The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Army of the Potomac

Private W W Wilburn

Private W W Wilburn, Campbell Rangers, 30th Virginia Cavalry

Thirtieth Virginia Cavalry

Stationed on the Bull Run River on 21 July, 1861, and redesignated the Second Virginia Cavalry after the first battle of Manassas

COLONEL R C W RADFORD
LIEUTENANT COLONEL T T MUNFORD
MAJOR J S LANGHORNE
Captain J S Langhorne was appointed major, 30th Virginia Cavalry, on 21 August, 1861.

Company A Clay Dragoons: CAPT. W R TERRY
The company was accepted in state service at Liberty, Caroline County, Virginia, on 11 May, 1861, and mustered in state service at Camp Lee, the Fairgrounds, near Lynchburg, Virginia, by Colonel J A Early, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 13 May, 1861.
Assignment: Terry's Squadron Cavalry, Seventh (Demi) Brigade, Army of the Potomac, Captain W R Terry commanding (See Terry's Squadron Cavalry).
Company B Wise Troop: CAPT. J S LANGHORNE
The company was accepted in state service at Lynchburg, Virginia, on 13 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service at Camp Lee, the Fairgrounds, near Lynchburg, Virginia, by Colonel J A Early, Provisional Army of Virginia, the same day. Captain J S Langhorne was appointed major, 30th Virginia Cavalry, on 21 August, 1861, and First Lieutenant C M Blackford was appointed captain on 27 August, 1861.
Assignment: Hale's Squadron Cavalry, Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, Captain G W B Hale commanding (See Hale's Squadron Cavalry).
Company C Botetourt Dragoons: CAPT. A L PITZER
The company was accepted in state service at Fincastle, Botetourt County, Virginia, on 17 May, 1861, and was ordered to Camp Lee, the Fairgrounds, near Lynchburg, Virginia, on 17 May, 1861. The company arrived at Camp Lee, the Fairgrounds, near Lynchburg, Virginia, on 18 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service by Colonel J A Early, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 23 May, 1861. Captain A L Pitzer suffered an accidental gunshot wound on 23 June, 1861, and First Lieutenant C Breckenridge was assigned to command the company at the first battle of Manassas.
Assignment: Radford's Squadron Cavalry, First Brigade, Army of the Potomac, Colonel R C W Radford commanding (See Radford's Squadron Cavalry).
Company D Franklin Rangers: CAPT. G W B HALE
The company was accepted in state service at Franklin, Virginia, on 20 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service at Camp Lee, the Fairgrounds, near Lynchburg, Virginia, by Colonel J A Early, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 22 May, 1861.
Assignment: Hale's Squadron Cavalry, Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, Capatin G W B Hale commanding (See Hale's Squadron Cavalry).
Company E Amherst Mounted Rangers: CAPT. E WHITEHEAD
The company was accepted in state service at Amherst Courthouse, Amherst County, Virginia, on 12 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service at Camp Lee, the Fairgrounds, near Lynchburg, Virginia, by Colonel J A Early, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 29 May, 1861.
Assignment: Fourth Brigade, Army of the Potomac (See the Fourth Brigade, Army of the Potomac).
Company F Bedford Southside Dragoons: CAPT. J WILSON
The company was accepted in state service at Davis Mills, Bedford County, Virginia, on 28 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service at Camp Lee, the Fairgrounds, near Lynchburg, Virginia, by Colonel J A Early, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 31 May, 1861.
Assignment: Jenifer's Battalion Cavalry, Second Brigade, Army of the Potomac, Lieutenant Colonel W H Jenifer commanding (See Jenifer's Battalion Cavalry).
Company G Radford Rangers: CAPT. E W RADFORD
The company was accepted in state service at Forest Depot, Bedford County, Virginia, on 28 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service at Camp Lee, the Fairgrounds, near Lynchburg, Virginia, by Colonel J A Early, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 29 May, 1861.
Assignment: Radford's Squadron Cavalry, First Brigade, Army of the Potomac, Colonel R C W Radford commanding (See Radford's Squadron Cavalry).
Company H Appomattox Rangers: CAPT. J W FLOOD
The company was accepted in state service at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, on 24 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service at Camp Lee, the Fairgrounds, near Lynchburg, Virginia, by Colonel J A Early, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 3 June, 1861.
Assignment: Third Brigade, Army of the Potomac (See the Third Brigade, Army of the Potomac).
Company I Campbell Rangers: CAPT. J D ALEXANDER
The company was accepted in state service at Campbell County, Virginia, on 8 June, 1861, and was mustered in state service at Camp Lee, the Fairgrounds, near Lynchburg, Virginia, by Colonel J A Early, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 9 June, 1861.
Assignment: Terry's Squadron Cavalry, Seventh (Demi) Brigade, Army of the Potomac, Captain W R Terry commanding (See Terry's Squadron Cavalry).
Company K Albemarle Light Horse: CAPT. E DAVIS
The company was accepted in state service at Charlottesville, Albemarle County, Virginia, in May, 1861, and was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 10 May, 1861. The company was mustered in state service at Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 11 May, 1861.
Assignment: Scott's Squadron Cavalry, Sixth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, Major J Scott commanding (See Scott's Squadron Cavalry).
Band: Band Leader G R Lyman
The band was organised with nine musicians at Manassas Junction, Virginia, in July 1861.

