The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Sixth Brigade, Army of the Potomac

Colonel J L Kemper, 7th Virginia Infantry

Colonel J L Kemper, 7th Virginia Infantry

Seventh Virginia Infantry

Seven companies arrived at Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, 18 June, 1861, and three companies between 21 and 27 June, 1861. Mustered in Confederate service for one year dated 1 July, 1861. Stationed at the rear of McLean's Farm, one mile southwest of McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861

COLONEL J L KEMPER
J L Kemper was appointed colonel, Provisional Army of Virginia, at Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, on 2 May, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL L B WILLIAMS, JR.
Captain L B Williams, Montpelier Guards, was appointed lieutenant colonel, infantry, Provisional Army of Virginia, at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 8 May, 1861, and was stationed at Camp Henry, C George's, northwest of Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, on 20 May, 1861 (See the 13th Virginia Infantry).

MAJOR W T PATTON

Company A Richardson Guards: CAPT. J WELCH
The company was accepted in state service at Madison Courthouse, Madison County, Virginia, on 25 April, 1861, and was ordered to Alexandria, Alexandria County, Virginia, the same day. The company arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Alexandria via Gordonsville, Orange County, and Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 25 April, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year at Camp Henry, C George's, northwest of Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel A S Taylor, infantry, Provisional army of Virginia, on 13 May, 1861. The company was assigned to the 7th Virginia Infantry, Company A, at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 4 June, 1861.
Company B Washington Greys: CAPT. T B MASSIE
The company was accepted in state service at Washington, Rappahannock County, Virginia, on 20 April, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year at Camp Henry, C George's, northwest of Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel A S Taylor, infantry, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 27 May, 1861. The company was stationed at Camp Henry, C George's, northwest of Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, between 15 and 27 June, 1861.
Company C Porter's Company: CAPT. J C PORTER
The company was accepted in state service at Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, on 30 April, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year at Camp Henry, C George's, northwest of Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel A S Taylor, infantry, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 8 May, 1861. The company was stationed at Camp Wigfall, J J Wilcoxen's farm, in the vicinity of the intersection of Union Mills and Hooe's Hill Roads, Prince William County, Virginia, on 30 June, 1861.
Company D Giles Volunteers or Mountain Boomers: CAPT. J H FRENCH
The company was organised at Pearisburg, Giles County, Virginia, on 25 April, 1861, and was accepted in state service at Giles Courthouse, Giles County, Virginia, on 13 May, 1861. The company was ordered to Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, on 23 May, 1861, and arrived at Dublin, Pulaski County, Virginia, in the evening the same day. The company was ordered to proceed by the Virginia & Tennessee Railroad to Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, at 11 PM on 23 May, 1861, and arrived in the morning on 24 May, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, in the evening on 31 May, 1861, and arrived at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, in the evening on 1 June, 1861. The company was assigned to the 24th Virginia Infantry, Company D (1st), at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 3 June, 1861, and was stationed east of the road to Davis' Ford, on the northeast bank of Cedar Run, three and a half miles southeast of Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 9 June 1861. The company was assigned to the 7th Virginia Infantry, Company D, at Camp Wigfall, J J Wilcoxen's farm, in the vicinity of the intersection of Union Mills and Hooe's Hill Roads, Prince William County, Virginia, by Special Orders No. 50, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861 (See the 24th Virginia Infantry).
Company E Hazelwood Volunteers: CAPT. J TAYLOR
