The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac

Loudoun Artillery

Mustered in Confederate service for one year dated 1 July, 1861. Arrived at Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, 19 July, 1861. Stationed at Young's Branch, on the Bull Run River, and F Lewis' farm, a quarter of a mile southwest of Lewis' Ford, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861

CAPTAIN A L ROGERS

Section: FIRST LT. H HEATON

Two 6 pounder smoothbores, M1841

Section: SECOND LT. W B CLAGETT

Two 6 pounder smoothbores, M1841

Sources

"A brass battery for the Loudoun Artillery arrived yesterday afternoon, from Richmond. The company are now quartered in Leesburg, under orders."

Evening Star (Washington, D. C.), 27 April, 1861 - Alexandria affairs

"There is a considerable force below us at the Point of Rocks, prepared to resist the passage of troops over the bridge or up the railroad. Among the Virginia forces there, we hear of Capt. Ashby's Mountain Rangers, Capt. Rogers' Loudoun Artillery, a part of Captain Imboden's command from this post, Captain Carter's Company of Cavalry and Captain Winfield's Company of Rifles."

Staunton Spectator (Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia), 25 May, 1861 - Affairs at Harpers Ferry, 21 May, 1861

"To frustrate their purpose, Col. Hunton, on Sunday night ordered Captain Rogers, to place two pieces of cannon at Conrad's Ferry, so as to prevent their landing on this side, which order was promptly executed and Lieutenant Henry Heaton placed in command with some twenty-five men."

Richmond Daily Dispatch (Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia), 27 June, 1861 - Fight near Leesburg, Va.

"Upon hearing that the enemy had advanced as far as Edward's Ferry, on the Maryland side of the river, Col. Hunton, stationed at Leesburg, 4 miles distant, ordered one company of infantry thither, to take their position on the Virginia side, to act as guard and to harass the enemy as much as possible in case of an attempt to cross."

Richmond Daily Dispatch (Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia), 28 June, 1861 - The brush at Edward's Ferry: the enemy frightened off with stove-pipes, 21 June, 1861

Books/ Manuscripts

The Brooke, Fauquier, Loudoun & Alexandria Artillery, First Edition, No.785 of 1000, by M J Andrus

"A Confederate battery, under the command of Capt. A. L. Rogers of the Loudoun Artillery, was set up near the plantation orchard and the Ball family cemetery. They proceeded to fire shells at the Federal troops within range during a portion of the day."

Portici: Portrait of a middling plantation in Piedmont, Virginia, Manassas National Battlefield Park, by Kathleen A Parker and Jacqueline L Hernigle

"In support of the 5th Brigade were five companies of cavalry, the battery of Capt. H Gray Latham, and Capt. A L Rogers' Loudoun Artillery, in positions selected by David B Harris, now assigned to Beauregard's staff, while retaining his commission in the Virginia Corps of Engineers."

Confederate engineer: Training and campaigning with John Morris Wampler, by George G Kundahl

"Besides my own regiment I had in my command at Leesburg the Loudoun Cavalry, commanded first by Captain Shreve, and afterward by Captain Meade; and a Loudoun battery commanded by Captain Rogers."

"I was stationed near the Lewis House, where I at once lost my cavalry and artillery, which were placed in other portions of Beauregard's army."

Autobiography of Eppa Hunton

A guide to Virginia military organisations 1861-1865, Revised Second Edition by I A Wallace, Jr.

Notes

The Loudoun Artillery was accepted in state service at Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, on 21 April, 1861, and was assigned to the 8th Virginia Infantry between 21 April and 30 June, 1861.

Note: Four 6 pounder smoothbores stationed at Alexandria, Alexandria County, Virginia, were ordered to Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, on 27 April, 1861 (See the Garrison at Alexandria).

Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, to Covered or Leesburg Bridge, on the Potomac River, opposite Point of Rocks, Frederick County, Maryland, 13 May, 1861: The Loudoun Artillery was ordered to the Covered or Leesburg Bridge, on the Potomac River, opposite Point of Rocks, Frederick County, Maryland, on 13 May, 1861.

Note: Captain T Ashby, Fauquier Mounted Rangers, was assigned to command the troops stationed at the Covered or Leesburg Bridge, on the Potomac River, opposite Point of Rocks, Frederick County, Maryland, on 19 April, 1861.