Sources

"Before that the separate companies had been parcelled out to different infantry brigades for orderly and escort duty and on the eve of the fight the two regiments were so depleted by detachments for similar purposes that neither one had more than 150 men left for action."

Bull Run remembers, by Joseph M Hanson

"A later report stated that only about 500 men of the regiment were engaged in the battle. There were 34 officers and 642 men present in the ten companies."

The Virginia Regimental Histories Series: Second Virginia Cavalry, First Edition, No.990 of 1000, by R J Driver, Jr. & H E Howard

"In support of the 5th Brigade were five companies of cavalry, the battery of Capt. H Gray Latham, and Capt. A L Rogers' Loudoun Artillery, in positions selected by David B. Harris, now assigned to Beauregard's staff, while retaining his commission in the Virginia Corps of Engineers."

"Hunton's regiment was quickly ordered back to Leesburg, however, along with the three companies of cavalry that had accompanied it to Manassas. Departing on July 24, they took two full days to reach Camp Berkeley at Ball's Mill in southern Loudoun County."

Confederate engineer: Training and campaigning with John Morris Wampler, by George G Kundahl

"While there, I organised and armed three regiments to-wit: The 28th Virginia Regiment (Colonel R T Preston) and the 30th Virgnia Regiment (Colonel R C W Radford), as cavalry. This latter regiment was subsequently designated the 2nd Virginia Cavalry."

"The cavalry, consisting of Colonel R C W Radford's regiment of nine companies and several unattached companies, was employed mainly on scouting and picketing with Evans, Bonham, and Ewell, one company being right to watch the lower fords of the Occoquon, and the landings on the Potomac below the mouth of the Occoquon, where it subsequently joined by another."

"It was my duty to watch the right of our line, and the two companies of cavalry on that flank, Eugene Davis' and W W Thornton's companies of Virginia cavalry, were placed under my command, and Captain John Scott was assigned to the immediate command of them."

"Our cavalry consisted of one organised regiment of nine companies, and a number of unattached companies."

Lieutenant General Jubal Anderson Early C.S.A., Autobiographical Sketch and Narratve of the War Between the States, with notes by Jubal Anderson Early

Reminiscences of a Confederate soldier of Co. C, 2nd Va. Cavalry, by R H Peck

A guide to Virginia military organisations 1861-1865, Revised Second Edition by I A Wallace, Jr.

Notes

Colonel RC W Radford was ordered to Camp Davis, the Fairgrounds, near Lynchburg, Virginia, on 9 May, 1861, and was assigned to command the 30th Virginia Cavalry shortly afterwards. The 30th Virginia Cavalry, Companies A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, and I, were mustered in state service at Camp Davis, the Fairgrounds, near Lynchburg, Virginia, by Colonel J A Early, Provisional Army of Virginia, between 13 May and 9 June, 1861, and Company K at Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 11 May, 1861.

Lynchburg to Manassas Junction, Virginia, Companies A and B, 3-10 June, 1861: The 30th Virginia Cavalry, Companies A and B, were ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, under the command of Captain W R Terry, on 3 June, 1861, and arrived on 10 June, 1861.

