The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac

Captain N C Wilson, 28th Virginia Infantry, Company B

Captain N C Wilson, 28th Virginia Infantry, Company B

Twenty-eighth Virginia Infantry

Seven companies arrived at Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, 28 May, 1861, and three companies in June 1861. Mustered in Confederate service for one year dated 1 July, 1861. Stationed at Ball's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861

COLONEL R T PRESTON
R T Preston was appointed colonel, Provisional Army of Virginia, at Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, on 4 May, 1861, and was assigned to duty at Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.45, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 11 May, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL R S BURKS
R S Burks was appointed lieutenant colonel, infantry, Provisional Army of Virginia, at Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, on 2 May, 1861, and was assigned to the 28th Virginia Infantry on 18 May, 1861. The resignation of Lieutenant Colonel R S Burks, 28th Virginia Infantry, was accepted by Special Orders No.246, Paragraph VIII, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 9 August, 1861, and Lieutenant Colonel S B Paul, infantry, Provisional Army of Virginia, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 28th Virginia Infantry, on 6 September, 1861.

MAJOR R C ALLEN
Captain R C Allen, Roanoke Greys, was appointed major, Provisional Army of Virginia, at Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, on 2 May, 1861, and the resignation of Major R C Allen, 28th Virginia Infantry, was revoked by Special Orders No.153, Paragraph XII, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 14 September, 1861.

Company A Blue Ridge Rifles: CAPT. W T Patton
The company was accepted in state service at Blue Ridge, Botetourt County, Virginia, 15 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year at Camp Davis, a quarter of a mile southwest of College Hill, Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel D A Langhorne, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 16 May, 1861.
Company B Craig Rifles: CAPT. N C WILSON
The company was accepted in state service at Craig Courthouse, Craig County, Virginia, on 15 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year at Camp Davis, a quarter of a mile southwest of College Hill, Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel D A Langhorne, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 18 May, 1861.
Company C (1st) Old Dominion Rifles: CAPT. T M BOWYER
The company was accepted in state service at Liberty, Bedford County, Virginia, on 15 May, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Virginia & Tennessee Railroad to Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, at 12 PM the same day. The company was mustered in state service for one year at Camp Davis, a quarter of a mile southwest of College Hill, Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel D A Langhorne, Provisional Army of Virginia, in the afternoon on 15 May, 1861, and was detached from the 28th Virginia Infantry for artillery service by Special Orders No.129, Paragraph XXIII, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 20 August, 1861. The company was disbanded by Special Orders No.209, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 4 October, 1862.
Company D/C (2nd) Craig Mountain Boys: CAPT. M P SPESSARD
The company was accepted in state service at Newcastle, Craig County, Virginia, on 10 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year at Camp Davis, a quarter of a mile southwest of College Hill, Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel D A Langhorne, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 29 May, 1861.
Company E (1st) Clifton Greys: CAPT. A CLEMENTS
The company was accepted in state service at Pigeon Run, Campbell County, Virginia, on 15 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year at Camp Davis, a quarter of a mile southwest of College Hill, Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel D A Langhorne, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 17 May, 1861. The company was assigned to the 11th Virginia Infantry, Company C, at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, by General Orders No.19, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 18 June, 1861 (See the 11th Virginia Infantry).
Company E (2nd)/D (2nd) Piedmont Rifles: CAPT. W L WINGFIELD
The company was accepted in state service at Stewartsville, Bedford County, Virginia, on 20 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year at Camp Davis, a quarter of a mile southwest of College Hill, Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel D A Langhorne, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 22 May, 1861.
Company F/(E 3rd) Botetourt Spring Rifles: CAPT. F G ROCKE
The company was accepted in state service at Botetourt Springs, Roanoke County, Virginia, on 20 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year at Camp Davis, a quarter of a mile southwest of College Hill, Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel D A Langhorne, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 30 May, 1861.
Company G/F (2nd) Bedford (Letcher) Greys: CAPT. J McG Kent
The company was accepted in state service at Goods Crossing, Bedford County, Virginia, on 26 April, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year at Camp Davis, a quarter of a mile southwest of College Hill, Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel D A Langhorne, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 22 May, 1861.
Company H/G (2nd) Patty Lane Rifle Greys: CAPT. A L MINTER
The company was accepted in state service at Chestnut Fork, Bedford County, Virginia, on 27 April, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year on at Camp Davis, a quarter of a mile southwest of College Hill, Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel D A Langhorne, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 1 June, 1861.
Company I/H (2nd) Mountain Rifles/ Botetourt Artillery: CAPT. J W ANDERSON
The company was accepted in state service at Buchanan, Botetourt County, Virginia, on 15 May, 1861, and was ordered to Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, on 16 May, 1861. The company was mustered in state service for one year at Camp Davis, a quarter of a mile southwest of College Hill, Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel D A Langhorne, Provisional Army of Virginia, the same day and was accepted in Confederate service for the war as the Botetourt Artillery on 24 December, 1861, dated 18 December, 1861.
Company K (1st)/I (2nd) Roanoke Greys/ Deyerle's Artillery: CAPT. M P DEYERLE
The company was accepted in state service at Salem, Roanoke County, Virginia, on 13 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year at Camp Davis, a quarter of a mile southwest of College Hill, Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel D A Langhorne, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 17 May, 1861. The company was accepted in Confederate service for the war as Deyerle's Artillery on 27 December, 1861, but was assigned as 28th Virginia Infantry, Company I, on 5 February, 1862.
Company K (2nd) Breckinridge Infantry: CAPT. P G BRECKINRIDGE
The company was accepted in state service at Amsterdam, Botetourt County, Virginia, by Colonel J G Sperry, 121st Virginia Militia (Botetourt County), on 1 May, 1861, and was stationed at Amsterdam, Botetourt County, Virginia, on 10 July, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by canal boat to Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, on 29 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Davis, a quarter of a mile southwest of College Hill, Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, on 1 August, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by the Southside Railroad to Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 3 August, 1861, and arrived by the Richmond & Danville Railroad the same day. The company was mustered in Confederate service for one year at Camp of Instruction or Lee, Hermitage Agricultural Fairgrounds, between the Richmond, Fredericksburg & Potomac Railroad and Deep Run Turnpike, two miles northwest of the Capitol, Capitol Hill, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, by Major J E Johnston, cavalry, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 16 August, 1861, dated 1 August, 1861, and was assigned to the 28th Virginia Infantry, Company K (2nd), by Special Orders No.129, Paragraph XXIII, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 20 August, 1861.

Sources

"This has been a big day in Salem. The 157th Regiment was out in full force; besides which, the Salem Flying Artillery, Roanoke Greys, and two other volunteer companies, not fully organised, were all on parade, giving our town a lively appearance."

"The Roanoke Greys are also nearly ready. They are commanded by Capt. Robert C. Allen, a graduate of the Institute; Madison P. Deyerle, (also from the Institute,) 1st Lieutenant; Chas. W. Burwell, 2d, and Wm. Watts, 3d. This company will be one hundred strong, and will embrace a fine body of soldiers."

Richmond Daily Dispatch (Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia), 7 May, 1861 - Military Organisations in Roanoke: Salem, 4th May, 1861

"A fine company from Campbell - the Brookneal Rifles, commanded by Captain W. J. Whitlow, arrived in Lynchburg yesterday morning."

Richmond Daily Whig (Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia), 20 May, 1861 - Broockneal Rifles

"There are a large number of troops encamped here at present, embracing the two South Carolina regiments; another regiment, under Col. Preston, arrived this evening."

Richmond Daily Dispatch (Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia), 29 May, 1861 - From Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, 27 May, 1861

Books/ Manuscripts

Virginia Regimental Histories Series, Twenty-eighth Virginia Infantry, by F E Fields

A Guide to the Robert Taylor Preston Papers, 1849-1871, Special Collections, University Libraries (0434), 560 Drillfield Drive, Newman Library, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061, USA

Supplement to the Official Records: Part II, Record of Events, Volume 72, Serial No.84: Record of events for the Twenty-eighth Virginia Infantry, May 1861-December 1864, edited by James B Hewett

A guide to Virginia military organisations 1861-1865, Revised Second Edition by I A Wallace, Jr.

What did we fight for?: The Confederate Veteran, Volume XXXI, Nashville, Tenn., January-December, 1923, pp422-423, by Captain T C Holland, Steedman, Callaway County, Missouri

A guide to the Robert Taylor Preston Papers, 1849-1871

Dedication of a bronze tablet in honor of the Botetourt Battery. In Vicksburg National Park, 23 November, 1907, with the ceremonies incident, including the graphical historical address of Miss Mary Johnston: Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume XXXV, January-December, 1907, pp29-52

Notes

The 28th Virginia Infantry was organised by Military Orders No.3, Headquarters, Virginia Volunteers, Camp Davis, a quarter of a mile southwest of College Hill, Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, on 18 May, 1861.