The company was accepted in state service at Stevensburg, Culpeper County, Virginia, on 25 April, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year at Camp Henry, C George's, northwest of Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel A S Taylor, infantry, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 6 June, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 21 June, 1861, and was assigned to the 7th Virginia Infantry, Company E, at Camp Wigfall, J J Wilcoxen's farm, in the vicinity of the intersection of Union Mills and Hooe's Hill Roads, Prince William County, Virginia, the same day. Captain J Taylor, 7th Virginia Infantry, Company E, was assigned to command the troops at Orange Courthouse, Orange County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.233, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 15 August, 1861.
Company F Greene Guards or McMullan's Company: CAPT. F M MCMULLAN
The company accepted in state service at Stanardsville, Greene County, Virginia, on 27 April, 1861, and was mustered in state service at Camp Henry, C George's, northwest of Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel A S Taylor, infantry, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 11 May, 1861.
Company G Rappahannock Guard: CAPT. A T WALDeN
The company was accepted in state service at Woodville, Rappahannock County, Virginia, on 1 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year at Camp Henry, C George's, northwest of Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel A S Taylor, infantry, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 25 June, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 26 June, 1861, and was assigned to the 7th Virginia Infantry, Company G, at Camp Wigfall, J J Wilcoxen's farm, in the vicinity of the intersection of Union Mills and Hooe's Hill Roads, Prince William County, Virginia, the same day.
Company H Washington Volunteers, Company B: CAPT. R CLEARY
The company was accepted in state service at Phoenix Hall, on Prince Street, Alexandria, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 22 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, at 7 AM on 28 April, 1861 (See the Garrison at Alexandria). The company was accompanied by the Washington (National) Battalion Volunteers, Companies A and C, and Colonel P St G Cocke, Provisional Army of Virginia, and Lieutenant Colonel S Jones, assistant adjutant general, Provisional Army of Virginia, and arrived at Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, at 10 AM the same day. The company was mustered in state service for one year at Camp Henry, C George's, northwest of Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel A S Taylor, infantry, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 8 May, 1861, and was stationed at Camp Wigfall, J J Wilcoxen's farm, east of the intersection of Union Mills and Hooe's Hill Roads, Prince William County, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861. The men of the 1st Virginia Infantry, Company E, were assigned to the 7th Virginia Infantry, Company H, on 22 April, 1862, and the company was disbanded on 16 May, 1862 (See the 1st Virginia Infantry).
Company I Holcombe Guards: CAPT. J J WINN
The company was accepted in state service at White Hall, Albemarle County, Virginia, on 3 June, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year at Camp Jefferson, on the grounds of the University of Virginia, one mile west of Charlottesville, Albemarle County, Virginia, on 11 June, 1861. The company arrived at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 21 June, 1861, and was assigned to the 7th Virginia Infantry, Company I, at Camp Wigfall, J J Wilcoxen's farm, in the vicinity of the intersection of Union Mills and Hooe's Hill Roads, Prince William County, Virginia, on 26 June, 1861.
Company K Madison Greys: CAPT. W LOVELL
The company was accepted in state service at Madison Courthouse, Madison County, Virginia, on 23 April, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year at Camp Henry, C George's, northwest of Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel J B Strange, infantry, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 19 May, 1861.
Unlettered Company Sperryville Sharpshooters: CAPT. J C GIBSON
The company was accepted in state service at Sperryville, Rappahannock County, Virginia, on 18 June, 1861, and was ordered to Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, on 11 July, 1861. The company arrived at Camp Henry, C George's, northwest of Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, on 13 July, 1861, and was mustered in state or Confederate service for one year as part of the 7th Virginia Infantry by Lieutenant Colonel A S Taylor, infantry, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 18 July, 1861. The company arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, at 10 AM on 21 July, 1861, and was temporarily assigned to the 7th Virginia Infantry during the first battle of Manassas. The company was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, as part of the 7th Virginia Infantry, on 28 July, 1861, and was assigned to the 49th Virginia Infantry, Company D, at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 7 August, 1861 (See the 49th Virginia Infantry).

