The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Fourth Brigade, First Division

Colonel R Cowdin, 1st Massachusetts Infantry

Colonel R Cowdin, 1st Massachusetts Infantry

First Massachusetts Infantry

Mustered in United States service for three years 23, 24, 25, and 27 May, 1861. Arrived at Washington, D. C., 17 June, 1861

COLONEL R COWDIN
Colonel R Cowdin, 1st Regiment Infantry, First Brigade, First Division, Massachusetts (Volunteer) Militia, was appointed colonel, 1st Massachusetts Infantry, on 1 May, 1861, dated 23 May, 1861, and brigadier general, United States Volunteers, on 1 October, 1862.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL G D WELLS
Captain G D Wells, 2nd Battalion Infantry, First Brigade, First Division, Massachusetts (Volunteer) Militia, Company D, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 1st Massachusetts Infantry, on 1 May, 1861, dated 23 May, 1861, and colonel, 34th Massachusetts Infantry, on 11 July, 1862.

MAJOR C P CHANDLER
Captain C P Chandler, 1st Massachusetts Infantry, Company A, was appointed major, 1st Massachusetts Infantry, on 23 May, 1861.

Company A 1st Massachusetts (Volunteer) Militia, Company A: CAPT. E A WILD(e)
The company was accepted in state service at Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, under the command of Captain C P Chandler, on 27 April, 1861, and Captain C P Chandler, 1st Massachusetts Infantry, Company A, was appointed major, 1st Massachusetts Infantry, and Captain W A Wild(e), was appointed captain, 1st Massachusetts Infantry, Company A, on 23 May, 1861.
Company B Union Guards, 1st Massachusetts (Volunteer) Militia, Company B: CAPT. E PEARL
The company was accepted in state service at East Boston District, Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, on 27 April, 1861, and twenty men, under the command of First Lieutenant G H Johnston and Sergeant G Forrest, 1st Massachusetts Infantry, Companies E and G, respectively, were assigned to Brethschneider's Battalion Light Infantry, under the command of Captain G R Brethschneider, 2nd Michigan Infantry, Company E, on 14 July, 1861 (See Brethschneider's Battalion Infantry). Captain E Pearl, 1st Massachusetts Infantry, Company B, was discharged on 3 August, 1861, and resigned on 18 August, 1861, and First Lieutenant G H Smith, 1st Massachusetts Infantry, Company B, was appointed captain, 1st Massachusetts Infantry, Company B, on 26 August 1861.
Company C (1st) Greenough Guards: CAPT. J H Barnes
The company was accepted in state service at East Boston District, Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, on 25 April, 1861, and was stationed at Pemberton Square, Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, in the afternoon on 3 May, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by the steamer Cambridge to Fort Monroe, Artillery School of Practice, Old Comfort Point, Elizabeth City County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 18 May, 1861, and was temporarily assigned to the 4th Massachusetts Infantry, Company K, at Fort Monroe, Artillery School of Practice, Old Comfort Point, Elizabeth City County, Virginia, between 18 May and 15 July, 1861, and to the 29th Massachusetts Infantry, Company K, on 13 December, 1861.
Company C (2nd) North End True Blues: CAPT. G WALKER
The company was accepted in state service at North End and East Boston Districts, Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, in the afternoon on 24 April, 1861, and was stationed at Pemberton Square, Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, in the afternoon on 3 May, 1861.
Company D Roxbury City Guards, 1st Massachusetts (Volunteer) Militia, Company D: CAPT. E W STONE Jr.
The company was accepted in state service at Roxbury District, Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, under the command of Captain J J Dyer, on 27 April, 1861, and First Lieutenant E W Stone, Jr., 1st Massachusetts Infantry, Company D, was appointed captain, 1st Massachusetts Infantry, Company D, on 29 April, 1861.
Company E Pulaski Guards, 1st Massachusetts (Volunteer) Militia, Company E: CAPT. C B BALDWIN
The company was accepted in state service at South Boston District, Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, on 27 April, 1861.
Company F National Guards, 1st Massachusetts (Volunteer) Militia, Company F: CAPT. A W ADAMS
The company was accepted in state service at Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, on 27 April, 1861, and Captain A W Adams, 1st Massachusetts Infantry, Company F, was discharged on 3 August, 1861, and resigned on 18 August, 1861.
Company G Independent Boston Fusiliers: CAPT. H A SNOW
The company was accepted in state service at Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, on 27 April, 1861, and twenty men, under the command of First Lieutenant G H Johnston, Company E, and Sergeant G Forrest, Company G, were assigned to Brethschneider's Battalion Light Infantry, under the command of Captain G R Brethschneider's, on 14 July, 1861 (See Brethschneider's Battalion Infantry). Captain H A Snow, 1st Massachusetts Infantry, Company G, was discharged on 3 August, 1861, and resigned on 18 August, 1861.
Company H Chelsea Volunteers or Light Infantry: CAPT. S CARRUTH
The company was accepted in state service at Chelsea, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, on 27 April, 1861, and was stationed at Pemberton Square, Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, in the afternoon on 3 May, 1861.
Company I Boston Volunteers or Schouler Guards: CAPT. C E RAND
The company was accepted in state service at Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, on 19 April, 1861, and arrived at Faneuil Hall, on Market Street, Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, on 21 May, 1861.
Company K Chadwick Light Infantry: CAPT. A G CHAMBERLAIN
The company was accepted in state service at Roxbury District, Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, on 19 April, 1861.
Band: Band LDR. J H Proctor

