First Brigade, First Division
Colonel G S Burnham, commanding the 1st Connecticut Infantry
First Connecticut Infantry
Mustered in United States service for three months on 23 April, 1861, and arrived at Washington D. C. on 13 May, 1861
COLONEL G S BURNHAM
Colonel D Tyler was promoted to brigadier general of volunteers on 10 May , 1861, and Lieutenant Colonel G S Burnham was promoted to colonel.
LIEUTENANT COLONEL J SPEIDEL
MAJOR T BYXBEE
- Rifle Company A Hartford Rifle Company: CAPT. J R HAWLEY
- Rifle Company B Bridgeport Rifles: CAPT. J HOLZER
- Infantry Company A Hartford Light Guard: CAPT. J S COMSTOCK
- Infantry Company B: CAPT. J H CHAPMAN
Captain I Wright resigned on 21 May, 1861, and was replaced by First Lieutenant J H Chapman.
- Infantry Company C Windsor Locks: CAPT. L N HILLMAN
- Infantry Company D Waterbury City Guard: CAPT. M COON
- Infantry Company E Wooster Guard: CAPT. E E WILDMAN
- Infantry Company F: CAPT. G W WILSON
- Infantry Company G: CAPT. W F HART
- Infantry Company H: CAPT. R FITZGIBBON
"The day of their arrival, May 13, they pitched their camp about two miles north of the capital, on the pleasant grounds of the wealthy banker Corcoran, called Glenwood."
"They occupied their old camping-grounds the day after the battle, and, being ordered to Fort Corcoran, made their appearance there with six prisoners (many more had escaped), two pieces of abandoned artillery, one caisson, the implements of the sappers and miners, twenty horses, all their own baggage and camp equipage, and the tents and equipage of two Ohio regiments, the 2d New-York, and a company of cavalry, with their baggage-wagons and property, which had been deserted."
The military and civil history of Connecticut during the war of 1861–65: Comprising a detailed account of the various regiments and batteries, through march, encampment, bivouac, and battle, also instances of distinguished personal gallantry, and biographical sketches of many heroic soldiers, together with a record of the patriotic action of citizens at home, and of the liberal support furnished by the state in its executive and legislative departments, by W A Croffut and John M Morris
Catalogue of Connecticut volunteer organizations, infantry, cavalry, and artillery, in the service of the United States, 1861–1865, with additional elistments, casualties, &c., &c., and brief summaries, showing the operations and service of the several regiments and batteries, by C M Ingersoll
The Union army: A history of military affairs in the loyal states 1861–65, records of the regiments in the Union army, cyclopedia of battles, memoirs of commanders and soldiers, Volume 1, Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Pennsylvania and Delaware
The 1st Connecticut Infantry was mustered in United States service for three months at New Haven, Connecticut, on 22 and 23 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed to Washington D. C. on 9 May, 1861. The regiment arrived at Washington D. C. via Chesapeake Bay and the Potomac River on board the steamer Bienville on 13 May, 1861. The 1st Connecticut Infantry encamped at Glenwood, near Washington D. C., and was ordered across the Potomac River via Long Bridge, Washington D. C., on 1 June, 1861. The regiment relieved the 12th New York State Militia at Roach's Mills, Virginia, on the Alexandria & Leesburg railroad (See the 12th New York State Militia). The 1st Connecticut Infantry with 400 men, under the command of Colonel G S Burnham and Brigadier General D Tyler, was ordered to reconnoiter near Vienna, Virginia, on the Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire railroad on 16 June, 1861. The regiment encamped at Taylor's Tavern on Oak Hill, near Falls Church, Virginia, on 18 June, 1861, and was joined by the 2nd Connecticut Infantry on 19 June, 1861. The 3rd Connecticut Infantry and the 2nd Maine Infantry arrived shortly afterwards and the First Brigade, First Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia, under the command of Colonel E D Keyes, was ordered to proceed to Vienna, Virginia, via the Georgetown Turnpike and the Leesburg Stone Roads, at 2 PM on 16 July, 1861. Colonel E D Keyes was ordered to proceed between Fairfax Courthouse and Centreville, Virginia, to Germantown, Virginia, at 5.30 AM on 17 July, 1861, and was ordered to proceed along the Warrenton Pike to Centreville, Virginia, at 7 AM on 18 July, 1861. The First Brigade, First Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia, arrived at Centreville, