Sixth Brigade, Army of the Potomac
Colonel W Barksdale, commanding the 13th Mississippi Infantry
Thirteenth Mississippi Infantry
Mustered in Confederate service on 15 May, 1861, and arrived at Manassas Junction at 10 PM on 20 July, 1861
COLONEL W BARKSDALE
Congressman W Barksdale resigned in January 1861 and was appointed quartermaster general, Army of Mississippi, in March 1861. On 1 May, 1861, he was appointed colonel, Confederate States Army.
LIEUTENANT COLONEL M H WHITAKER
MAJOR I HARRISON
- Company A Alamucha Infantry: CAPT. P H BOZEMAN
The company was mustered in state service at Alamucha, Lauderale County, Mississippi, in March 1861.
- Company B Winston Guards: CAPT. J M BRADLEY
The company was mustered in state service at Louisville, Winston County, Mississippi, on 16 March, 1861, and was ordered to Corinth, Mississippi, on 13 May, 1861,. The company arrived Corinth, Mississippi, on 16 May, 1861.
- Company C Wayne Rifles: CAPT. W J ECKFORD
The company was mustered in Mississippi state service at Waynesboro, Wayne County, Mississippi, on 17 April, 1861.
- Company D Minute Men of Attala: CAPT. L D FLETCHER
The company was mustered in Mississippi state service at Kosciusko, Attala County, Mississippi, on 19 April, 1861.
- Company E Newton Rifles: CAPT. M CARLETON
The company was organised at Decatur, Newton County, Mississippi, on 1 March, 1861, and was mustered in state service on 9 March, 1861. The company was ordered to Newton, Newton County, Mississippi, and was ordered to proceed by railroad to Corinth, Mississippi, on 13 May, 1861
- Company F Kemper Legion or Rangers: CAPT. P M GULLY
The company was mustered in state service at DeKalb, Kemper County, Mississippi, on 13 April, 1861.
- Company G Lauderdale Zouaves: CAPT. K MCELROY
The company was organised in January 1861 and was mustered in state service at Lauderdale Springs, Mississippi, on 30 March, 1861. The company was ordered to Corinith, Mississippi, in May 1861, and was assigned to the 13th Mississippi Infantry on 14 May, 1861.
- Company H Pettus Guards: CAPT. S J RANDELL
The company was mustered in state service at Alamucha, Lauderale County, Mississippi, on 31 March, 1861.
- Company I Secessionists: CAPT. D R MCINTOSH
The company mustered in state serviceat Clarke County, Mississippi, in April 1861.
- Company K Spartan Band: CAPT. W MELLARD
The company was mustered in state service at Sparta and Houston, Chickasaw County, Mississippi, on 23 March, 1861.
"This company, the first in Newton county, was organised at Decatur, and called the Newton Rifles. The organisation was completed as early as the first of March, 1861, Montgomery Carleton being the captain; was mustered into service on the 9th March, same year, by Capt. Yerger."
"From there they were ordered into camp of instruction at Union City, Tenn., and there remained six weeks; from there to Jackson, Tenn., where they remianed but one day, and were ordered to Virginia, where they participated in the first Manassas battle, on 21st July, 1861."
History of Newton County, Mississippi, from 1834 to 1894, by A J Brown
"The messenger sent to General Longstreet returned and informed me that the General said there was a regiment in the pines to my left which had been ordered to report to him, and that I could take that regiment instead of the companies of my own, to save time and prevent the exposure of both to the fire of the enemy's artillery in passing to and from Blackburn's Ford. In this arrangement I readily concurred, and soon found, to my left in the pines, the 13th Mississippi Regiment under Colonel Barksdale, which had very recently arrived."
Lieutenant General Jubal Anderson Early C.S.A., autobiographical sketch and narrative of the War Between the States, with notes by Jubal Anderson Early
"Immediately on reaching Lynchburg they were ordered to Manassas, and reached the railroad junction during the night of July 20 and the morning of the 21st, the day of the battle. As soon as possible they were advanced to the field, with much marching and countermarching in the intense heat and stifling dust. The orders were to report to General Longstreet, but for convenience they were attached to Jubal A Early's brigade, which was stationed in the rear of Beauregard's line on Bull Run, near McLean's ford."