Sources

"The Richardson Guards, from Madison Court-House, Capt. Welch and Lieutenants Cave and Gordon, arrived in this city yesterday. They number 84 fine looking Virginia soldiers."

Richmond Daily Dispatch (Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia), 27 April, 1861 - From Alexandria

"Today, 16th instant, Company No.1, Greene Guards, left for their place of rendezvous, Culpeper Court-house, amidst many tears of weeping mothers and sisters, who nevertheless urged them on, and bade them rally around our standard of Southern rights, unfurl our Southern flag to the breezes of heaven, and in the name and strength of the God of righteousness and of battles confront the invading foe!."

Richmond Daily Dispatch (Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia), 24 May, 1861 - Interesting from Greene County, Stanardsville, Greene Co., Va., 18 May, 1861

"According to the return of the Commissioner of Revenue in the spring of 1860, there was enrolled less than 750 men capable of bearing arms; out of these in and ready for service we have seven companies, viz: Captain John S. Green's Cavalry, numbering about 90 men; two companies of infantry to barracks, one commanded by Capt. Thomas B. Massie, numbering 100 men, the other by Captain Wm. J. Williams, numbering 75 men; also another company in barracks at another point, commanded by Capt., Walden, numbering 80 men."

Richmond Enquirer, Semi-weekly edition (Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia), 25 June, 1861 - Rappahannock, 22 June, 1861

"The following are the officers of the Hazelwood Volunteers, another company of this county: Captain, John Taylor; 1st Lieutenant, Dr. J. Woodville Ashby; 2d Lieutenant, W. F. Stout; 3d Lieutenant, Thomas W. Harris; Orderly Sergeant, Thomas Ashby; Surgeon, Dr. J. S. Wharton. They are all fighting men, and hail from the town and neighborhood of Stevensburg."

Richmond Daily Dispatch (Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia), 7 June, 1861 - Mitchell's Station, Culpeper County, 3 June, 1861

"Capt. Cleary's company of light infantry, volunteers from the city of Washington, now attached to this command, was ordered to advance as skirmishers, and, dashing into the woods, scoured the country for miles without finding any trace of the enemy."

Richmond Daily Dispatch (Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia), 24 June, 1861 - Camp Wigfall, Prince William Co., 22 June, 1861

Books/ Manuscripts

Virginia Regimental Histories Series: Seventh Virginia Infantry, by D F Riggs

Supplement to the Official Records: Part II, Record of Events, Volume 71, Serial No.83: Record of events for the Seventh Virginia Infantry, April 1861-August 1864, edited by James B Hewett

Richardson Guard. Muster roll of this Madison County Company: Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume XIV, January-December 1886, pp361-363, Richmond Daily Dispatch (Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia), 11 June, 1896

The story of a Confederate boy in the Civil War, by David E Johnston of the 7th Virginia Infantry Regiment

The Virginia Regimental Histories Series: Forty-ninth Virginia Infantry, First Edition, No.547 of 1000, by L Reidenbaugh

Roster of Confederate soldiers, 1861 to 1865: A history of Orange County, Virginia, from its formation in 1734 to the end of reconstruction in 1870, by E. Waddey co. in Richmond, Virginia

Lieutenant General Jubal Anderson Early C.S.A.: Autobiographical sketch and narrative of the War Between the States, with notes by Jubal Anderson Early

A guide to Virginia military organisations 1861-1865, Revised Second Edition, by I A Wallace, Jr.

Notes

The 7th Virginia Infantry, Companies A, B, C, F, H, and K, were stationed at at Camp Henry, C George's, northwest of Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, on 20 May, 1861; Company D at Camp Davis, a quarter of a mile southwest of College Hill, Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, on 24 May, 1861; Company E at Camp Henry, C George's, northwest of Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, on 6 June, 1861; Company I at Charlottesville, Albemarle County, Virginia, on 11 June, 1861; and Company G at Camp Henry, C George's, northwest of Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, on 25 June, 1861.

Mustered for one year, Camp Henry, C George's, northwest of Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, Companies A, B, C, E, F, H, G, & K, 8, 11, 13, 19, & 27 May & 25 June, 1861: The 7th Virginia Infantry, Companies C and H, were mustered in state service for one year at Camp Henry, C George's, northwest of Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel A S Taylor, infantry, Provisional army of Virginia, on 8 May, 1861; Company F for one year on 11 May, 1861; Company A for one year on 13 May, 1861; Company K for one year by Lieutenant Colonel J B Strange, infantry, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 19 May, 1861; Company B for one year on 27 May, 1861; Company E for one year on 6 June, 1861; and Company G for one year by Lieutenant Colonel A S Taylor, infantry, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 25 June, 1861.

Mustered for one year, Camp Jefferson, one mile west of Charlottesville, Albemarle County, Virginia, Company I, 11 June, 1861: The 7th Virginia Infantry, Company I, was mustered in state service for one year at Camp Jefferson, on the grounds of the University of Virginia, one mile west of Charlottesville, Albemarle County, Virginia, on 11 June, 1861.

Madison Courthouse, Madison County, to Alexandria, Alexandria County, Virginia, Company A, 25 April, 1861: The Richardson Guards (84) arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Alexandria on 25 April, 1861 (See the Garrison at Alexandria).

