First Brigade, Army of the Potomac
Seventh South Carolina Infantry
Mustered in Confederate service on 4 June, 1861, and arrived at Manassas about 14 June, 1861
COLONEL T G BACON
LIEUTENANT COLONEL R A FAIR
MAJOR E SEIBELS
- Company A Seccession Guards: CAPT. W W PERRYMAN
The company was unwilling to delay Confederate service in Virginia and transferred to the 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Company F, on 30 April, 1861 (See the 2nd South Carolina Infantry).
- Company B Southern Guards or Cokesbury Minutemen: CAPT. W L HODGES
Captain G M Mattison resigned on 31 May, 1861, due to ill health, and was replaced by First Lieutenant W L Hodges.
- Company C Davis Guards: CAPT. P H BRADLEY
- Company D Hester's Company: CAPT. S J HESTER
- Company E Mount Willing Guards: CAPT. D DENNY
- Company F (1st) Coleman's Company: CAPT. W L COLEMAN
The company was disbanded on 4 June, 1861, when the company failed to muster in Confederate service.
- Company F (2nd) Graniteville Riflemen or Davies Guards: CAPT. J S HARD
The company replaced Company F (1st) on 4 June 1861.
- Company G Brooks' Greys: CAPT. J H BROOKS
- Company H Ninety Six Rifles: CAPT. E BLAND
The company was designated Company A (2nd) during reorganisation on 13 May, 1862. Captain E Bland was assigned lieutenant colonel on 14 May, 1862, and First Lieutenant S Harrison was appointed captain. A new company was organised during reorganisation, under the command of Captain H W Addison, on 13 May, 1862.
- Company I Red Hill Guard: CAPT. W F PRESCOTT
- Company K Ruffin Guards: CAPT. B M TALBERT
- Company L Horry Volunteers: CAPT. W C WHITE
The company was assigned to replace Company A at Fairfax Courthouse, Virginia, on 2 July, 1861.
- Company M Saluda Riflemen: CAPT. E J GOGGANS
The company was assigned during reorganisation on 13 May, 1862.
"Captain Perryman with his company, the 'Secession Guards,' volunteered for Confederate service before the other companies, and left for Virginia on April 28th and joined the Second South Carolina regiment. Captain Bland took his place with his company in the regiment as Company A."
History of Kershaw's brigade with complete roll of companies, biographical sketches, incidents, anecdotes, etc, by D Augustus Dickert
South Carolina Volunteers in the Civil War: 7th South Carolina Volunteers, Bacon's, in collaboration with W B Bynum, B Boatwright, Jr. and H M Madaus with text and illustrations by R Field
Diary of battles, marches and incidents of the Seventh S. C. Regiment, by J J McDaniel, of Co. "M"
South Carolina's military organisations during the War Between the States: The Midlands, by R S Seigler
The 7th South Carolina Infantry was authorised under the Act of 17 December, 1860, calling for ten regiments of volunteers for twelve months state service.
The 7th South Carolina Infantry was in reserve near Rikersville, Charleston, South Carolina, during the bombardment of Fort Sumter, Charleston Harbour, on 12 and 13 April, 1861. The regiment was ordered to Camp Butler, near Johnson's Turnout, South Carolina, on 1 May, 1861, and the Seccession Guards, unwilling to delay Confederate service in Virginia, transferred to the 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Company F, on 30 April, 1861 (See the 2nd South Carolina Infantry). The 7th South Carolina Infantry was mustered in Confederate service on 4 June, 1861, and was ordered to proceed to Richmond, Virginia. The regiment arrived at Richmond, Virginia, on 7 June, 1861, and arrived at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, by 14 June, 1861. The 7th South Carolina Infantry was on picket duty near Fairfax Courthouse, Virginia, and was ordered to withdraw to the Mitchell's Ford, via Centreville, Virginia, with the Radford Rangers and the Botetourt Dragoons, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel T T Munford, and the Richmond Howitzer Battalion Artillery, 1st Company, on 17 July, 1861. After the first battle of Manassas the the 7th South Carolina Infantry remained encamped near Mitchell's Ford, Virginia, and was ordered Camp Gregg, near Vienna and Flint Hill, Virginia, on 14 August, 1861. The regiment was reorganised with twelve companies on 13 April, 1862, and was mustered in Confederate service for two years on 13 May, 1861.
On 25 July 1861, the Army of the Potomac was reorganised and the 7th South Carolina Infantry was assigned to the First Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General M L Bonham.
OFFICIAL REPORT NO.90: Series I, Volume 2 (S# 2), Chapter IX, pp. 528–530
Colonel T G Bacon, Seventh South Carolina Infantry
Orders of Battle
The above painting, 'The Fourth Alabama', is by Don Troiani, modern America's finest historial artist.