Sources

"The First Regiment of Infantry, under Col. Cowdin, appeared yesterday afternoon and marched through our principal streets. They were joined by the North End True Blues, East Boston Volunteers, Chelsea Volunteers, and Captain Rand's company, and numbered 766 men."

Boston Daily Advertiser (Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts), 4 May, 1861 - Parade of the First Infantry

"This regiment, one of the most complete, in every respect of any which has yet arrived here, reached the city about six o'clock last evening by the cars. The Massachusetts first numbers 1,046 men, exclusive of servants. The uniform is a grey jacket, grey overcoat, drab pantaloons, and grey fatigue caps, trimmed with red cord."

National Republican (Washington, D. C.) , 18 June, 1861 - More troops: The arrival of the First Massachusetts Regiment

Books/ Manuscripts

First Regiment of Infantry Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, Colonel Robert Cowdin, commanding, in service of the United States, in answer to the President's first call for troops to suppress the rebellion, 15 April, 1861, compiled from original papers in the Adjutant General and Auditor's offices of the Commonwealth

History of the First Regiment, Massachusetts Infantry, from the 25th of May, 1861, to the 25th of May, 1864, by Warren H Cudworth

Massachusetts Register, 1862, containing a record of the Government and Institutions of the State, together with a very complete account of the Massachusetts Volunteers, Serial No.94, by Adams, Sampson & Co.

The glories of war: Small battles and early heroes of 1861, by Charles P Poland, Jr.

The Union Army: A history of military affairs in the loyal states 1861-65, records of the regiments in the Union Army, cyclopedia of battles, memoirs of commanders and soldiers, Volume 1, Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Pennsylvania and Delaware

Notes

The 1st Massachusetts Infantry was accepted in state service for three years at Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, on 22 May, 1861, and was ordered to Washington, D. C., under the call for 42,034 volunteers to serve three years, unless sooner discharged, on 15 June, 1861, dated 3 May, 1861.

Note: The 1st Regiment Infantry, First Brigade, First Division, Massachusetts (Volunteer) Militia, was ordered to rendezvous at Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, by Special Order No.100, Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Headquarters, Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, on 27 April, 1861.

Orders No.14, Headquarters, First Regiment Infantry, First Brigade, First Division, Massachusetts (Volunteer) Militia, 27 April, 1861: The captains of the companies of the 1st Regiment Infantry, First Brigade, First Division, Massachusetts (Volunteer) Militia, were ordered to rendezvous at Hancock House, on 30 Beacon Street, on Beacon Hill, Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, by Orders No.14, Headquarters, First Regiment of Infantry, First Brigade, First Division, Massachusetts (Volunteer) Militia, at 9 AM on 28 April, 1861, dated 27 April, 1861.

Note: Special Orders No.100, Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Headquarters, Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, was revoked by Special Orders No.183, Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Headquarters, Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, on 7 May, 1861.

First Brigade, First Division, Massachusetts (Volunteer) Militia, 15 April, 1861: The 1st Massachusetts (Volunteer) Militia was assigned to the First Brigade, First Division, Massachusetts (Volunteer) Militia, on 15 April. 1861.