Military history of Mississippi, 1803–1898, taken from the official and statistical register of the State of Mississippi, 1908, by Dunbar Rowland
"The general commanding has directed to be sent to Fairfax Station some 6,000 wing badges, made in Richmond, which he wishes to be used by the infantry and cavalry of your brigade and that of General Ewell until otherwise directed. Your brigade will wear these badges the yellow side out, and General Ewell's the red side out. Each brigade commander will designate, at their option, the shoulder upon which the wing will be worn by his brigade. All pains and precautions must be taken to make the men of your command understand these badges and to regard them as the insignia of friends, who are not to be fired into under any pretense. It is the intention of the general that your artillery shall wear a different badge – perhaps a red flannel band around the cap or arm. This will be indicated in time and the flannel furnished. Colonel Cocke's brigade will wear a red flannel band badge around the cap or arm. This is communicated, so that it may be made known also to your several regiments, corps, and companies. The general trusts that after the recent catastrophe in one of our advanced brigades it will be unnecessary to impress on your men the need for coolness, an iron nerve, and all possible precautions against the slaughter of our own men."
Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Manassas Junction, 8 July, 1861: Acting Assistant Adjutant General, Colonel T Jordan
History of Newton County, Mississippi, from 1834–1894, by A J Brown
Lauderdale County, Missisissippi, a brief history, by Richelle Putnam
The 13th Mississippi Infantry was ordered to rendezvous at Corinth, Mississippi, between the 13 and 15 May, 1861, and was organised on 14 May, 1861. The regiment was mustered in Confederate service for twelve months on 15 May, 1861, and was ordered to Camp Barksdale, near Union City, Tennessee, for six weeks training and drilling at 9 AM on 25 May, 1861. The 13th Mississippi Infantry arrived at Jackson, Tennessee, at 8 PM the same day and proceeded to Camp Barksdale, near Union City, Tennessee, in the morning on 26 July, 1861. The regiment was temporarily assigned to Major General L Polk, Confederate States Army, and on 9 July, 1861, the Secretary of War L P Walker sent telegrams to Major General L Polk and Brigadier General C Clark requesting the 12th Mississippi Infantry and 13th Mississippi Infantry proceed immediately to Lynchburg, Virginia (See the 12th Mississippi Infantry). The 13th Mississippi Infantry proceeded to Jackson, Tennessee, in the evening on 11 July, 1861, and arrived at 9 AM on 12 July, 1861. The regiment was immediately ordered to Lynchburg, Virginia, on 12 July, 1861, and arrived at Corinth, Mississippi, in the evening the same day. The 13th Mississippi Infantry proceeded to Lynchburg, Virginia, on 14 July, 1861, and arrived via Liberty, Virginia, on 20 July, 1861. The regiment was immediately ordered to Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, by Major T G Rhett, chief of staff to General J E Johnston, and arrived at 10 PM on 20 July1861. The 13th Mississippi Infantry was ordered to report to Brigadier General J Longstreet in the morning on 21 July, 1861, and was assigned to the Sixth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Colonel J A Early, to replace the 24th Virginia Infantry which was assigned to the Fourth Brigade, Army of the Potomac (See the 24th Virginia Infantry). After the first battle of Manassas the regiment encamped near the Stone Bridge, Virginia, on 24 July, 1861, and was ordered to Centreville, Virginia, on 1 August, 1861. The 13th Mississippi Infantry was reorganised on 26 April, 1862.
Major T G Rhett, Confederate States Army, was assigned as chief of staff and assistant adjutant general, to General J E Johnston on 20 July, 1861, and was ordered to remain at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, to forward troops as they arrived and ammunition for the artillery on 21 July, 1861.
Brigadier General L Polk, Army of Mississippi, was appointed major general, Confederate States Army, on 25 June, 1861, and was assigned to command Department No.2, Mississippi River Valley, on 4 July, 1861, with headquarters at Memphis, Tennessee. Brigadier General G Clark, Army of Mississippi, commanded the post at Camp Clark, near Corinth, Mississippi.
On 25 July 1861, the Army of the Potomac was reorganised and the 13th Mississippi Infantry was assigned to the Seventh Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Colonel N G Evans.
Orders of Battle
The above painting, 'The Fourth Alabama', is by Don Troiani, modern America's finest historial artist.