Second Brigade, First Division
Colonel G W B Tompkins, commanding the 2nd New York State Militia
Second New York State Militia
Mustered in United States service for three years on 21 May, 1861, and arrived at Washington D. C. the same day. Redesignated the Eighty-second New York Infantry on 7 December, 1861
COLONEL G W B TOMPKINS
LIEUTENANT COLONEL J H WILCOX
MAJOR J J DIMOCK
- Company A (1st): CAPT. C GRAHAM
The company was mustered out on 15 July, 1861 and consolidated with the remaining companies.
- Company A (2nd): CAPT. L SCHAFFNER
The company was assigned in September 1861 to replace Company A (1st).
- Company B: CAPT. M T REED
- Company C: CAPT. E B STEAD
- Company D (1st) Howitzer Company: CAPT. T P MOTT
The company arrived in Washington D. C. but was not recognised as an howitzer company by the War Department and Captain T P Mott reorganised the company as an independent light artillery company on 17 June, 1861. The company was stationed at the Chain Bridge, Virginia, on 21 July, 1861, and did not participate in the first battle of Bull Run. The company was officialy designated as artillery in September 1861 (See the New York Light Artillery, Company D).
- Company D (2nd): CAPT. J Kennedy
The company was assigned to replace Company D, officially designated as artillery in September 1861, and First Lieutenant T W Davis, Company I, was assigned as captain on 1 October, 1861.
- Company E: CAPT. J HUTSON
- Company F: CAPT. J BRADY
- Company G (1st): CAPT. L Jaehrling
The company was transferred to the 5th New York State Militia, Company K, on 28 May, 1861 (See the 5th New York State Militia).
- Company G (2nd): CAPT. A R BARRY
The company was ordered to Washington D. C. on 17 June, 1861, and was assigned to replace Company G (1st).
- Company H: CAPT. D DE COuRceY
- Company I: CAPT. J J DELANEY
- Company K: CAPT. J DARROW
- Engineer Corps: CAPT. S P SAGE
"Early in May, 1861, the writer belonged to the Howitzer Corps, Company D, 2nd N. Y. Militia, later known as 82nd N. Y. Our Captain was Thaddeus P Mott. We frequently drilled the howitzers in Tompkins Square, pulling the guns by ropes. When we arrived in Washington the war Department would not recognise a volunteer howitzer company, and the choice was given the men to be merged into one of the infantry companies or permanently detached from the regiment and organised as a battery of field artillery, Captain Mott selected the latter for the me. We were stationed at Chain Bridge, Va. We were finally designated the 3rd, N. Y. Independent battery, as 'Mott's Battey' and one of the famous Sixth Corps batteries to the end of the war."
History of the 71st regiment, N G, N Y, American Guard, by Augustus Theodore Francis
"Soon after his appointment, General Schenck was put in command of the First and Second Ohio Regiments of Infantry, to which subsequently was added the Second New York State Militia, then encamped near Alexandria, in Virginia."
Robert C. Schenck, U.S.A., Major General of Volunteers, published by order of Union Central Committee, 3rd Congressiona District, Ohio
Rebellion Record: Document 180, Second Regiment N. Y. S. M., New York World, 1861
New York in the War of Rebellion, 1861–1865, Volumes 2 & 4, by Frederick Phisterer
The Union Army: A history of military affairs in the loyal states 1861–65, records of the regiments in the Union army, cyclopedia of battles, memoirs of commanders and soldiers, Volume 2, New York, Maryland, West Virginia and Ohio
The 2nd New York State Militia was not ordered to Washington D. C. under the first call for three months volunteers and was organised at New York City, under special authority by the War Department. The regiment was ordered to Washington D. C. on 18 May, 1861, and arrived on 21 May, 1861. The 2nd New York State Militia, except Company D, was mustered in United States service for three years on 21 May, 1861, and encamped on Capital Hill, Washington D. C. Company G, under the command of Captain L Jaehrling, was transferred to the 5th New York State Militia, Company K on 28 May, 1861 (See 5th New York State Militia). Captain T P Mott organised Company D as an independent light artillery company on 17 June, 1861, and was temporarily known as the New York Light Artillery, Company B (See the New York Light Artillery, Company B). The New York Light Artillery, Company B, was assigned two 12 pounder M1841 mountain howitzers and dragged them by hand. The company was stationed at the Chain Bridge, Washington D. C., and was occasionally assigned to duty scouting in Virginia. The Second Brigade, First Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia, was ordered to proceed to Manassas Junction at 5 PM on 16 July, 1861.The Second Brigade, First Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia, under the command ofBrigadier General R C Schenck, was ordered to proceed to Vienna, Virginia, via the Georgetown Turnpike and the Leesburg Stone Roads, at 2 PM on 16 July, 1861. Brigadier General R C Schenck was ordered to proceed between Fairfax Courthouse and Centreville, Virginia, to Germantown, Virginia, at 5.30 AM on 17 July, 1861, and was ordered to proceed along the Warrenton Pike to Centreville, Virginia, at 7 AM on 18 July, 1861. The Second Brigade, First Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia, arrived at Centreville, Virginia, at 9 AM on 18 July, 1861, and the 2nd Ohio Infantry was ordered to proceed along the Warrenton Turnpike to the Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, between 2 and 2.30 AM on 21 July, 1861. After the first battle of Bull Run the 2nd New York State Militia was ordered to retreat Centreville, Virginia, and was ordered to proceed to Vienna, via Fairfax Courthouse, Virginia at 10 PM on 21 July, 1861. The regiment arrived at Vienna, Virginia, at 3.30 AM on 22 July, 1861, and was arrived at Ball's Crossroads, Virginia, at 6 AM on 22 July, 1861. The 2nd New York State Militia return to Washington D. C. and encamped at Camp Powell, Washington D. C. on 22 July, 1861. The New York Light Artillery, Company B, was redesignated the 3rd New York Independent Light Artillery on 7 December, 1861, and the 2nd New York State Militia the 82nd New York Infantry. The three years men were mustered out on 25 June, 1864, and the 82nd New York Infantry was consolidated as the 82nd New York Battalion Infantry with five companies. The 40th New York Infantry veterans were transferred to the 82nd New York Battalion Infantry on 28 June, 1864, and the battalion was assigned to the 59th New York infantry on 10 July, 1864. The 59th New York infantry was mustered out at Munson's Hill, Virginia, on 30 June, 1865.
R C Schenck, a representative from Ohio, was commissioned a brigadier general of volunteers on 17 May, 1861.
The Military District of the Potomac was established on 25 July, 1861 by consolidating the Military District of Washington and the Department of Northeastern Virginia and redesignated the Department of the Potomac on 15 August, 1861. The 2nd New State Militia was assigned to Brigadier General C P Stone's Corps of Observation, Army of the Potomac, on 4 August, 1861.
Orders of Battle
The above painting, 'New York's Bravest', is by Don Troiani, modern America's finest historial artist.