Fourth Brigade, First Division
The 2nd Mihigan Infantry at the first battle of Bull Run
Second Michigan Infantry
Mustered in United States service for three years on 25 May, 1861, and arrived at Washington, D. C., on 10 June, 1861
COLONEL I B RICHARDSON
Colonel I B Richardson was assigned to command the Fourth Brigade, First Division, Army of Northestern Virginia, in July 1861.
LIEUTENANT COLONEL H L CHIPMAN
Lieutenant Colonel H L Chipman was appointed captain, 11th United States Infantry, prior to the first battle of Bull Run.
MAJOR A W WILLIAMS
Major A W Williams was assigned to command the 2nd Michigan Infantry prior to the first battle of Bull Run.
- Company A Scott Guard: CAPT. L DILLMAN
- Company B Hudson Artillery: CAPT. R A BEACH
- Company C Battle Creek Artillery: CAPT. C BYINGTON
- Company D Adrian Guard: CAPT. W HUMPHREY
- Company E Niles Company: CAPT. G R BRETHSCHNEIDER
Captain G R Brethschneider was assigned to command Brethschneider's Light Battalion Infantry on 14 July, 1861, and First Lieutenant B Bromnell was assigned to command the company at the first battle of Bull Run (See Brethschneider's Light Battalion Infantry)
- Company F Flint Union Greys: CAPT. W R MORSE
- Company G Constantine Union Guard: CAPT. J A LAWSON
- Company H East Saginaw Guard: CAPT. W L WHIPPLE
- Company I Kalamazoo Light Guard No.1: CAPT. D MAY
- Company K Kalamazoo Blair Guard No. 2: CAPT. C S MAY
"The second regiment of Michigan volunteers, commanded by Colonel Richardson, and numbering 1,010 me, arrived here at three o'clock yesterday morning, direct from Detroit, which place they left at six o'clock on Thursday evening. They are uniformed similar to the other regiment from that State - having dark blue jackets and pants, all made of the best material."
The National Republican, 11 June, 1861 - Arrival of the Second Michigan Regiment
"We visited the camp of the Second Michigan Regiment at Drover's Rest (near the Distributing Reservoir of the Washington Aqueduct) on Saturday afternoon, just in time to see the regular evening drill. The Third Michigan Regiment, numbering 1,642 stout men, marched through our city yesterday afternoon, accompanied by a long train of wagons with camp equipage, stores, and baggage. They passed up the new road to Drover's Rest, and thence up the line of the Washington Aqueduct, and encamped about half a mile beyond the camp of the Second Michigan Regiment - nearer the Receiving Reservoir."
The National Republican, 17 June, 1861 - Georgetown, 17 June, 1861
"There are now nearly 4,000 troops in the vicinity of the Chain Bridge comprising the First Massachusetts, and Second and Third Michigan regiments, and Col. Towers' command of District volunteers on this side of the bridge, and Major Hollingsworth's command of District volunteers on the Virginia side. The Third Michigan regiment is encamped near the defensive works at Camp Jim Davis, overlooking the bridge."
The Evening Star, 20 June, 1861 - Georgetown, 20 June, 1861
"We yesterday paid a flying visit to the Chain Bridge, where we found the second Michigan regiment encamped a short distance north of the bridge, while the third regiment from the same State, and the Washington Light Infantry, are encamped on the prominence commanding the stream. At the Maryland end of the bridge a breastwork has been thrown up, behind which are two large guns, placed so as to rake the bridge. Immediately above this is a stout battery, which will mount several large columbiads."
The National Republican, 24 June, 1861 - The military near the Chain Bridge
"By 8:30 a.m. the regiment was ready to depart. Dressed in grey uniforms (unlike the First and Second Michigan Regiments, which had been outfitted in blue), the men were formed by companies into marching order and left their quarters at cantonment Anderson, accompanied by a procession of carriages."
The glorious old third: A history of the Third Michigan Infantry 1855 to 1927, by Steve Soper
"With the exception of the Kalamazoo (No.2) and Niles, the regiment was made up of the uniformed militia companies, and all were recruited and organised at the places named."
"The regiment, although not actually enaged at Bull Run, had the honor, together with the Third Michigan, of covering the retreat from the disaterous field."
Michigan in the war, compiled by J Robertson, Adjutant General
Until Antietam: The life and letters of Major General Israel B. Richardson, U.S. Army, by Jack C Mason
Record of service of Michigan volunteers in the civil war, 1861–1865, Volume 2, by Aaron T Bliss
Recollections of the Bull Run campaign after twenty-seven years: A paper read before Michigan commandery of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States, 1st February, 1887, by companion Henry F Lyster, M D, Formerly Assistant Surgeon 2nd Regiment Michigan Infantry, and Surgeon 5th Michigan Infantry and Acting Medical Director 3rd Corps, Army of the Potomac
The Union army: a history of military affairs in the loyal states 1861–65, records of the regiments in the Union army, cyclopedia of battles, memoirs of commanders and soldiers, Volume 3, New Jersey, Indiana, Illinois and Michigan
The 2nd Michigan Infantry was ordered to rendezvous at Detroit, Wayne County, Michigan, on 25 April, 1861, and arrived by 27 April, 1861. The regiment was ordered to Fort Wayne, near Detorit, Wayne County, Michigan, on 25 May, 1861, and was mustered in United States service for three years the same day.