Alexandria to Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, Company H, 28 April, 1861: The Washington Volunteers, Company B, was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, at 7 AM on 28 April, 1861, and was accompanied by the Washington (National) Battalion Volunteers, Companies A and C, and Colonel P St G Cocke, Provisional Army of Virginia, and Lieutenant Colonel S Jones, assistant adjutant general, Provisional Army of Virginia (See the Garrison at Alexandria). The company arrived at Camp Henry, C George's, northwest of Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, at 10 AM the same day.

Note: The Washington (National) Battalion Volunteers was stationed at Alexandria, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 27 April, 1861, and at Camp Henry, C George's, northwest of Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel L B Williams, 7th Virginia Infantry, on 20 May, 1861.

Disposition of troops, Headquarters, Potomac Department, Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, 8 May, 1861: 6th Virginia Battalion Volunteers (100), Company E, Captain S H Devaugh; 6th Virginia Battalion Volunteers (88), Company G, Captain A Herbert; 6th Virginia Battalion Volunteers (69), Company H, Captain M Mayre; Alexandria Home Guards (100), Captain J Latouche; Washington('s) Home Guards/ Fairfax Cavalry (53), Captain E B Powell; Border Guards/ Fairfax Cavalry, Captain M D Ball, at Alexandria, Virginia; Fairfax Rifles (51), Captain W H Dulany, at Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia; Washington Volunteers (113), Company A, Captain C K Sherman; Porter's Company (74), Captain J C Porter; Alexandria Artillery (86), Captain D Kemper, at Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia; Richardson Guards, Captain J Welsh, at Madison Courthouse, Madison County, Virginia; Emmett Guards, Captain J E Towsen, Jr.; Irish Volunteers/ Triplett's Heavy Artillery, Captain T Triplett, at Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia; Rappahannock Cavalry/ Old Guard (64), Captain J S Green, at Amissville, Rappahannock County, Virginia; Black Horse Troop, Captain W H Payne, at Warrenton, Fauquier County, Virginia; Powhatan Troop, Captain J F Lay, en route to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia

Return of troops stationed at Camp Henry, C George's, northwest of Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, Companies A, B, F, H, & K, 20 May, 1861: The Richardson Guards, the Washington Greys, Porter's Company, the Greene Guards or McMullan's Company, the Madison Greys, and the Washington Volunteers, Company B, were stationed at Camp Henry, C George's, northwest of Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, on 20 May, 1861.

Note: The Albemarle Rifles; Washington Volunteers, Company A; Piedmont Guards, Monticello Guards; Madison Cavalry/ Invincibles; Albemarle Light Horse; Powhatan Troop; and a section of the Alexandria Artillery were stationed at Camp Henry, C George's, northwest of Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, 20 May, 1861.

Organisation of Washington Battalion Infantry, Camp Henry, C George's, northwest of Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, Company F (1st), 20 May, 1861: Lieutenant Colonel L B Williams, Jr., infantry, Provisional Army of Virginia; Company A, Washington Volunteers, Captain C K Sherman; Company B, Washington Volunteers, Captain R Cleary (See the 19th Virginia Infantry)

Camp Henry, C George's, northwest of Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, 25 May, 1861: Three companies of the 7th Virginia Infantry arrived at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 25 May, 1861.

Note: The 19th Virginia Infantry, Companies A, B, and E, under the command of Colonel P St G Cocke, 19th Virginia Infantry, were ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, and at 4.30 AM on 25 May, 1861, and were accompanied by Lieutenant Colonel R S Ewell, cavalry, Provisional Army of Virginia; Lieutenant Colonel T Jordan, infantry, Provisional Army of Virginia, and Captain D B Harris, corps engineers, Provisional Army of Virginia. Companies A, B, and E, arrived at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, at 7.30 AM the same day (See the 19th Virginia Infantry).

Special Orders No.4, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, Company A, 4 June, 1861: The Richardson Guards was assigned to the the 7th Virginia Infantry, Company A, by Special Orders No.4, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 4 June, 1861.

Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, to Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, Companies A, C, F, H, & K, 4 June, 1861: The 7th Virginia Infantry, Companies A, C, F, H, and K, under the command of Colonel J L Kemper, were ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.4, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 4 June, 1861.

