First Brigade, Army of the Potomac
Private J E Cooper, Company E, 3rd South Carolina Infantry
Third South Carolina Infantry
Mustered in Confederate service on 6 June, 1861, and arrived at Manassas on 22 June, 1861
COLONEL J H WILLIAMS
LIEUTENANT COLONEL B B FOSTER
MAJOR J M BAXTER
- Company A State Guards or Garlington Rifles: CAPT. B C GARLINGTON
- Company B Williams Guard: CAPT. S N DAVIDSON
- Company C Pickens Guards: CAPT. R C MAFFET
- Company D Cross Anchor Volunteers: CAPT. T B FERGUSON
- Company E Quitman Rifles: CAPT. J D NANCE
- Company F Wadsworth Guards: CAPT. T WALKER
- Company G Laurens Briers: CAPT. R P TODD
- Company H Brooks Guards: CAPT. D NUNAMAKER
- Company I Musgrove Volunteers: CAPT. B S JONES
- Company K Blackstock Volunteers: CAPT. B KENNEDY
- Company Unlettered Helena Guards: CAPT. J N BROWN
The company was not accepted when the 3rd South Carolina Infantry was mustered in Confederate service and was disbanded on 10 June, 1861.
- Company Unlettered Company Raibon or Rabun: CAPT. W J M JONES
The company was not accepted when the 3rd South Carolina Infantry was mustered in Confederate service and was disbanded on 10 June, 1861. The company was reorganised on 27 July,1861, and assigned to the 14th South Carolina Infantry, Company C, under the command of Captain W L Wood.
South Carolina troops in Confederate service, Volume II, complied by A S Salley, Jr.
South Carolina's military organisations during the War Between the States: The Upstate, by R S Seigler
The 3rd South Carolina Infantry was authorised under the Act of 17 December, 1860, calling for ten regiments of volunteers for twelve months state service.
The 3rd South Carolina Infantry, Companies A, B, C, E, and I, arrived at Camp Ruffin, near Columbia, South Carolina, on 14 April, 1861; Companies F and G arrived on 15 April, 1861; and Companies D, H, and K, with Captain J N Brown's and Captain W J M Jones' companies arrived on 17 April, 1861. The 3rd South Carolina Infantry was not present during the bombardment of Fort Sumter, Charleston Harbour, on 12 and 13 April, 1861, because of the lack of transportation. The regiment was mustered in Confederate service with ten companies on 6 June, 1861, as Captain's J N Brown's and W J M Jones' companies were not accepted and were disbanded on 10 June, 1861. The 3rd South Carolina Infantry was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, by railroad on 15 June, 1861, and arrived between 17 and 18 June, 1861. The regiment proceeded to Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, on 22 June, 1861, and encamped at Mitchell's Ford, Virginia, for about a week. The 3rd South Carolina Infantry was originally assigned to the Third Brigade, Army of the Potomac, and was temporarily assigned to the First Brigade, Army of the Potomac, on 29 June, 1861. The regiment was on picket duty between Manassas Junction and Fairfax Courthouse, Virginia, and was ordered to withdraw to Mitchell's Ford, via Cenreville, Virginia, with the 18th Virginia Infantry on 17 July, 1861 (See the 18th Virginia Infantry). After the first battle of Manassas the 3rd South Carolina Infantry was ordered to Camp Gregg, near Vienna and Flint Hill, Virginia, on 14 August, 1861, and was reorganised on 14 May, 1862.
On 25 July 1861, the Army of the Potomac was reorganised and the 3rd South Carolina Infantry was assigned to the First Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General M L Bonham.
OFFICIAL REPORT NO.89: Series I, Volume 2 (S# 2), Chapter IX, pp. 527–528
Colonel J H Williams, Third South Carolina Infantry
Orders of Battle
The above painting, 'The Fourth Alabama', is by Don Troiani, modern America's finest historial artist.