First Brigade, First Division
Colonel A H Terry, commanding the 2nd Connecticut Infantry
Second Connecticut Infantry
Mustered in United States service for three months on 7 May, 1861, and arrived at Washington D. C. on 14 May, 1861
COLONEL A H TERRY
LIEUTENANT COLONEL D YOUNG
MAJOR L COLBURN
- Rifle Company A Buckingham Rifles: CAPT. F S CHESTER
First Lieutenant T Scott was commanding the company on 21 July, 1861.
- Rifle Company B: CAPT. H PEALE
- Rifle Company C New London Rifles: CAPT. E C CHAPMAN
- Rifle Company D Hartford Rifles: CAPT. J W GORE
- Rifle Company E: CAPT. S T COOKE
- Rifle Company F: CAPT. J E DURIVAGE
Captain A B Downs resigned on 1 July, 1861, and was replaced by Second Lieutenant J E Durivage.
- Infantry Company A Mansfield Guards: CAPT. D DICKINSON
- Infantry Company B Winsted Rifles: CAPT. A G KELLOG
First Lieutenant C W Morse was commanding the company on 21 July 1861, as Captain A G Kellog was captured on picket duty on 21 June, 1861.
- Infantry Company C New Haven Greys: CAPT. E W OSBORN
- Infantry Company D Birmingham National Guard: CAPT. G D RUSSELL
"Late in the afternoon it retreated in good order under orders, and halted for two days at Oak Hill, where it was engaged in striking the tents, loading and packing the arms, ammunition, equipage, miscellaneous stores and property of the standing camp at this point, thus preventing the capture of valuable property by the enemy, and with the other Connecticut troops it escorted these supplies across the Potomac."
The military and civil history of Connecticut during the war of 1861–65: Comprising a detailed account of the various regiments and batteries, through march, encampment, bivouac, and battle, also instances of distinguished personal gallantry, and biographical sketches of many heroic soldiers, together with a record of the patriotic action of citizens at home, and of the liberal support furnished by the state in its executive and legislative departments, by W A Croffut and John M Morris
Catalogue of Connecticut volunteer organizations, infantry, cavalry, and artillery, in the service of the United States, 1861–1865, with additional elistments, casualties, &c., &c., and brief summaries, showing the operations and service of the several regiments and batteries, by C M Ingersoll.
The Union army: A history of military affairs in the loyal states 1861–65, records of the regiments in the Union army, cyclopedia of battles, memoirs of commanders and soldiers, Volume 1, Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Pennsylvania and Delaware
The 2nd Connecticut Infantry was mustered in United States service for three months at Brewster's Park, New Haven, on 7 May, 1861, and proceeed to Washington D. C. on board the steamer Cahawba on 10 May, 1861. The regiment arrived at Washington D. C. on 14 May, 1861, and encamped near the 1st Connecticut Infantry at Glenwood, about two miles north of Washington D. C. (See the 1st Connecticut Infantry). The 2nd Connecticut Infantry was ordered across the Potomac River via the Long Bridge on 16 June, 1861, and arrived at Roach's Mills, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861. The regiment proceeded to Taylor's Tavern on Oak Hill, near Falls Church, Virginia, and joined the 1st Connecticut Infantry on 19 June, 1861. The 3rd Connecticut Infantry and the 2nd Maine Infantry arrived shortly afterwards and the First Brigade, First Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia, under the command of Colonel E D Keyes, was ordered to proceed to Vienna, Virginia, via the Georgetown Turnpike and the Leesburg Stone Roads, at 2 PM on 16 July, 1861. Colonel E D Keyes was ordered to proceed between Fairfax Courthouse and Centreville, Virginia, to Germantown, Virginia, on 17 July, 1861, and was ordered to proceed along the Warrenton Pike to Centreville, Virginia, at 7 AM on 18 July, 1861. The First Brigade, First Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia, arrived at Centreville, Virginia, at 9 AM on 18 July, 1861. After the first battle of Bull Run the 2nd Connecticut Infantry was ordered toretreat to Centreville, Virginia, at 4 PM and arrived to Falls Church, Virginia, at 6 AM on 22 July, 1861. The regiment arrived near Fort Corcoran, Arlington Heights, Virginia, at 5 PM on 23 July, 1861, and was ordered to Washington D. C. on 29 July, 1861. The First Brigade, First Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia, was disbanded and the 2nd Connecticut Infantry was mustered out at New Haven, on 7 August, 1861.
Lieutenant Colonel E D Keyes, United States Army and Military Secretary to Lieutenant General W Scott, was ordered to New York with Captain M C Meigs, United States Corps Engineers, and First Lieutenant D D Porter, United States Navy, on 3 April, 1861. Captain M C Meigs, First Lieutenant D D Porter, and the Secretary of State W H Seward organised a plan for the relief of Fort Pickens, Florida (See the Fort Pickens relief expedition). On 21 April, 1861, Lieutenant Colonel E D Keyes was ordered to return to Washington D. C. and, under the authority of Major General C W Sandford, New York militia, and Governor W Sprague, Rhode Island, assumed command of the 6th New York State Militia, the 12th New York State Militia, the 71st New York State Militia, and the 1st Rhode Island Detached Militia proceeded to Fort Monroe, Virginia, on board the steamers Baltic, R R Cuyler, and Coatzacoalcos (See the Defenses of Washington D. C.). Lieutenant Colonel E D Keyes was on board the steamer Baltic with the 12th New York State Militia and arrived at Fort Monroe, Virginia, at 4 PM on 22 April, 1861. After Lieutenant Colonel E D Keyes arrived at Annapolis, Maryland, he proceeded to Washington D. C. and on 2 May, 1861, was ordered to report for duty to Governor E D Morgan at Albany, New York, to organise the New York volunteers. Lieutenant Colonel E D Keyes was promoted to colonel of 11th United States Infantry on 14 May, 1861, and proceeded to Boston, Massachsetts, to recruit the 11th United States Infantry. Colonel E D Keyes assumed command of the First Brigade, First Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia, in July 1861, and after the first battle of Bull Run was promoted to brigadier general of volunteers in August 1861, dated 17 May, 1861.
After the battle of first Bull Run the brigade, being partly composed of regiments whose term of service had nearly expired, was disbanded and the 2nd Connecticut Infantry remained in Washington D. C. until the expiration of of its term of service, when it returned to New Haven and was mustered out.
Orders of Battle
The above painting, 'New York's Bravest', is by Don Troiani, modern America's finest historial artist.