Note: The 1st Virginia Infantry, Companies B, D, G, and K, under the command of Major W Munford, arrived at Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 2 June, 1861, and were ordered to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.4, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 4 June, 1861 (See the 1st Virginia Infantry).

Special Orders No.9, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, Colonel J L Kemper, 6 June, 1861: Colonel J L Kemper, 7th Virginia Infantry, was temporarily assigned to special service and charged with the duty of procuring transportation for the 7th Virginia Infantry by Special Orders No.9, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 6 June, 1861.

Note: The 7th Virginia Infantry, Companies A, C, F, H, and K, were stationed at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861.

General Orders No.25, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, 8 June, 1861: The 7th Virginia Infantry was assigned to the Confederate States by General Orders No.25, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 8 June, 1861, and was accepted in Confederate service on 1 July, 1861.

Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, to J J Wilcoxen's farm, east of the intersection of Union Mills & Hooe's Hill Roads, Prince William County, Virginia, Companies A, C, F, H, & K, 17 June, 1861: The 7th Virginia Infantry, Companies A, C, F, H, and K, was ordered to W J J Wilcoxen's farm, east of the intersection of Union Mills and Hooe's Hill Roads, Prince William County, Virginia, by Special Orders No. 42, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861.

Note: One company of the 7th Virginia Infantry was assigned to guard duty at the bridge on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, half a mile northwest of Union Mills Ford, on the Bull Run River, and detachments of the 7th Virginia Infantry to picket duty on the Yate's and Union Mills Fords Roads, one and a half miles northeast of J J Wilcoxen's farm, in the vicinity of the intersection of Union Mills and Hooe's Hill Roads, Prince William County, Virginia, by Special Orders No. 42, Paragraphs I and IV, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861.

Camp Pryor, at the intersection of Davis' Ford Road & the Spring's & Bland's Fords Roads, three miles south of Manassas Junction, to Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, Company D, 18 June, 1861: The 24th Virginia Infantry, Company D (1st), was stationed at Camp Pryor, at the intersection of Davis' Ford Road and the Spring's and Bland's Fords Roads, three miles south of Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861, and was ordered to Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 18 June, 1861.

Note: The 24th Virginia Infantry, Company D (2nd), was stationed at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 18 June, 1861, and was ordered to Camp Pryor, at the intersection of Davis' Ford Road and the Spring's and Bland's Fords Roads, three miles south of Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 19 June, 1861 (See the 24th Virginia Infantry).

Camp Wigfall, J J Wilcoxen's farm, east of the intersection of Union Mills & Hooe's Hill Roads, Prince William County, Virginia, Company D, 20 June, 1861: The 24th Virginia Infantry, Company D (1st), was assigned to the 7th Virginia Infantry, Company D, at Camp Wigfall, J J Wilcoxen's farm, east of the intersection of Union Mills and Hooe's Hill Roads, Prince William County, Virginia, by Special Orders No. 50, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861.

Note: The 7th Virginia Infantry was assigned to the Sixth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Colonel J A Early, by General Orders No.20, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861.

Camp Wigfall, J J Wilcoxen's Farm, east of the intersection of Union Mills & Hooe's Hill Roads, Prince William County, Virginia, to Union Mills Ford, on the Bull Run River, detachment, 21 June, 1861: A working party of the 7th Virginia Infantry (25) were assigned to build an earthwork at the bridge on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, half a mile northwest of Union Mills Ford, on the Bull Run River, by Special Orders No. 53, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, at 7 AM on 21 June, 1861, dated 20 June, 1861.

Note: A company of the 7th Virginia Infantry was ordered to Union Mills, Fairfax County, Virginia, and the Albemarle Rifles to Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, by Special Orders No. 52, Paragraph III, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861.

Camp Henry, C George's, northwest of Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, Company E, 21 June, 1861: The Hazelwood Volunteers was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 21 June, 1861, and was assigned to the 7th Virginia Infantry, Company E, at Camp Wigfall, J J Wilcoxen's farm, east of the intersection of Union Mills and Hooe's Hill Roads, Prince William County, Virginia, the same day.