Organisation of 1st Massachusetts Infantry, 29 April, 1861: Colonel R Cowdin, Lieutenant Colonel I Burrell, Major T L D Perkins; Company A, 1st Massachusetts (Volunteer) Militia, Company A, Captain C P Chandler; Company B, Union Guards, 1st Massachusetts (Volunteer) Militia, Company B, Captain E Pearl; Company C, Greenough Guards, Captain J H Barnes; Company D, Roxbury City Guards, 1st Massachusetts (Volunteer) Militia, Company D, Captain J J Dyer; Company E, Pulaski Guards, 1st Massachusetts (Volunteer) Militia, Company E, Captain C B Baldwin; Company F, National Guards, 1st Massachusetts (Volunteer) Militia, Company F, Captain A W Adams; Company G, Independent Boston Fusiliers, Captain H A Snow; Company H, Chelsea Volunteers or Light Infantry, Captain S Carruth; Company I, Boston Volunteers, Captain C E Rand; Company K, Chadwick Light Infantry, Captain A G Chamberlain; Company L, North End True Blues, Captain G Walker

Note: The 1st Regiment Infantry, Companies A, B, D, E, and F, First Brigade, First Division, Massachusetts (Volunteer) Militia; the North End True Blues, Greenough Guards, and Chelsea Volunteers or Light Infantry were stationed at Pemberton Square, Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, in the afternoon on 3 May, 1861, and the 1st Regiment Infantry, Company F, First Brigade, First Division, Massachusetts (Volunteer) Militia,; the Chadwick Light Infantry and the Boston Volunteers or Schouler Guards at Washington Street, Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, at 1 PM on 16 May, 1861,

Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, to Fort Monroe, Artillery School of Practice, Old Comfort Point, Elizabeth City County, Virginia, Company C (1st), 18 May, 1861: The Greenough Guards was ordered to proceed by the steamer Cambridge to Fort Monroe, Artillery School of Practice, Old Comfort Point, Elizabeth City County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 18 May, 1861.

Steamer Cambridge: 3rd Massachusetts Infantry, Company C (79), Captain L Leach; Company D (78), Captain C Chipman; Company E (77), Captain S H Doten; 4th Massachusetts Infantry, Company A (45), Sergeant J M Drake; Company D (22), Sergeant E Cottle; Company F (12), Sergeant S W Bryant; Company H (22), Sergeant W H Jacobs; Company I (37), Sergeant L S Bent; Greenough Guards (75), Captain J T Barnes

Note: Major T L D Perkins, 1st Massachusetts Infantry, was sick at Washington, D. C., on 18 May, 1861.

Faneuil Hall, on Market Street, Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, Companies C (2nd), I, & K, 26 May, 1861: The North End True Blues, the Schouler Guards, and the Chadwick Light Infantry were stationed at Faneuil Hall, on Market Street, Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, under the command of Major T L D Perkins, on 26 May, 1861.

Mustered for three years, Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, 23, 24, 25, & 27 May, 1861: The 1st Massachusetts Infantry, Companies A, B, G, and H, were mustered in United States service for three years at Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, by First Lieutenant T J C Amory, 7th United States Infantry, Company D, on 23 May, 1861; Companies D, F, K, and I on 24 May, 1861; Company E on 25 May, 1861; and Company C (2nd) at 10 AM on 27 May, 1861.

Designation of 1st Massachusetts Infantry, 1 June, 1861: Company A, Captain E A Wild(e); Company B, Captain E Pearl; Company C, Captain G Walker; Company D, Captain E W Stone, Jr.; Company E, Captain C B Baldwin; Company F, Captain A W Adams; Company G, Captain H A Snow; Company H, Captain S Carruth; Company I, Captain C E Rand; Company K, Captain A G Chamberlain

Note: The 1st Massachusetts Infantry was organised at Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, by General Orders No.16, Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Headquarters, Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, 1 June, 1861.

Boston, Suffolk County, to the junction of the Watertown Branch, Fitchburg Railroad, & Concord Avenue, Fresh Pond, west of Cambridge, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, 1 June, 1861: The 1st Massachusetts Infantry arrived at Camp Ellsworth, Reed & Bartlett's Ice house, on the junction of the Watertown Branch, Fitchburg Railroad, and Concord Avenue, Fresh Pond, west of Cambridge, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, on 1 June, 1861.

Camp Ellsworth, Reed & Bartlett's Ice house, on the junction of the Watertown Branch, Fitchburg Railroad, & Concord Avenue, Fresh Pond, west of Cambridge, to Porter's Hotel, on North Avenue, North Cambridge, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, 13 June, 1861: The 1st Massachusetts Infantry was ordered to North Cambridge, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, at 4 PM on 13 June, 1861, and arrived at Camp Cameron, a quarter of a mile north of Porter's Hotel, on North Avenue, North Cambridge, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, at 5.15 PM the same day.