Lynchburg to Milford Mills, on Broad Run, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, May-June 1861: The 30th Virginia Cavalry, Companies C and D, arrived at Miford Mills, on Broad Run, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 22 May, 1861, and Companies E, F, G, H, and I, arrived in June 1861.

Note: The 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company K, was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, independently on 10 May, 1861, and arrived in the evening on 11 May, 1861.

General Orders No.25, Headquarters Provisional Army of Virginia, 8 June, 1861: General Orders No.25, Headquarters Provisional Army of Virginia, 8 June, 1861, assigned the 24th Virginia Infantry to the Confederate States Army on 1 July, 1861.

Manassas Junction, to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, Companies A and B, June 1861: The 30th Virginia Cavalry, Companies A and B, were ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, between 11 and 15 June, 1861.

Payne's Store, near Occoquan, Prince William County, Virginia, Company K, 15 June, 1861: The 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company K, was ordered to Payne's Store, near Occoquan, Prince William County, Virginia, on 15 June, 1861, and arrived via Bacon Race Church, near Maple Valley, and Bethel Church, Prince William County, Virginia, the same day.

Skirmish at Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, 17 June, 1861: The 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company A, and a detachment of twenty-five men of Company B were ordered to Frying Pan Church, on the Old Ox Road, Fairfax County, Virginia, under the command of Captain W R Terry, at 8 AM on 16 June, 1861, and was accompanied by a section of the Alexandria Artillery. Company A and a detachment of Company B arrived at Frying Pan Church, on the Old Ox Road, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning the same day and was ordered on a reconnaissance to the Potomac River, under the command of Colonel M Gregg, on 16 June, 1861. The 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company A, and a detachment of Company B were accompanied by a section of the Alexandria Artillery, the 1st South Carolina Infantry, a detachment of the Hanover Light Dragoons, and the Chesterfield Light Dragoons, Company B, and arrived at Dranesville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the evening the same day. Company A and a detachment of Company B were ordered on a reconnaissance to Great Falls, Virginia, under the command of Colonel M Gregg, to inspect the crossings on the Potomac River in the morning on 17 June, 1861, and were ordered to return to Dranesville, Fairfax County, Virginia, the same day. The 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company A, and a detachment of Company B were ordered to Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861, and arrived via Hunter's Mills, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 4 PM the same day. Company A and a detachment of Company B destroyed the station and water tower at Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861, and were ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 6 PM the same day. The order was countermanded and the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company A, and a detachment of Company B were engaged in a skirmish on the Hampshire, Loudoun & Alexandria Railroad, near Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, between 6 and 8 PM on 17 June, 1861. Company A and a detachment of Company B were ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the evening the same day and arrived via Flint Hill and Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 18 June, 1861 (See the Vienna Expedition).

Milford Mills, on Broad Run, near Manassas Junction, to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, 25-30 June, 1861: The 30th Virginia Cavalry, Companies C and D, the Fairfax Cavalry, and the Black Horse Troop, were ordered to Camp Radford, near Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel T T Munford, on 25 June 1861, and arrived via Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, the same day. The 30th Virginia Cavalry, Companies E, F, G, H, and I, were ordered to Camp Radford, near Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, under the command of Colonel R C W Radford, at 6 AM on 30 June 1861, and arrived via Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 5 PM the same day.

Distribution, 30th Virginia Cavalry, 30 June, 1861: The 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company A, was stationed at Frying Pan Church, on the Old Ox Road, Fairfax County, Virginia; Company B at Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia; Companies C, D, E, F, G, H, and I, at Camp Radford, near Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia; and Company K at Payne's Store, near Occoquan, Prince William County, Virginia, on 30 June, 1861.

Distribution, 30th Virginia Cavalry, 17 July, 1861: The 30th Virginia Cavalry, Companies A and I, were stationed at Frying Pan Church, on the Old Ox Road, Fairfax County, Virginia; Company B near Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia; Company D at Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia; Companies C, E, G, and H at Camp Radford, near Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia; Company F at Farr's Crossroads, Fairfax County, Virginia; and Company K at Camp Scott, Davis' House, near Occoquan, Prince Wiliam County, Virginia, on 17 July, 1861.