Note: The Montgomery Guards was assigned to the 7th Virginia Infantry by Special Orders No.54, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 21 June, 1861, and to the 19th Virginia Infantry, Company F (1st), by Special Orders No.59, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 22 June, 1861 (See the 19th Virginia Infantry).

Camp Henry, C George's, northwest of Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, Company G, 21 June, 1861: The Holcombe Guards arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 21 June, 1861.

Note: The Holcombe Guards was assigned to the 7th Virginia Infantry, Company I, at Camp Wigfall, J J Wilcoxen's farm, east of the intersection of Union Mills and Hooe's Hill Roads, Prince William County, Virginia, by Special Orders No. 68, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 26 June, 1861.

Camp Henry, C George's, northwest of Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, Company I, 27 June, 1861: The Rappahannock Guards arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 27 June, 1861.

Note: The Rappahanock Guards was assigned to the 7th Virginia Infantry, Company G, at Camp Wigfall, J J Wilcoxen's farm, in the vicinity of the intersection of Union Mills and Hooe's Hill Roads, Prince William County, Virginia, by Special Orders No. 68, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 26 June, 1861.

Special Orders No. 85, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, 4 July, 1861: Colonel J L Kemper, 7th Virginia Infantry, was assigned to detached duty with the Quartermasters Department, Army of the Potomac, at Fairfax County, Virginia, by Special Orders No. 85, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 4 July, 1861.

Reconnaissance to Occoquan, 8-13 July, 1861

The 7th Virginia Infantry, under the command of Colonel J A Early, 24th Virginia Infantry, was ordered on a reconnaissance to Occoquan, Prince William County, Virginia, on 8 July, 1861, and was accompanied by a detachment of the Wise Dragoons and one 6 pounder 3 inch rifle and one 12 pounder field howitzer of the Washington Battalion Artillery, 1st Company. The regiment was stationed at stationed at Occoquan, Prince William County, Virginia, between 8 and 13 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Wigfall, J J Wilcoxen's farm, in the vicinity of the intersection of Union Mills and Hooe's Hill Roads, Prince William County, Virginia, on 13 July, 1861.

Note: A detachment of the Wise Dragoons and one 6 pounder 3 inch rifle and one 12 pounder field howitzer of the Washington Battalion Artillery were ordered to Camp Pryor, at the intersection of Davis' Ford Road and the Spring's and Bland's Fords Roads, three miles south of Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, in the morning on 8 July, 1861.

Organisation of reconnaissance to Occoquan, Prince William County, Virginia, 8-13 July, 1861: Colonel J A Early, 24th Virginia Infantry; 7th Virginia Infantry, Lieutenant Colonel L B Williams, Jr.; detachment of Wise Dragoons, Captain J A Adams; one 6 pounder 3 inch rifle and one 12 pounder field howitzer, First Lieutenant C W Squires, Washington Battalion Artillery, 1st Company

Camp Wigfall, J J Wilcoxen's farm, east of the intersection of Union Mills & Hooe's Hill Roads, Prince William County, Virginia, to Union Mills Ford, on the Bull Run River, 17 July, 1861: The 7th Virginia Infantry, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel L B Williams, Jr., was ordered to Union Mills Ford, on the Bull Run River, under the command of Colonel J A Early, 24th Virginia Infantry, in the morning on 17 July, 1861, and was accompanied by six companies of the 24th Virginia Infantry.

Union Mills Ford to Camp Walker, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, one mile south of McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 18 July, 1861: The 7th Virginia Infantry arrived at Camp Walker, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, one mile south of McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the morning on 18 July, 1861.

Note: The 7th Virginia Infantry was stationed at the road between Camp Walker, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, one mile south of McLean's Ford, and McLean's farm, one mile southwest of McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, at 12 PM on 18 July, 1861.

Skirmish at Blackburn's Ford, 18 July, 1861

The 7th Virginia Infantry was ordered to Blackburn's Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the afternoon on 18 July, 1861, and was accompanied by the 7th Louisiana Infantry and two 6 pounder 3 inch rifles, under the command of Captain B F Eshleman, Washington Battalion Artillery, 4th Company, and First Lieutenant J B Richardson, Washington Battalion Artillery, 1st Company (See the Washington Battalion Artillery).

