infantry arrived at Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 12 August, 1861.

Camp Blair, north of the Orange & Alexandria Railroad & 400 yards east of Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, 23 July-16 October, 1861: The 10th Virginia Infantry was stationed at Camp Blair, north of the Orange & Alexandria Railroad and 400 yards east of Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, between 23 July and 16 October, 1861.

Note: The 10th Virginia Infantry was stationed at Mason's Hill, west of the Columbia Turnpike, two and a half miles southwest of Arlington Mills, Alexandria County, Virginia, between 28 and 31 August, 1861; at Riley's or Upton's Hill, half a mile east of Taylor's Tavern, on the Leesburg & Alexandria Turnpike, Fairfax County, between 7 and 12 September, 1861; and at W D Nutt's Hill or Brandywine Castle, one mile east of Falls Church, Fairfax County, Virginia, between 25 and 28 September, 1861.

Camp Blair, north of the Orange & Alexandria Railroad & 400 yards east of Fairfax Station, to one mile southwest of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 16 October, 1861: The 10th Virginia Infantry was ordered one mile southwest of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 3 AM on 16 October, 1861.

Reorganised at Conrad's Store, on Elk Run Creek, Rockingham County, Virginia, 23 April, 1862: The 10th Virginia Infantry was reorganised at Conrad's Store, on Elk Run Creek, Rockingham County, Virginia, on 23 April, 1862.

Surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, 9 April, 1865: The 10th Virginia Infantry, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel D H L Martz, surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, on 9 April, 1865.

Colonel A Elzey, Jr., 1st Maryland Infantry, Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah: Captain A Elzey, Jr., 2nd United States Artillery, Light Company E, resigned on 3 March, 1861, and was appointed major, artillery, Confederate States Army, on 18 May, 1861, dated 16 March, 1861 (See the 2nd United States Artillery, Light Company E). Major A Elzey, Jr., Confederate States Army, was assigned to mustering duty at Atlanta, Fulton County, Georgia, by Special Orders No.57, Paragraph IV, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 23 May, 1861, and was appointed colonel, 1st Maryland Infantry, at Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861. Colonel A Elzey, Jr., 1st Maryland Infantry, was assigned to command the Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, at at Camp Johnston, in the vicinity of J M Mason's House or Selma, half a mile west of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 24 June, 1861, and was appointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, on 26 August, 1861, dated 21 July, 1861.

Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, 25 September, 1861: Major General G W Smith, Confederate States Army, was assigned to the command of the Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, by General Orders No.31, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 25 September, 1861.

The 10th Virginia Infantry was assigned to the Third Brigade, Fourth Division, Potomac District, Department of Northern Virginia, under the command of Brigadier General A Elzey, Jr., Confederate States Army, by General Orders No.15, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 22 October, 1861.

Reports

THE REBELLION RECORD: A Diary of American Events, Volume II, Documents, pp42-43
Colonel A Elzey, Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, dated Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, 25 July, 1861