Note: The 11th Massachusetts Infantry was stationed at Camp Cameron, a quarter of a mile north of Porter's Hotel, on North Avenue, North Cambridge, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, between 17 and 29 June, 1861 (See the 11th Massachusetts Infantry).

Camp Cameron, a quarter of a mile north of Porter's Hotel, on North Avenue, North Cambridge, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, to Jersey City, Hudson County, New Jersey, 15-16 June, 1861: The 1st Massachusetts Infantry was ordered to the Boston & Providence Railroad Depot at 4.30 AM on 15 June, 1861, and proceeded by the Boston & Providence Railroad to Jersey City, Hudson County, New Jersey, in the morning the same day. The regiment arrived by the New Haven, New London & Stonington Railroad at Groton, on Thames River, New London County, Connecticut, at 3 AM on 16 June, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the steamer Commonwealth to Jersey City, Hudson County, New Jersey, the at 5 AM same day. The 1st Massachusetts Infantry arrived on the North or Hudson River at Jersey City, Hudson County, New Jersey, at 2 PM on 16 June, 1861.

Department of Washington, 17 June-8 July, 1861

The 1st Massachusetts Infantry was stationed at Jersey City, Hudson County, New Jersey, on 16 June, 1861.

Jersey City, Hudson County, New Jersey, to Washington, D. C., 16-17 June, 1861: The 1st Massachusetts Infantry was ordered to proceed by the New Jersey Railroad to Washington, D. C., at 7 PM on 16 June, 1861, and arrived by the Camden Branch, Camden & Amboy Railroad, at Camden, Camden County, in the morning the same day. The regiment arrived by ferry on the Delaware River at Walnut Street wharf, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, at 4 AM on 17 June, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Philadelphia, Wilmington & Baltimore Railroad to Baltimore City, Maryland, at 7 AM the same day. The 1st Massachusetts Infantry arrived at President Street Station, at the intersection of President Street and Canton Avenue, Baltimore City, Maryland, at 1 PM on 17 June, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad to Washington, D. C., at 3 PM the same day. The regiment arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, at Washington, D. C., via Annapolis Junction, Howard County, Maryland, at 6 PM on 17 June, 1861.

Note: The 1st Massachusetts Infantry arrived at Relay House, opposite Washington Junction, on the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, Howard County, Maryland, at 4 PM on 17 June, 1861.

W Woodward's building, on the corner of Eleventh Street & Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, D. C., 17 June, 1861: Eight companies of the 1st Massachusetts Infantry were stationed at W Woodward's building, on the corner of Eleventh Street and Pennsylvania Avenue, and two companies at Sixth Street, Washington, D. C., on 17 June, 1861.

W Woodward's building, on the corner of Eleventh Street & Pennsylvania Avenue, & Sixth Street, Washington, to Distributing Reservoir, one & a half miles north of Georgetown, D. C., 19 June, 1861: The 1st Massachusetts Infantry was ordered to the Distributing Reservoir, one and a half miles north of Georgetown, D. C., at 12 PM on 19 June, 1861, and was stationed at Camp Banks, east of the Distributing Reservoir, one and a half miles north of Georgetown, D. C., between 19 June and 16 July, 1861.

Special Orders No.167, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., 2 July, 1861: The 2nd Michigan Infantry, the 3rd Michigan Infantry, the 1st Massachusetts Infantry, and the 12th New York Infantry were assigned to Colonel I B Richardson, 2nd Michigan Infantry, by Special Orders No.167, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., on 2 July, 1861.

Camp Banks, east of the Distributing Reservoir & one & half a miles north of Georgetown, D. C, to Great Falls, on the Potomac River, Montgomery County, Maryland, Companies I & K, 8-15 July, 1861: The 1st Massachusetts Infantry, Companies I and K, under the command of Major C P Chandler, arrived at Camp Richardson, on the banks of the Chesapeake & Ohio Canal, in the vicinity of Great Falls, on the Potomac River, Montgomery County, Maryland, on 8 July, 1861, and were stationed at Camp Richardson, on the banks of the Chesapeake & Ohio Canal, in the vicinity of Great Falls, on the Potomac River, Montgomery County, Maryland, between 8 and 14 July, 1861. Companies I and K ordered east of the Distributing Reservoir, half a mile northwest of Georgetown, D. C., in the evening on 14 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Banks, east of the Distributing Reservoir, one and a half miles north of Georgetown, D. C., in the morning on 15 July, 1861.