Note: Colonel J L Kemper, 7th Virginia Infantry, was assigned to Brigadier General M L Bonham, Confederate States Army, at Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, between 17 and 18 July, 1861.

Organisation of Sixth Brigade, Army of the Potomac during the skirmish at Blackburn's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 1861 July, 1861: Colonel J A Early, 24th Virginia Infantry; six companies of 24th Virginia Infantry, Lieutenant Colonel P Hairston, Jr.; 7th Virginia Infantry, Lieutenant Colonel L B Williams, Jr.; 7th Louisiana Infantry, Colonel H T Hays

Note: The 7th Virginia Infantry relieved the 1st Virginia Infantry and was stationed east of the road between McLean's farm, one mile southwest of McLean's Ford, and Blackburn's Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the afternoon on 18 July, 1861 (See the 1st Virginia Infantry).

List of killed, wounded, & missing of the 7th Virginia Infantry in the battle of Bull Run, fought 18 July, 1861, as called for by article 456 of the Army Regulations of C.S.A: Killed 1 wounded 6, total 7

Note: The 7th Virginia Infantry was stationed east of the road between McLean's farm, one mile southwest of McLean's Ford, and Blackburn's Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the evening on 18 July, 1861.

Note: Colonel J L Kemper, 7th Virginia Infantry, was assigned to command the 7th Louisiana Infantry, Companies C and D, at Mitchell's and McLean's Fords, on the Bull Run River, in the evening on 19 July, 1861 (See the 7th Louisiana Infantry).

Blackburn's Ford to road between Camp Walker, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, one mile south of McLean's Ford, & McLean's farm, one mile southwest of McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 20 July, 1861: The 7th Virginia Infantry was ordered to the road between Camp Walker, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, one mile south of McLean's Ford, and McLean's farm, one mile southwest of McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, on 20 July, 1861.

Note: Colonel J L Kemper, 7th Virginia Infantry, assumed command of the 7th Virginia Infantry at the road between Camp Walker, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, one mile south of McLean's Ford, and McLean's farm, one mile southwest of McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, on 20 July, 1861.

First battle of Manassas, 21 July, 1861

The 7th Virginia Infantry was stationed at the road between Camp Walker, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, one mile south of McLean's Ford, and McLean's farm, one mile southwest of McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the morning on 21 July, 1861.

Note: The Sperryville Sharpshooters was temporarily assigned to the 7th Virginia Infantry in the morning on 21 July, 1861 (See the 49th Virginia Infantry).

Advance to Bald Hill, on Chinn's Branch, northeast of Chinn's Spring, Prince William County, Virginia, 21 July, 1861: The 7th Virginia Infantry was ordered southwest of Bald Hill, on Chinn's Branch, northeast of Chinn's Spring, Prince William County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 21 July, 1861.

Chinn Ridge, half a mile southeast of Groveton, Prince William County, Virginia, 21 July, 1861: The 7th Virginia Infantry was stationed on Chinn Ridge, half a mile southeast of Groveton, Prince William County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 21 July, 1861.

Note: The 19th Virginia Infantry arrived at Chinn Ridge, half a mile southeast of Groveton, Prince William County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 21 July, 1861 (See the 19th Virginia Infantry).

General pursuit towards Poplar Ford, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861: The 7th Virginia Infantry was ordered on a general pursuit towards Poplar Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the afternoon on 21 July, 1861.

Note: The 7th Virginia Infantry was stationed half a mile north of W Carter's or Pittslyvania, one mile northwest of the Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, in the evening on 21 July, 1861.

List of killed, etc, 7th Virginia Infantry, at the first battle of Manassas, 21 July, 1861: Cadet E B Starke, Virginia Military Institute, w; Company A, k 1, w 1, t 2; Company B, w 3, t 3; Company C, w 3, t 3; Company D, k 1, w 8, t 9; Company E, k 1, w 1, t 2; Company F, k 1, w 4, t 5; Company G, w 2, t 2; Company H, k 3, w 7, t 10; Company I, w 5, t 5; Company K, k 1, w 3, t 4; Sperryville Sharpshooters, k 1, w 2, t 3; Killed 9, wounded 40, total 49

Return of casualties in the 7th Virginia Infantry, Sixth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, at the first battle of Manassas, 21 July, 1861: Killed 9, wounded 38, total 47

Note: 7th Virginia Infantry, Company D, killed 1, wounded 7, total 8

Note: The 7th Virginia Infantry was ordered half a mile north of W Carter's or Pittslyvania, and one mile northwest of the Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, by Special Orders No.146, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, dated 22 July, 1861.