Troops stationed at Covered or Leesburg Bridge, on the Potomac River, opposite Point of Rocks, Frederick County, Maryland, 20 May, 1861: Captain T Ashby, Fauquier Mountain Rangers; Fauquier Mountain Rangers, First Lieutenant R Ashby; Loudoun Light Horse, Captain R W Carter; Letcher Brock's Gap Rifles, Captain J Q Winfield; Baltimore Rifles, Captain C C Edelin; Frederick Volunteers, Captain B T Johnson; section of Staunton Artillery, Captain J D Imboden; Loudoun Artillery, Captain A L Rogers

Note: Lieutenant Colonel & Assistant Adjutant General G Deas, Confederate States Army, was stationed at the Covered or Leesburg Bridge, on the Potomac River, opposite Point of Rocks, Frederick County, Maryland, in the evening on 20 May, 1861, and the Loudoun Cavalry arrived at the Covered or Leesburg Bridge, on the Potomac River, opposite Point of Rocks, Frederick County, Maryland, on 23 May, 1861 (See the Loudoun Cavalry). The Wise Artillery arrived at the Covered or Leesburg Bridge, on the Potomac River, opposite Point of Rocks, Frederick County, Maryland, on 27 May, 1861 (See the Wise Artillery).

General Orders No.25, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, 8 June, 1861: The Loudoun Artillery was assigned to the Confederate States by General Orders No.25, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 8 June, 1861, and was accepted in Confederate service on 1 July, 1861.

Covered or Leesburg Bridge, on the Potomac River, opposite Point of Rocks, Frederick County, Maryland, to Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, 9 June, 1861: The Loudoun Artillery was ordered to Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, on 9 June, 1861, and was stationed at Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, between 9 and 15 June, 1861.

Note: The Letcher Brock's Gap Rifles destroyed the Covered or Leesburg Bridge, on the Potomac River, opposite Point of Rocks, Frederick County, Maryland, in the morning on 9 June, 1861 (See the 10th Virginia Infantry).

Mustered for one year, Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, 12 June, 1861: The Loudoun Artillery was mustered in state service for one year as Captain A L Rogers' Company Mounted Artillery, 8th Virginia Infantry, at Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, by Colonel E Hunton, 8th Virginia Infantry, on 12 June, 1861 (See the 8th Virginia Infantry).

Note: The Howard Dragoons was stationed at Edward's Ferry, on the Potomac River, three and a half miles southwest of Poolesville, Montgomery County, Maryland, on 14 June, 1861, and was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, on 15 June, 1861 (See the 1st Virginia Cavalry).

Destruction of the Goose Creek Bridge, on the Leesburg & Alexandria Turnpike, at Goose Creek, two & three quarters of a mile southeast of Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, 15 June, 1861: The Loudoun Artillery destroyed the Goose Creek Bridge, on the Leesburg & Alexandria Turnpike, at Goose Creek, two and three quarters of a mile southeast of Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, in the evening on 15 June, 1861.

Note: The bridge on the Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad, at Goose Creek, three and a quarter miles southeast of Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, was destroyed in the evening on 13 June, 1861.

South of Goose Creek, opposite Edward's Ferry, on the Potomac River, three & a half miles southwest of Poolesville, Montgomery County, Maryland, 16 June, 1861: The Loudoun Artillery was stationed 200 yards south of Goose Creek, opposite Edward's Ferry, on the Potomac River, three and a half miles southwest of Poolesville, Montgomery County, Maryland, in the morning on 16 June, 1861.

Skirmish at Conrad's/ White's & Edward's Ferries, 17-18 June, 1861

Two 6 pounder smoothbores of the Loudoun Artillery (25), under the command of First Lieutenant H Heaton, were engaged in a skirmish at Conrad's/ White's Ferry, on the Potomac River, four and a half miles west of Poolesville, Montgomery County, Maryland, at 10 AM on 17 June, 1861 (See the Rockville Expedition).