Note: Colonel R T Preston, Provisional Army of Virginia, was assigned to duty at Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.45, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 11 May, 1861, and was ordered to take charge of the companies of infantry mustered and to be mustered in state service at Camp Davis, a quarter of a mile southwest of College Hill, Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, on 17 May, 1861.

Buchanan, Botetourt County, to Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, Company I, 15 May, 1861: The Mountain Rifles (75) arrived at Camp Davis, a quarter of a mile southwest of College Hill, Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, on 15 May, 1861.

Blue Ridge, Botetourt County, to Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, Company A, 15 May, 1861: The Blue Ridge Rifles (75) arrived at Camp Davis, a quarter of a mile southwest of College Hill, Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 15 May, 1861.

Brookneal to Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, 17 May, 1861: The Brookneal Rifle Guards arrived at Camp Davis, a quarter of a mile southwest of College Hill, Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, in the morning on 17 May, 1861.

Note: Second Lieutenant R H Logan, artillery, Confederate States Army, was assigned to Colonel R T Preston, Provisional Army of Virginia, at Camp Davis, a quarter of a mile southwest of College Hill, Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, on 17 May, 1861.

Mustered for one year, Camp Davis, a quarter of a mile southwest of College Hill, Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, 15, 16, 17, 22, & 30 May & 1 June, 1861: The 28th Virginia Infantry, Company C, was mustered in state service for one year at Camp Davis, a quarter of a mile southwest of College Hill, Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, on 15 May, 1861; Companies A and I on 16 May, 1861; Companies E (1st) and K (1st) on 17 May, 1861; Companies E (2nd) and G on 22 May, 1861; Company D on 29 May, 1861; Company F on 30 May, 1861; and Company H on 1 June, 1861.

Camp Davis, a quarter of a mile southwest of College Hill, Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, 17 May, 1861: Lieutenant Colonel J A Early, Provisional Army of Virginia, was ordered to Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, on 6 May, 1861, and was assigned to command Camp Davis, a quarter of a mile southwest of College Hill, Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, on 17 May, 1861.

Note: Lieutenant Colonel D A Langhorne, Confederate States Army, was assigned to command Camp Davis/ Lee, a quarter of a mile southwest of College Hill, Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, on 19 June, 1861.

Military Orders No.3, Headquarters, Virginia Volunteers, Camp Lee, a quarter of a mile southwest of College Hill, Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, 18 May, 1861: The Jefferson Davis Guards, the Clifton Greys, the Brookneal Rifle Guards, the Old Dominion Rifles, the Bedford Light Artillery, the Mountain Rifles, the Blue Ridge Rifles, the Salem Light Artillery, the Craig Rifles, and the Roanoke Greys were assigned to the 28th Virginia Infantry, under the command of Colonel R T Preston and Major R C Allen, by Military Orders No.3, Headquarters, Virginia Volunteers, Camp Lee, a quarter of a mile southwest of College Hill, Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, on 18 May, 1861.

Note: Lieutenant Colonel R S Burks, Provisional Army of Virginia, was assigned to the 28th Virginia Infantry at Camp Lee, a quarter of a mile southwest of College Hill, Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, on 18 May, 1861, and the 28th Virginia Infantry was stationed at Camp Lee, a quarter of a mile southwest of College Hill, Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, between 18 and 26 May, 1861.

Military Orders No.5, Headquarters, Virginia Volunteers, Camp Lee, a quarter of a mile southwest of College Hill, Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, 20 May, 1861: The Salem Light Artillery (85) was assigned to the 28th Virginia Infantry, Company A; the Old Dominion Rifles (81) Company B; the Jefferson Davis Guards (70) Company C; the Blue Ridge Rifles (69) Company D; the Mountain Rifles (73) Company E; the Bedford Light Artillery (73) Company F; the Brookneal Rifle Guards (56) Company G; the Clifton Greys (65) Company H; Roanoke Greys (90) Company I; and the Craig Rifles (75) Company K by Military Orders No.5, Headquarters, Virginia Volunteers, Camp Lee, a quarter of a mile southwest of College Hill, Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, on 20 May, 1861.