Organisation of Fourth Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, 25 July, 1861: Brigadier General J Longstreet, Confederate States Army; 1st Virginia Infantry, Colonel P T Moore; 7th Virginia Infantry, 11th Virginia Infantry, Colonel S Garland, Jr.; 17th Virginia Infantry, Colonel M D Corse; Richmond Howitzer Battalion Artillery, 1st Company, Captain J C Shields; 30th Virginia Cavalry, Companies B, C, F, and I, Lieutenant Colonel T T Munford

Note: The 7th Virginia Infantry was assigned to the Fourth Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, by Special Orders No.169, Paragraph I, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 25 July, 1861, and Colonel J L Kemper, 7th Virginia Infantry, was temporarily assigned to special duty by Special Orders No.172, Paragraph I, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 26 July, 1861.

One mile northwest of the Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 28 July, 1861: The 7th Virginia Infantry arrived at the junction of the road between Centreville and Union Mills and the old Braddock Road, one and a half miles southwest of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 28 July, 1861.

Note: Special Orders No.146, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, dated 22 July, 1861, was revoked and the Fourth Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.155, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, dated 23 July, 1861.

Centreville to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, 10 August, 1861: The 7th Virginia Infantry was ordered to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.216, Paragraph III, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 10 August, 1861, dated 9 August, 1861, and was stationed at Camp Harrison, south of Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, between 10 August and 16 October, 1861.

Note: Captain J Taylor, 7th Virginia Infantry, Company E, was assigned to command of all troops stationed at and in the vicinity of Orange Courthouse, Orange County, Virginia, on 15 August, 1861, and the 7th Virginia Infantry was stationed at Munson's Hill, east of the Leesburg & Alexandria Turnpike, one and a quarter miles northwest of Bailey's Crossroad, Fairfax County, Virginia, between 28 and 30 August, 1861. The 7th Virginia Infantry, Companies B and D, under the command of Major W T Patton, were stationed at Bailey's Crossroad, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 30 August, 1861.

Camp Harrison, south of Fairfax Courthouse, to road between Centreville & Union Mills (Station), southwest of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 16 October, 1861: The 7th Virginia Infantry was ordered to the road between Centreville and Union Mills (Station), southwest of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 16 October, 1861.

Reorganised at Yorktown, York County, Virginia, 28 April, 1862: The 7th Virginia Infantry was reorganised at Yorktown, York County, Virginia, on 28 April, 1862.

Surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, 9 April, 1865: The 7th Virginia Infantry surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, on 9 April, 1865.

Colonel J A Early, 24th Virginia Infantry, Sixth Brigade, Army of the Potomac: J A Early was appointed colonel, Provisional Army of Virginia, at Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, on 2 May, 1861, and was stationed at Rocky Mountain, Franklin County, Virginia, on 5 May, 1861. Colonel J A Early, Provisional Army of Virginia, was ordered to Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, on 6 May, 1861, and was assigned to command the troops stationed at Camp Davis, a quarter of a mile southwest of College Hill, Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, on 16 May, 1861. He organised the 24th Virginia Infantry, the 28th Virginia Infantry, and the 30th Virginia Cavalry on 17 May, 1861, and was appointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, on 28 August, 1861, dated 21 July, 1861.

Note: The 24th Virginia Infantry, the 5th North Carolina State Troops and the 13th North Carolina Infantry, and the Prince William Cavalry were assigned to the Sixth Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General J A Early, on 25 July, 1861. The Fluvanna Artillery No.1, under the command of Captain W H Holman, was assigned to the Sixth Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, on 3 September, 1861.

The 7th Virginia Infantry was assigned to the Second Brigade, Second Division, Potomac District, Department of Northern Virginia, under the command of Brigadier General R S Ewell, Confederate States Army, by General Orders No.15, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 22 October, 1861.

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.109: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp555-558
Colonel J Early, Sixth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, dated 1 August, 1861