Note: Two 6 pounder smoothbores of the Loudoun Artillery (25), under the command of First Lieutenant H Heaton, were ordered to Conrad's/ White's Ferry, on the Potomac River, four and a half miles west of Poolesville, Montgomery County, Maryland, in the evening on 16 June, 1861, and Colonel E Hunton, 8th Virginia Infantry, was stationed at Conrad's/ White's Ferry, on the Potomac River, four and a half miles west of Poolesville, Montgomery County, Maryland, in the morning on 17 June, 1861 (See the 8th Virginia Infantry).

Organisation of Loudoun Artillery at Conrad's/ White's Ferry, on the Potomac River, four & a half miles west of Poolesville, Montgomery County, Maryland, 17-18 June, 1861: First Lieutenant H Heaton; 6 pounder smoothbore, First Sergeant W H Ball; 6 pounder smoothbore, Third Sergeant W D Drish, Jr.

Note: The 8th Virginia Infantry, Company C, was ordered to Conrad's/ White's Ferry, on the Potomac River, four and a half miles west of Poolesville, Montgomery County, Maryland, in the morning on 17 June, 1861.

Troops stationed at Conrad's/ White's Ferry, on the Potomac River, four & a half miles west of Poolesville, Montgomery County, Maryland, 17 June, 1861: The 1st New Hampshire Infantry, Companies A, C, E, G, and I, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel T J Whipple and Major A F Stevens, and a detachment of the 17th Pennsylvania Infantry (20), Captain J M Gardiner, 17th Pennsylvania Infantry, Company E, were stationed at Camp Tappan, Conrad's/ White's Ferry, on the Potomac River, four and a half miles west of Poolesville, Montgomery County, Maryland, in the morning on 17 June, 1861 (See the Department of Washington, Three Months' Volunteers).

Skirmish at Conrad's/ White's & Edward's Ferries, on the Potomac River, four & a half miles west & three & a half miles southwest of Poolesville, Montgomery County, Maryland, respectively, 18 June, 1861: The Loudoun Artillery was engaged in a skirmish at Conrad's/ White's and Edward's Ferries, on the Potomac River, four and a half miles west and three and a half miles southwest of Poolesville, Montgomery County, Maryland, respectively, in the afternoon on 18 June, 1861.

Note: Two 6 pounder smoothbores of the Loudoun Artillery, under the command of Captain A L Rogers, were stationed 200 yards south of Goose Creek, opposite Edward's Ferry, on the Potomac River, three and a half miles southwest of Poolesville, Montgomery County, Maryland, in the afternoon on 18 June, 1861.

Troops stationed at Edward's Ferry, on the Potomac River, three & a half miles southwest of Poolesville, Montgomery County, Maryland, 18 June, 1861: The 17th Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies B and G, under the command of Captain D F Foley, 17th Pennsylvania Infantry, Company B; a detachment of the 2nd United States Cavalry (20), Company H, Captain W T Magruder, 1st United States Dragoons, Company E, and one 12 pounder field howitzer of the West Point Light Artillery, under the command of Second Lieutenant H C Hasbrouck, 4th United States Artillery, Company A, and First Lieutenant A Piper, 3rd United States Artillery, Company I, were stationed at Edward's Ferry, on the Potomac River, three & a half miles southwest of Poolesville, Montgomery County, Maryland, in the afternoon on 18 June, 1861.

March to F Lewis' farm, 18-19 July, 1861

The Loudoun Artillery, under the command of Colonel E Hunton, 8th Virginia Infantry, was ordered to proceed by the old Carolina Road to F Lewis' farm, a quarter of a mile southwest of Lewis' Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the morning on 18 July, 1861, and was accompanied by the 8th Virginia Infantry, Companies A, B, C, D, E, F, H, and I; the Loudoun Cavalry; the Madison Cavalry/ Invincibles; and the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company D. The company arrived at O Buckner's farm, two and a half miles south of Gum Spring, Loudoun County, Virginia, in the evening on 18 July, 1861.

O Buckner's farm, two & a half miles south of Gum Spring, Loudoun County, Virginia, to F Lewis' farm, a quarter of a mile southwest of Lewis' Ford, on the Bull Run River, 19 July, 1861: The Loudoun Artillery was ordered to F Lewis' farm, a quarter of a mile southwest of Lewis' Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the morning on 19 July, 1861, and arrived at 12 PM the same day.