Note: H L Chipman was initially appointed colonel, 2nd Michigan Infantry, and I B Richardson, major, by Governor A Blair but on the apporoval of Colonel O B Wilcox, 1st Michigan Infantry, and as Major I B Richardson was a West Point Military Academy graduate, Governor A Blair appointed I B Richardson, colonel and H L Chipman, lieutenant colonel (See the 1st Michigan Infantry).
Detroit, Wayne County, Michigan, to Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, 6-9 June, 1861: The 2nd Michigan Infantry was ordered to proceed by steamer across Lake Erie to Washington, D. C., at 6 PM on 6 June, 1861, and arrived by the Pennsylvania Central Railroad at Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, via Cleveland, Cuyahoga County, Ohio, and Pittsburgh, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, on 9 June, 1861.
Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, to Washington, D. C., 9-10 June, 1861: The 2nd Michigan Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Northern Central Railroad at Baltimore, Maryland, and arrived by the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad at Washington, D. C., via Annaplois Junction, Maryland, at 3 AM on 10 June, 1861. The regiment encamped at the Inauguration Ball Room, City Hall, Washington, D. C., the same day and was ordered to proceed by Pennsylvania Avenue and the Potomac River to Camp Winfield Scott, Drover's Rest, Georgetown, D. C., near the Washington Aqueduct Distributing Reservoir, in the afternoon on 11 June, 1861.
Note: The Fourth Brigade, First Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia, under the command of Colonel I B Richardson, was organised by Special Order No.167 issued by Brigadier General J K Mansfield, at the War Department, Washington, D. C., on 2 July, 1861, and was assigned to the command of Brigadier General D Tyler on 8 July, 1861.
Advance to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 16-18 July, 1861: The 2nd Michigan Infantry was ordered to across the Potomac River by the Chain Bridge, above Georgetown, D. C., to Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 2 PM on 16 July, 1861, and arrived via Langley and Lewinsville, Fairfax County, Virginia, between 8 and 10 PM on 16 July, 1861. The regiment was ordered to Germantown, Fauquier County, Virginia, between Fairfax Courthouse and Centreville, Farifax County, Virginia, at 9 AM on 17 July, 1861, and arrived in the evening on 17 July, 1861. The 2nd Michigan Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Warrenton Pike to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 7 AM on 18 July, 1861, and arrived at 9 AM the same day.
Skirmish at Blackburn's Ford, Virginia, 18 July, 1861: The 2nd Michigan Infantry, under the command of Colonel I B Richardson, was ordered on a reconnaissance to Blackburn's and Mitchell's Fords, Virginia, by Brigadier General D Tyler the same day and was engaged in a skirmiash at Blackburn's Ford, Virginia, between 12 PM and 4 PM on 18 July, 1861. The regiment was stationed at Blackburn's Ford, Virginia, between 18 and 21 July, 1861.
Retreat to Washington, D. C., 21-22 July, 1861: After the first battle of Bull Run the 2nd Michigan Infantry was ordered to retreat to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 5 PM on 21 July, 1861, and was ordered to proceed to Washington, D. C., 2 AM the on 22 July, 1861. The regiment arrived arrived at Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, via Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 2 PM on 22 July, 1861.
Mustered out, Kalorama Park, Washington, D. C., 28 July, 1865: The 2nd Michigan Infantry was mustered out at Kalorama Park, Washington, D. C., on 28 July, 1865.
Colonel I B Richardson, Fourth Brigade, First division, Army of the Northeastern Virginia: Colonel I B Richardson declined an appointment to command the 2nd Vermont Infantry and was appointed brigadier general in August 1861, dated 17 May, 1861.
The Military District of the Potomac was established on 25 July, 1861 by consolidating the Military District of Washington and the Department of Northeastern Virginia and redesignated the Department of the Potomac on 15 August, 1861. The 2nd Michigan Infantry was assigned to Colonel I B Richardson's brigade, Army of the Potomac, on 4 August, 1861.
OFFICIAL REPORT NO.28: Series I, Volume 2 (S# 2), Chapter IX, pp. 373–377
Colonel I B Richardson, Second Michigan Infantry, commanding Fourth Brigade, First Division
Orders of Battle
The above painting, 'New York's Bravest', is by Don Troiani, modern America's finest historial artist.