Organisation of Preston's Regiment of Virginia Volunteers, 20 May, 1861: Colonel R T Preston, Lieutenant Colonel R S Burks, Major not assigned; Company A, Captain T C C Jordan; Company B, Captain T M Bowyer; Company C, Captain J R Hutter; Company D, Captain W T Patton; Company E, Captain J Anderson; Company F, Captain A Hupp; Company G, Captain W J Whitlow; Company H, Captain A Clements; Company I, Captain M P Deyerle; Company K, Captain N C Wilson

Military Orders No.8, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Virginia Volunteers, Camp Lee, a quarter of a mile southwest of College Hill, Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, 25 May, 1861: The Bedford Light Artillery, under the command of Captain T C C Jordan, and the Salem Light Artillery, under the command of Captain A Hupp, were detached from the 28th Virginia Infantry, by Military Orders No.8, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Virginia Volunteers, Camp Lee, a quarter of a mile southwest of College Hill, Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, on 25 May, 1861, and were ordered to proceed by the Southside Railroad to Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, at 5.30 AM on 27 May, 1861.

Military Orders No.8, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Virginia Volunteers, Camp Lee, a quarter of a mile southwest of College Hill, Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, Companies E (2nd) & G, 25 May, 1861: The Piedmont Rifles and the Bedford (Letcher) Greys were assigned to Colonel R T Preston, Provisional Army of Virginia, by Military Orders No.8, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Virginia Volunteers, Camp Lee, a quarter of a mile southwest of College Hill, Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, on 25 May, 1861.

Note: The Brookneal Rifle Guards (53), under the command of Captain W J Whitlow, was ordered to Massie's Tobacco Factory/ Warehouse, on Thirteenth and Monroe Streets, Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, by Military Orders No.8, Paragraph IV, Headquarters, Virginia Volunteers, Camp Lee, a quarter of a mile southwest of College Hill, Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, on 25 May, 1861, and to Brookneal, Campbell County, Virginia, in the morning on 26 May, 1861.

Camp Lee, a quarter of a mile southwest of College Hill, Lynchburg, Campbell County, to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, Companies A, B, C (1st), E (1st), E (2nd), G, I, & K (1st), 27 May, 1861: Nine companies of the 28th Virginia Infantry (640), under the command of Colonel R T Preston, were ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, at 4 AM on 27 May, 1861, and arrived at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, via Charlottesville, Albemarle County, and Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, at 6 PM the same day.

Note: The Old Dominion Rifles, the Jefferson Davis Guards, the Blue Ridge Rifles, the Mountain Rifles, the Clifton Greys, the Roanoke Greys, the Craig Rifles, the Piedmont Rifles, and the Bedford (Letcher) Greys, under the command of Colonel R T Preston, 28th Virginia Infantry, were ordered to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, by Military Orders No.8, Paragraph III, Headquarters, Virginia Volunteers, Camp Lee, a quarter of a mile southwest of College Hill, Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, at 8 AM on 26 May, 1861, dated 4 PM 25 May, 1861.

Special Orders No.2, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, Companies D, 8 June, 1861: The Craig Mountain Boys was assigned to the 28th Virginia Infantry, Company K, by Special Orders No.2, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 8 June, 1861.

Special Orders No.2, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, Companies F & H, 8 June, 1861: The Botetourt Spring Rifles and the Patty Lane Rifle Greys were assigned to the 19th Virginia Infantry, by Special Orders No.2, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 8 June, 1861 (See the 19th Virginia Infantry).

Note: The Craig Mountain Boys and the Patty Lane Rifle Greys, under the command of Captain M P Spessard, Craig Mountain Boys, were ordered to report to Colonel R T Preston, Provisional Army of Virginia, by Military Orders No.43, Headquarters, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 7 June, 1861.

General Orders No.25, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, 8 June, 1861: The 28th Virginia Infantry was assigned to the Confederate States by General Orders No.25, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 8 June, 1861, and was accepted in Confederate service on 1 July, 1861.

Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, to Burkes Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, Companies D & H, 9 June, 1861: The Craig Mountain Boys and the Patty Lane Rifle Greys, under the command of Captain M P Spessard, Craig Mountain Boys, were ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Burkes Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.12, Paragraph III, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, at 10 AM on 9 June, 1861, dated 8 June, 1861.