Organisation of Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, 21 July, 1861: Colonel P ST G Cocke, 19th Virginia Infantry; 8th Virginia Infantry, Companies A, B, C, D, E, F, H, & I, Colonel E Hunton; 18th Virginia Infantry, Colonel R E Withers; 19th Virginia Infantry, Lieutenant Colonel J B Strange; 28th Virginia Infantry, Colonel R T Preston; 49th Virginia Infantry, Companies B, E, and H, Colonel W Smith; Schaeffer's Battalion Infantry, Acting Major & Captain F B Schaeffer; 30th Virginia Cavalry, Companies B and D, Captain G W B Hale, 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company D; Madison Cavalry/ Invincibles, Captain W Thomas; Loudoun Cavalry, Captain W W Mead; section of Lynchburg Artillery, Captain H G Latham; Loudoun Artillery, Captain A L Rogers

Note: The Loudoun Artillery was assigned to the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Colonel P St G Cocke, 19th Virginia Infantry, at F Lewis' farm, a quarter of a mile southwest of Lewis' Ford, on the Bull Run River, on 19 July, 1861 (See the 19th Virginia Infantry).

First battle of Manassas, 21 July, 1861

Two 6 pounder smoothbores of the Loudoun Artillery, under the command of First Lieutenant H Heaton, were stationed on an eminence east of Young's Branch, on the Bull Run River, and two 6 pounder smoothbores, under the command of Captain A L Rogers, north of F Lewis' farm, a quarter of a mile southwest of Lewis' Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the morning on 21 July, 1861.

Note: A detachment of the 49th Virginia Infantry, Companies B, E, and H, under the command of Colonel W Smith, was assigned to support two 6 pounder smoothbores of the Loudoun Artillery, under the command of First Lieutenant H Heaton, stationed on an eminence east of Young's Branch, on the Bull Run River, in the morning on 21 July, 1861 (See the 49th Virginia Infantry).

Advance to Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861: Two 6 pounder smoothbores of the Loudoun Artillery, under the command of Captain A L Rogers, were ordered south of the Warrenton Turnpike and 600 yards southwest of the Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, at 11 AM on 21 July, 1861 (See the Lynchburg Artillery).

Note: Three 6 pounder smoothbores, under the command of First Lieutenants C W Squires, Washington Battalion Artillery, 1st Company, were ordered northwest of F Lewis' farm, a quarter of a mile southwest of Lewis' Ford, on the Bull Run River, at 1 PM on 21 July, 1861 (See the Washington Battalion Artillery).

Advance to Henry Hill, one mile west of the Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861: Two 6 pounder smoothbores of the Loudoun Artillery, under the command of First Lieutenant H Heaton, was ordered 600 yards southeast of I Henry's or Spring Hill, on Henry Hill, one mile west of the Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, in the afternoon on 21 July, 1861, and was accompanied by Captain D B Harris, corps engineers, Provisional Army of Virginia (See Corps Engineers, Army of the Potomac).

Note: The 49th Virginia Infantry, Companies B, E, and H, under the command of Colonel W Smith, were assigned as support to two 6 pounder smoothbores of the Loudoun Artillery 600 yards southeast of I Henry's or Spring Hill, on Henry Hill, one mile west of the Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, in the afternoon on 21 July, 1861.

Camp Walker, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, one mile south of McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861: The Loudoun Artillery arrived at Camp Walker, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, one mile south of McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the evening on 21 July, 1861, and was accompanied by Colonel & Aide de Camp A R Chisolm (South Carolina), the 10th Virginia Infantry, the 3rd Tennessee Infantry, the 1st Maryland Infantry, and the Newtown Artillery, under the command of Colonel A Elzey/ Jones, Jr. (See the Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah).

Note: The Loudonn Artillery rendezvoused at F Lewis' farm, a quarter of a mile southwest of Lewis' Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the evening on 21 July, 1861.

Camp Walker, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, one mile south of McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, 23 July, 1861: The Loudoun Artillery was ordered to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 2 AM on 23 July, 1861, and was accompanied by the 1st Maryland Infantry, the 3rd Tennessee Infantry, and 1st Virginia Cavalry. The company arrived at Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 12 PM the same day.

Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, to H Ball's Mill, on the south bank of Goose Creek, five miles north of Gum Spring, Loudoun County, Virginia, 24-25 July, 1861: The Loudoun Artillery, under the command of Colonel E Hunton, 8th Virginia Infantry, was ordered to Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.154 1/2, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 24 July, 1861, dated 23 July, 1861, and was accompanied by the 8th Virginia Infantry, Companies A, B, C, D, E, F, H, and I; the Madison Cavalry/ Invincibles; the Loudoun Cavalry; and the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company D. The company arrived at Camp Berkeley, H Ball's Mill, on the south bank of Goose Creek, five miles north of Gum Spring, Loudoun County, Virginia, in the evening on 25 July, 1861.

Note: The Richmond Howitzer Battalion Artillery, 1st Company, was assigned to the Seventh Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, by Special Orders No.216, Paragraph I, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 9 August, 1861.

Special Orders No.216, Paragraph III, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, 9 August, 1861: The Loudoun Artillery was assigned to the Fourth Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General J Longstreet, Confederate States Army, by Special Orders No.216, Paragraph III, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 9 August, 1861.

Note: The Fourth Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, was ordered to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.216, Paragraph III, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 10 August, 1861, dated 9 August, 1861 (See the Fourth Brigade, Army of the Potomac).

Camp Harrison, south of Fairfax Courthouse, to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 10 August-16 October, 1861: The Loudoun Artillery was stationed at Camp Harrison, south of Fairfax Courthouse, to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, between 10 August and 16 October, 1861.

Camp Harrison, south of Fairfax Courthouse, to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 16 October, 1861: The Loudoun Artillery was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 16 October, 1861.

Disbanded at Kernstown, Frederick County, Virginia, 4 October, 1862: The Loudoun Artillery was disbanded at Kernstown, Frederick County, Virginia, and the men and horses assigned to the Fauquier Artillery, 38th Virginia Battalion Artillery, Company A, by Special Order No.209, Headquarters, Army of Northern Virginia, Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 4 October, 1862 (See the 49th Virginia Infantry).

Colonel P St G Cocke, 19th Virginia Infantry, Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac: Captain P St G Cocke, Powhatan Troop, was appointed colonel, Provisional Army of Virginia, at Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, and assigned to command the military operations of the State of Virginia bounding the Potomac River on 21 April, 1861 (See Headquarters, Army of the Potomac). Colonel P St G Cocke, Provisional Army of Virginia, was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Alexandria, Alexandria County, Virginia, the same day and was stationed at the Mansion House Hotel, on Fairfax Street, Alexandria, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 22 April, 1861. He was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, at 7 AM on 28 April, 1861, and was accompanied by the Washington Volunteers, Companies A and B (See the Garrison at Alexandria). Colonel P St G Cocke, Provisional Army of Virginia, arrived at Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, at 10 AM the same day and was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.49, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 19 June, 1861. Colonel P St G Cocke, 19th Virginia Infantry, was assigned to command the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, by General Orders No.20, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861, and was ordered to assume command at Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, and organise the garrison and several camps by Special Orders No.328, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 15 September, 1861. He was appointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, on 21 October, 1861, and committed suicide at Belmead, on the James River, nine miles northwest of Powhatan Courthouse, Powhatan, Powhatan County, Virginia, on 26 December, 1861.

Note: Colonel P St G Cocke, Provisional Army of Virginia, was assigned to command the troops from the counties of Rappahannock, Culpeper, Madison, Green, Orange, Albemarle, Nelson, Amherst, Campbell, Bedford, Roanoke, Botetourt, and Craig by Special Orders No.39, Paragraph III, Headquarters of the Division, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 10 May, 1861.

The Loudoun Artillery was assigned to the Second Brigade, Second Division, Potomac District, Department of Northern Virginia, under the command of Brigadier General R S Ewell, Confederate States Army, by General Orders No.15, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 22 October, 1861.

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.108: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp554-555
Captain A L Rogers, Loudoun Artillery

OFFICIAL REPORT: Series I, Volume 51, Part I (Serial No.107), pp24-32
Colonel P St. G Cocke, Confederate States Army, Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, dated Camp Suspension Bridge, in the vicinity of the Suspension Bridge, on Cub Run, one mile west of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 1 August, 1861