Note: The 8th District of Columbia Battalion Militia was stationed at Great Falls, on the Potomac River, Montgomery County, Maryland, between 21 June and 10 July, 1861 (See the Rockville Expedition).

Disposition of Fourth Brigade, First Division, McDowell's Army, 15 July, 1861: Headquarters, Fourth Brigade, First Division, McDowell's Army, Colonel I B Richardson, 2nd Michigan Infantry; 1st Massachusetts Infantry, Colonel R Cowdin, Camp Banks, east of the Distributing Reservoir and half and a half miles north of Georgetown, D. C.; 2nd Michigan Infantry, Major A W Williams, Camp Winfield Scott, Drover's Rest Tavern, north of the Distributing Reservoir and one mile northwest of Georgetown, D. C.; 3rd Michigan Infantry, Colonel D McConnell, Camp Blair, three quarters of a mile southeast of the Receiving Reservoir and a quarter of a mile southeast of the Chain or Little Falls Bridge, on the Potomac River, two and a half miles northwest of Georgetown, D. C.; 12th New York Infantry, Colonel E L Walrath, a quarter of a mile south of the Receiving Reservoir and north of the Chain or Little Falls Bridge, on the Potomac River, two and a half miles northwest of Georgetown, D. C.; section of 1st United States Artillery, Light Company G, Second Lieutenant S N Benjamin, 2nd United States Artillery, Light Company I, in the vicinity of the Chain or Little Falls Bridge, on the Potomac River, two and a half miles northwest of Georgetown, D. C.

General Orders No.13, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, 8 July, 1861: The 1st Massachusetts Infantry was assigned to the Fourth Brigade, First Division, McDowell's Army, under the command of Colonel I B Richardson, 2nd Michigan Infantry, by General Orders No.13, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 8 July, 1861.

Note: A detachment of the 1st Massachusetts Infantry (40), Companies B and G, under the command of First Lieutenant G H Johnston, Company E, and Sergeant G Forrest, Company G, were assigned to Brethschneider's Battalion Light Infantry, under the command of Captain G R Brethschneider, 2nd Michigan Infantry, Company E, on 14 July, 1861 (See Brethschneider's Battalion Light Infantry).

Department of Northeastern Virginia, 8-25 July, 1861

The 1st Massachusetts Infantry was stationed at Camp Banks, east of the Distributing Reservoir, one and a half miles north of Georgetown, D. C., between 19 June and 16 July, 1861.

Advance to Centreville, 16-18 July, 1861

The 1st Massachusetts Infantry was ordered across the Chain or Little Falls Bridge, on the Potomac River, two and a half miles northwest of Georgetown, D. C., at 3 PM on 16 July, 1861, and arrived at Vienna, via Lewinsville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 9 PM the same day.

Vienna to road between Centreville & Fairfax Courthouse, three miles west of Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, 17 July, 1861: The 1st Massachusetts Infantry was ordered to Fairfax Courthose, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 7/8 AM on 17 July, 1861, and arrived one mile north of Fairfax Courthose, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 11 AM the same day. The regiment was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 17 July, 1861, and arrived at the road between Centreville and Fairfax Courthouse, three miles west of Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 5 PM the same day.

Note: The 1st Massachusetts Infantry arrived at Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 2 PM on 17 July, 1861.

Road between Centreville & Fairfax Courthouse, three miles west of Germantown, to one mile east of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 17 July, 1861: The 1st Massachusetts Infantry was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 7 AM on 18 July, 1861, and arrived one mile east of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 9 AM the same day.

One mile east of Centreville to road between Blackburn's Ford & Centreville, one mile north of Blackburn's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 18 July, 1861: The 1st Massachusetts Infantry was ordered to the road between Blackburn's Ford and Centreville, one mile north of Blackburn's Ford, on the Bull Run River, at 10/11 AM on 18 July, 1861.

Centreville to road between Blackburn's Ford & Centreville, one mile north of Blackburn's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 18 July, 1861: The 1st Massachusetts Infantry was ordered to the road between Blackburn's Ford and Centreville, one mile north of Blackburn's Ford, on the Bull Run River, at 10/11 AM on 18 July, 1861.