Withdrawal to Mitchell's and Lewis' Fords, on the Bull Run River, 17-18 July, 1861: The 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company H, under the command of Captain W C Wickham, Hanover Light Dragoons, was ordered to withdraw to Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, via Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, under the command of Colonel J B Kershaw, 2nd South Carolina Infantry, at 8.30 AM on 17 July, 1861, and was accompanied by the 2nd South Carolina Infantry, the Hanover Light Dragoons, and the Alexandria Artillery. Company H arrived at Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the morning on 18 July, 1861. The 30th Virginia Cavalry, Companies C and G, were ordered to withdrew to Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, via Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel T T Munford, at 8.30 AM on 17 July, 1861, and were accompanied by the 7th South Carolina Infantry and the Richmond Howitzer Battalion Artillery, 1st Company. Companies C and G arrived at Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the morning on 18 July, 1861. The Chesterfield Light Dragoons, Company B, the Black Horse Troop, and the Fairfax Cavalry were ordered to withdraw to Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, via Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, under the command of Colonel R C W Radford, in the morning on 18 July, 1861, and were accompanied by the 3rd South Carolina Infantry and the 18th Virginia Infantry. Colonel R C W Radford arrived at Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the morning on 18 July, 1861, and was assigned to command the cavalry of the Army of the Potomac shortly afterwards. The 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company B, was ordered to withdraw to Lewis' Ford, on the Bull Run River, under the command of Colonel P St G Cocke, in the morning on 17 July, 1861, and arrived the same day.

Distribution, 30th Virginia Cavalry, 21 July, 1861: The 30th Virginia Cavalry, Companies A and I, were assigned to the Seventh (Demi) Brigade, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Captain W R Terry, Company A, near the Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River; Companies B and D to the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Captain G W B Hale, Company D, near the Lewis House, Portici, Virginia; Companies C and G to the First Brigade, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Colonel R C W Radford, in the rear between Island and Mitchell's Fords, on the Bull Run River; Company E to the Fourth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General J Longstreet, at Blackburn's Ford, on the Bull Run River; Company F to the Second Brigade, Army of the Potomac, under Lieutenant Colonel W H Jenifer, at Union Mills Ford, on the Bull Run River; Company H to the Third Brigade, Army of the Potomac, under Brigadier General D R Jones, at McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River; Company K to the Reserve Brigade, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Major J Scott, at Camp Wigfall, between Manassas Junction and Union Mills Ford, on the Bull Run River, on 21 July, 1861.

Reorganised near Liberty Mills, Orange County, Virginia, April 1862: The 2nd Virginia Cavalry was reorganised near Liberty Mills, Orange County, Virginia, in April 1862.

Disbanded at Lynchburg, Virginia, 11 April, 1865: The 2nd Virginia Cavalry was disbanded at Lynchburg, Virginia, on 11 April, 1865.

The 30th Virginia Cavalry, Companies A, B, C, D, G, and I, under the command of Colonel R C W Radford, were assigned to the First Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General M L Bonham, by Special Orders No.169, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, on 25 July, 1861, and were stationed at Camp Vienna, near Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 1 August, 1861.

The 30th Virginia Cavalry, Companies E, F, H, and K, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel T T Munford, were assigned to the Fourth Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General J Longstreet, by Special Orders No.169, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, on 25 July, 1861, and were stationed near Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 31 July, 1861.

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.92: Series I, Volume 2 (S# 2), Chapter IX, pp.532–533
Colonel R C W Radford, Thirtieth Virginia Cavalry

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.106: Series I, Volume 2 (S# 2), Chapter IX, pp.552-553
Captain J S Langhorne, Thirtieth Virginia Cavalry

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.112: Series I, Volume 2 (S# 2), Chapter IX, p.562
Captain W R Terry, Thirtieth Virginia Cavalry, Company A

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.114: Series I, Volume 2 (S# 2), Chapter IX, pp.564–565
Captain J D Alexander, Thirtieth Virginia Cavalry, Company I

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.124: Series I, Volume 2 (S# 2), Chapter IX, p.573
Captain E Whitehead, Company E

Orders of Battle

The above painting, 'The Fourth Alabama', is by Don Troiani, modern America's finest historial artist.