Note: The O'Connell Guards, acting as sappers and miners, under the command of Captain S W Prestman, was ordered to take up and obstruct the Orange & Alexandria Railroad east of Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, by Special Orders No. 6, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, at 8 AM on 4 June, 1861, dated 3 June, 1861, and the Craig Mountain Boys and the Patty Lane Rifle Greys were assigned as support to the O'Connell Guards taking up and obstructing the Orange & Alexandria Railroad east of Burkes Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 9 June, 1861 (See the 17th Virginia Infantry).

Reconnaissance to Accotink Creek Bridge, 17 June, 1861

The Craig Mountain Boys and Patty Lane Rifle Greys, under the command of Colonel S Garland, Jr., Provisional Army of Virginia, were ordered on a reconnaissance to Accotink Creek Bridge, one and three quarter miles west of Springfield Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.38, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861, dated 16 June, 1861, and were accompanied by the O'Connell Guards and four companies of the 11th Virginia Infantry (See the 11th Virginia Infantry).

Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, to Accotink Creek Bridge, one & three quarter miles west of Springfield Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, 17 June, 1861: Four companies of the 11th Virginia Infantry, under the command of Colonel S Garland, Jr., Provisional Army of Virginia, were ordered on a reconnaissance to Accotink Creek Bridge, one and three quarter miles west of Springfield Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.38, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, in the morning on 17 June, 1861, dated 16 June, 1861.

Note: The Craig Mountain Boys, Patty Lane Rifle Greys, and the O'Connell Guards were stationed east of Burkes Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, between 9 and 17 June, 1861, and were assigned to Colonel S Garland, Jr., Provisional Army of Virginia, by Special Orders No.38, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861, dated 16 June, 1861.

Organisation of reconnaissance to Accotink Creek Bridge, one & three quarter miles west of Springfield Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, 17 June, 1861: Colonel S Garland, Jr., Provisional Army of Virginia; 11th Virginia Infantry, four companies; Craig Mountain Boys; Patty Lane Rifle Greys; O'Connell Guards

Accotink Creek Bridge, one & three quarter miles west of Springfield Station, Fairfax County, to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, Companies D & H, 19/21 June, 1861: The Craig Mountain Boys and the Patty Lane Rifle Greys, under the comand of Colonel S Garland, Jr., Provisional Army of Virginia, were ordered to Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 19/21 June, 1861, and was accompanied by the O'Connell Guards and four companies of the 11th Virginia Infantry.

General Orders No.19, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, 18 June, 1861: The Old Dominion Rifles, the Blue Ridge Rifles, the Mountain Rifles, the Roanoke Greys, the Craig Rifles, the Piedmont Rifles, the Bedford (Letcher Greys), the Craig Mountain Boys, the Patty Lane Rifle Greys, and the Botetourt Spring Rifles were assigned to the 28th Virginia Infantry by General Orders No.19, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 18 June, 1861.

Note: The Clifton Greys and the Jefferson Davis Guards were assigned to the 11th Virginia Infantry, Companies C and H, respectively, by General Orders No.19, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 18 June, 1861 (See the 11th Virginia Infantry).

General Orders No.20, Paragraph V, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, 20 June, 1861: The 28th Virginia Infantry was organised by General Orders No.19, Paragraph III, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 18 June, 1861, and was assigned to the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Colonel P St G Cocke, 19th Virginia Infantry, by General Orders No.20, Paragraph V, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861.

Note: The 28th Virginia Infantry was assigned to the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, by General Orders No.20, Paragraph V, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861.

Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, to Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 5 companies, 22 June, 1861: Five companies of the 28th Virginia Infantry, under the command of Major R C Allen, were ordered to Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, by Special Orders No.51, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, at 7 AM on 22 June, 1861, dated 20 June, 1861.

Note: The 28th Virginia Infantry was ordered to Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, by Military Orders, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 21 June, 1861.

Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 5 companies, 22 June, 1861: Five companies of the 28th Virginia Infantry, under the command of Major R C Allen, arrived at Camp Cocke, on the road between Centreville and Fairfax Courthouse, three miles west of Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 4 PM on 22 June, 1861.

Note: The 28th Virginia Infantry, Company K (1st), was stationed at Camp Beauregard, Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the evening on 22 June, 1861, and was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.61, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, in the morning on 23 June, 1861, dated 22 June, 1861.

Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 5 companies, 23 June, 1861: Five companies of the 28th Virginia Infantry, under the command of Colonel R T Preston, were ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 23 June, 1861.

Note: A company of the Third Brigade, Army of the Potomac, was ordered to Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, by Special Orders No.61, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, in the morning on 23 June, 1861, dated 22 June, 1861, and the 3rd South Carolina Infantry by Special Orders No.62, Paragraph III, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, in the evening on 23 June, 1861 (See the 3rd South Carolina Infantry).

Troops stationed at or in the vicinity of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 23 June, 1861: Colonel P St G Cocke, 19th Virginia Infantry; 18th Virginia Infantry; 19th Virginia Infantry; 28th Virginia Infantry; 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company B

Note: The Lynchburg Artillery was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.64, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 25 June, 1861, dated 24 June, 1861, and the 28th Virginia Infantry was stationed at Camp Cocke, on the road between Centreville and Fairfax Courthouse, three miles west of Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, between 22/23 and 30 June, 1861.

Organisation of Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, 24 June, 1861: Colonel P ST G Cocke, 19th Virginia Infantry; 18th Virginia Infantry, Colonel R E Withers; 19th Virginia Infantry, Lieutenant Colonel J B Strange; 28th Virginia Infantry, Colonel R T Preston; 30th Virginia Cavalry, Companies A and B, Captain W R Terry, 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company A; 1st Louisiana Special Battalion Infantry, Major R C Wheat; Lynchburg Artillery, Captain H G Latham

Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, 1 July, 1861: The 28th Virginia Infantry was stationed at Fairfax County, Fairfax Courthouse, Virginia, on 1 July, 1861, and Colonel R T Preston, 28th Virginia Infantry, was ordered to rendezvous with Brigadier General M L Bonham, Confederate States Army, in the morning on 2 July, 1861 (See the First Brigade, Army of the Potomac).

Note: The 28th Virginia Infantry was stationed at Camp Cocke, on the road between Centreville and Fairfax Courthouse, three miles west of Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 30 June, 1861, and Camp Cocke was designated Camp Mason, on the road between Centreville and Fairfax Courthouse, three miles west of Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 5 July, 1861.

Camp Mason, on the road between Centreville & Fairfax Courthouse, three miles west of Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, 4 July, 1861: The 28th Virginia Infantry was stationed at Camp Mason, on the road between Centreville and Fairfax Courthouse, three miles west of Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 4 July, 1861.

Note: Major W Watts, Provisional Army of Virginia, was assigned to the 28th Virginia Infantry between 2 and 6 July, 1861, and was temporarily assigned to the 19th Virginia Infantry by Special Orders No.98, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 7 July, 1861 (See the 19th Virginia Infantry).

Withdrawal to Stone Bridge, 17 July, 1861

The 28th Virginia Infantry was ordered to withdraw to the Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, in the morning on 17 July, 1861, and was stationed northeast of Ball's Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the evening on 17 July, 1861.

Organisation of Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, 21 July, 1861: Colonel P ST G Cocke, 19th Virginia Infantry; 8th Virginia Infantry, Colonel E Hunton; 18th Virginia Infantry, Colonel R E Withers; 19th Virginia Infantry, Lieutenant Colonel J B Strange; 28th Virginia Infantry, Colonel R T Preston; 49th Virginia Infantry, Companies B, E, and H, Colonel W Smith; Schaeffer's Battalion Infantry, Acting Major & Captain F B Schaeffer; 30th Virginia Cavalry, Companies B and D, Captain G W B Hale, 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company D; Madison Cavalry/ Invincibles, Captain W Thomas; Loudoun Cavalry, Captain W W Mead; section of Lynchburg Artillery, Captain H G Latham; Loudoun Artillery, Captain A L Rogers

First battle of Manassas, 21 July, 1861

The 28th Virginia Infantry was stationed northeast of Ball's Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the morning on 21 July, 1861.

Note: The 28th Virginia Infantry was ordered west of the old Warrington, Alexandria & Washington Road and Ball's Ford, Bull Run River, at 2 PM on 21 July, 1861.

Advance to Henry Hill, one mile west of the Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861: The 28th Virginia Infantry was ordered to Henry Hill, one mile west of the Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, in the afternoon on 21 July, 1861.