Reconnaissance one mile north of Blackburn's Ford, on the Bull Run River, Companies G & H, 18 July, 1861: The 1st Massachusetts Infantry, Companies G and H, under the command of Colonel I B Richardson, 2nd Michigan Infantry, was ordered on a reconnaissance one mile north of Blackburn's Ford, on the Bull Run River, at 9/10 AM on 18 July, 1861, and was accompanied by the 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies G and I, under the command of Captain A G Brackett, 2nd United States Cavalry, Company I, and Brigadier General Tyler, Connecticut (Militia) Volunteers (See the United States Battalion Cavalry).

Skirmish at Blackburn's Ford, 18 July, 1861

The 1st Massachusetts Infantry was engaged in a skirmish at Blackburn's Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the afternoon on 18 July, 1861.

Troops engaged in a skirmish at Blackburn's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 18 July, 1861: Brigadier General Tyler, Connecticut (Militia) Volunteers; Colonel I B Richardson, 2nd Michigan Infantry; Brethschneider's Battalion Light Infantry, Captain G R Brethschneider, 2nd Michigan Infantry, Company E; 2nd Michigan Infantry, Major A W Williams; 3rd Michigan Infantry, D McConnell; 12th New York Infantry, Colonel E L Walwrath; 1st Massachusetts Infantry, Colonel R Cowdin; 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies G & I, Captain A G Brackett, 2nd United States Cavalry, Company I; two 20 pounder Parrott rifles, 1st United States Artillery, Light Company G, First Lieutenant J R Edwards, Jr., 3rd United States Artillery, Company B; two 12 pounder field howitzers, 3rd United States Artillery, Light Company E, Captain R B Ayres, 5th United States Artillery, Light Company F

List of killed, etc, 1st Massachusetts Infantry, at Blackburn's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 18 July, 1861: Company D, w 2, t 2; Company G, k 6, w/m 1, 9 m, t 16; Company H, k 6, w 7, t 13; Company I, k 1, w 2, t 3; Company K, m 1, t 1; Killed 13, wounded 11, wounded/missing 1, missing 10, total 35

Return of casualties in the 1st Massachusetts Infantry, Fourth Brigade, First Division, McDowell's Army, at Blackburn's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 18 July, 1861: Killed 10, wounded 8, missing 14, total 32

Note: The 1st Massachusetts Infantry was ordered one mile east of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the evening on 18 July, 1861, and to the road between Blackburn's Ford and Centreville, one mile south of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 19 July, 1861.

General Orders No.22, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 20 July, 1861: The Fourth Brigade, First Division, McDowell's Army, under the command of Colonel I B Richardson, 2nd Michigan Infantry, was assigned to the Fifth Division, McDowell's Army, under the command of Colonel D S Miles, 2nd United States Infantry, by General Orders No.22, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 20 July, 1861.

First battle of Bull Run, 21 July, 1861

The 1st Massachusetts Infantry was stationed at the road between Blackburn's Ford and Centreville, one mile south of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 21 July, 1861.

Advance to Blackburn's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861: The 1st Massachusetts Infantry was ordered to Blackburn's Ford, on the Bull Run River, at 2.30 AM on 21 July, 1861.

West & east of road between Blackburn's Ford & Centreville, one mile north of Blackburn's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861: Seven companies of the 1st Massachusetts Infantry were stationed west of the road between Blackburn's Ford and Centreville, one mile north of Blackburn's Ford, on the Bull Run River; Companies I and K at A S Grigsby's farm, one and a half miles south of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia; and one company between the road between Blackburn's Ford and Centreville, one mile north of Blackburn's Ford, on the Bull Run River, and Grigsby's farm, one and a half miles south of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 21 July, 1861.

Note: The 2nd United States Artillery, Light Company G, was stationed at the road between Blackburn's Ford and Centreville, one mile north of Blackburn's Ford, on the Bull Run River, and the 3rd Michigan Infantry east of the road between Blackburn's Ford and Centreville, one mile north of Blackburn's Ford, on the Bull Run River, on 21 July, 1861.

Withdrawal to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 21 July, 1861: The 1st Massachusetts Infantry was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 5 PM on 21 July, 1861.

Note: The 1st Massachusetts Infantry was stationed east of the road between Centreville and Blackburn's Ford, one and a half miles south of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the evening on 21 July, 1861.