Note: The 28th Virginia Infantry captured Colonel O B Willcox, 1st Michigan Infantry, in woods south of I Henry's or Spring Hill, on Henry Hill, one mile west of the Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, in the afternoon on 21 July, 1861 (See the 1st Michigan Infantry).

General pursuit towards Matthew's Hill, one mile southeast of Sudley Spring, Prince William County, Virginia, 21 July, 1861: The 28th Virginia Infantry was ordered on a general pursuit towards Matthew's Hill, one mile southeast of Sudley Spring, Prince William County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 21 July, 1861.

Note: The 28th Virginia Infantry, Company A,under the command of Captain W T Patton, was ordered to E Matthew's, on Matthew's Hill, one mile southeast of Sudley Spring, Prince William County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 21 July, 1861.

Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861: The 28th Virginia Infantry was ordered to Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the evening on 21 July, 1861.

Return of casualties in the 8th Virginia Infantry, Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, at the battle of first Manassas, 21 July, 1861: Wounded 9, total 9

Mitchell's Ford to Ball's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 22 July, 1861: The 28th Virginia Infantry was ordered to Ball's Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the afternoon on 22 July, 1861.

Note: The 28th Virginia Infantry was ordered at or about the Suspension Bridge, on Cub Run, one mile west of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, by Special orders No.146, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, dated 22 July, 1861.

Ball's Ford, on the Bull Run River, to the Suspension Bridge, on Cub Run, one mile west of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 23 July, 1861: The 28th Virginia Infantry was ordered to the Suspension Bridge, on Cub Run, one mile west of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 23 July, 1861, and was stationed at Camp Suspension Bridge, in the vicinity of the Suspension Bridge, on Cub Run, one mile west of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, between 23 July and 11 August, 1861.

Organisation of Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, 25 July, 1861: Colonel P ST G Cocke, 19th Virginia Infantry; 18th Virginia Infantry, Colonel R E Withers; 19th Virginia Infantry, Lieutenant Colonel J B Strange; 28th Virginia Infantry, Colonel R T Preston; 49th Virginia Infantry; Colonel W Smith; Lynchburg Artillery, Captain H G Latham

Note: The 28th Virginia Infantry was assigned to the Fifth Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Colonel P St G Cocke, 19th Virginia Infantry, by Special Orders No.169, Paragraph I, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 25 July, 1861, and Major R C Allen, 28th Virginia Infantry, was temporarily assigned to the 7th Virginia Infantry by Special Orders No.172, Paragraph II, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 26 July, 1861 (See the 7th Virginia Infantry).

Camp Suspension Bridge, in the vicinity of the Suspension Bridge, on Cub Run, one mile west of Centreville, to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 11 August, 1861: The 28th Virginia Infantry was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 11 August, 1861.

Organisation of 28th Virginia Infantry, 20 August, 1861: Colonel R T Preston, Lieutenant Colonel R S Burks, Major R C Allen; Company A, Blue Ridge Rifles, Captain W T Patton; Company B, Craig Rifles, Captain N C Wilson; Company C, Craig Mountain Boys, Captain M P Spessard; Company D, Piedmont Rifles, Captain W L Wingfield; Company E, Botetourt Spring Rifles, Captain F G Rocke; Company F, Bedford Greys, Captain J McG Kent; Company G, Patty Lane Rifles, Captain A L Minter; Company H, Mountain Rifles, Captain J W Anderson; Company I, Roanoke Greys, Captain M P Deyerle; Company K, Breckinridge's Infantry, Captain P G Breckinridge

Note: The Breckinridge Infantry was assigned to the 28th Virginia Infantry, Company K (2nd), by Special orders No.129, Paragraph XXIII, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 20 August, 1861, and arrived at Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 23 August, 1861, and Major W Watts, Provisional Army of Virginia, was assigned the 28th Virginia Infantry by Special Orders No.278, Paragraph II, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 29 August, 1861.

Centreville to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, 29 August, 1861: The 28th Virginia Infantry was ordered to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 29 August, 1861, and was stationed at Camp Harrison, in the vicinity of Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, between 29 August and 17 October, 1861.

Note: The 28th Virginia Infantry was stationed at Munson's Hill, east of the Leesburg & Alexandria Turnpike, one and a quarter miles northwest of Bailey's Crossroad, Fairfax County, Virginia, between 30 August and 3 September, 1861, and at Mason's Hill, west of the Columbia Turnpike, two and a half miles southwest of Arlington Mills, Alexandria County, Virginia, between 21/22 and 27/28 September, 1861.

Special Orders No.172, Paragraph I, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, Company C, 18 September, 1861: The 28th Virginia Infantry, Company C (1st), was detached and ordered to transfer the infantry arms to the 28th Virginia Infantry, Company K (2nd), by Special Orders No.172, Paragraph I, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 18 September, 1861.

Note: The 28th Virginia Infantry, Company C (1st), was assigned to the 5th Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Colonel P St G Cocke, 19th Virginia Infantry, with access to the pieces of the Lynchburg Artillery by Special Orders No.172, Paragraph II, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 18 September, 1861 (See the Lynchburg Artillery).

Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, to Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, Company C (1st), 2 October, 1861: The 28th Virginia Infantry, Company C (1st), was ordered to Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 2 October, 1861.

Note: The 28th Virginia Infantry, Company C (1st), was assigned to the Eighth Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Acting Brigadier General & Colonel I G Seymour, 6th Louisiana Infantry, on 20 October, 1861 (See the 6th Louisiana Infantry).

Fairfax Courthouse to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 17 October, 1861: The 28th Virginia Infantry was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 17 October, 1861.

Note: Bowyer's (Virginia) Artillery was was assigned to the Fifth Brigade, Third Division, Potomac District, Department of Northern Virginia, under the command of Brigadier General R Taylor, Confederate States Army, by General Orders No.15, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 22 October, 1861 (See the 9th Louisiana Infantry).

Reorganised at Orange Courthouse, Orange County, & Yorktown, York County, Virginia, 24, 31 March, 21, 27, 28 April, & May, 1862: The 28th Virginia Infantry was reorganised at Orange Courthouse, Orange County, and Yorktown, York County, Virginia, between 24 March and 1 May, 1862.

Surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, 9 April, 1865: The 28th Virginia Infantry, under the command of Major General M P Sheperd, surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, on 9 April, 1865.

Colonel P St G Cocke, 19th Virginia Infantry, Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac: Captain P St G Cocke, Powhatan Troop, was appointed colonel, Provisional Army of Virginia, at Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, and assigned to command the military operations of the State of Virginia bounding the Potomac River on 21 April, 1861 (See Headquarters, Army of the Potomac). Colonel P St G Cocke, Provisional Army of Virginia, was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Alexandria, Alexandria County, Virginia, the same day and was stationed at the Mansion House Hotel, on Fairfax Street, Alexandria, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 22 April, 1861. He was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, at 7 AM on 28 April, 1861, and was accompanied by the Washington Volunteers, Companies A and B (See the Garrison at Alexandria). Colonel P St G Cocke, Provisional Army of Virginia, arrived at Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, at 10 AM the same day and was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.49, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 19 June, 1861. Colonel P St G Cocke, 19th Virginia Infantry, was assigned to command the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, by General Orders No.20, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861, and was ordered to assume command at Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, and organise the garrison and several camps by Special Orders No.328, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 15 September, 1861. He was appointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, on 21 October, 1861, and committed suicide at Belmead, on the James River, nine miles northwest of Powhatan Courthouse, Powhatan, Powhatan County, Virginia, on 26 December, 1861.

Note: Colonel P St G Cocke, Provisional Army of Virginia, was assigned to command the troops from the counties of Rappahannock, Culpeper, Madison, Green, Orange, Albemarle, Nelson, Amherst, Campbell, Bedford, Roanoke, Botetourt, and Craig by Special Orders No.39, Paragraph III, Headquarters of the Division, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 10 May, 1861.

The 28th Virginia Infantry was was assigned to the Fourth Brigade, Second Division, Potomac District, Department of Northern Virginia, under the command of Brigadier General P St G Cocke, Confederate States Army, by General Orders No.18, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 16 November, 1861.

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.104: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp549-551
Colonel R T Preston, Twenty-eighth Virginia Infantry

OFFICIAL REPORT: Series I, Volume 51, Part I (Serial No.107), pp24-32
Colonel P St. G Cocke, Confederate States Army, Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, dated Camp Suspension Bridge, in the vicinity of the Suspension Bridge, on Cub Run, one mile west of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 1 August, 1861