Retreat to Washington, 21-22 July, 1861

The 1st Massachusetts Infantry was ordered to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 2 AM on 22 July, 1861, and arrived at the Aqueduct Bridge, on the Potomac River, at Georgetown, D. C., at 12 PM the same day.

Note: The 1st Massachusetts Infantry was ordered across the Aqueduct Bridge, on the Potomac River, at Georgetown, D. C., at 2 PM on 22 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Banks, east of the Distributing Reservoir, half a mile northwest of Georgetown, D. C., in the afternoon on 22 July, 1861.

List of killed, etc, 1st Massachusetts Infantry, at the first battle of Bull Run, 21 July, 1861: Company I, k 1, t 1; Company K, w 1, t 1; Killed 1, wounded 1, total 2

Camp Banks, east of the Distributing Reservoir, half a mile northwest of Georgetown, D. C., to Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, 23 July, 1861: The 1st Massachusetts Infantry was ordered across the Aqueduct Bridge, on the Potomac River, at Georgetown, D. C., to Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, at 12 PM on 23 July, 1861.

Rendezvous at Union Hall building, on the corner of Sixth Street & Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, D. C., 24 July, 1861: The 2nd Maine Infantry, the 12th New York Infantry, the 2nd Michigan Infantry, the 3rd Michigan Infantry, the 1st Massachusetts Infantry, the 1st Connecticut Infantry, the 2nd Connecticut Infantry, and the 3rd Connecticut Infantry were ordered to rendezvous at Union Hall building, on the corner of Sixth Street and Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, D. C., at 12 PM on 24 July, 1861.

Arlington Heights to Fort Albany, on Prospect Hill, 200 yards south of the tollgate on the Columbia Turnpike, Alexandria County, Virginia, 25 July, 1861: The 1st Massachusetts Infantry was ordered to Fort Albany, on Prospect Hill, 200 yards south of the tollgate on the Columbia Turnpike, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 25 July, 1861, and was stationed at Fort Albany, on Prospect Hill, 200 yards south of the tollgate on the Columbia Turnpike, Alexandria County, Virginia, between 25 July and 13 August, 1861.

Note: The 1st Massachusetts Infantry, the 1st United States Artillery, Light Company G, and the 5th United States Artillery, Light Company D, under the command of Captain C Griffin, 5th United States Artillery, Light Company D, were stationed at Fort Albany, on Prospect Hill, 200 yards south of the tollgate on the Columbia Turnpike, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 29 July, 1861.

Fort Albany, on Prospect Hill, 200 yards south of the tollgate on the Columbia Turnpike, Alexandria County, Virginia, to Bladensburg, Prince George's County, Maryland, 13 August, 1861: The 1st Massachusetts Infantry was ordered across the Potomac River at the Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., to Bladensburg, Prince George's County, Maryland, at 8 AM on 13 August, 1861.

Mustered out, Boston Common, Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, 25 May, 1864: A detachment of forty-five men of the 1st Massachusetts Infantry not entitled to be mustered out were assigned to the 11th Massachusetts Infantry on 21 May, 1864, and the 1st Massachusetts Infantry, under the command of Colonel N B McLaughlin, was mustered out at Boston Common, Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, in the afternoon on 25 May, 1864 (See the 11th Massachusetts Infantry).

Colonel I B Richardson, 2nd Michigan Infantry, Fourth Brigade, First division, Army of the Northeastern Virginia: Colonel I B Richardson, 2nd Michigan Infantry, was appointed brigadier general, United States Volunteers, by General Orders No.62, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 20 August, 1861, dated 17 May, 1861 (See the 2nd Michigan Infantry).

Organisation of Brigadier General J Hooker's brigade, Division of the Potomac, 4 August, 1861: Brigadier General J Hooker, United States Volunteers; 1st Massachusetts Infantry; 11th Massachusetts Infantry; 2nd New Hampshire Infantry; 26th Pennsylvania Infantry

Note: The 1st Massachusetts Infantry was assigned to Brigadier General J Hooker's brigade, Division of the Potomac, by Special Orders No.10, Headquarters, Division of the Potomac, Washington, D. C., on 4 August, 1861.

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.28: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp373-377
Colonel I B Richardson, Second Michigan Infantry, Fourth Brigade, First Division, McDowell's Army, dated near Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, 25 July, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.16: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp348-352
Brigadier General D Tyler, (Militia) Connecticut Volunteers, First Division, McDowell's Army, dated Washington, D. C., 27 July, 1861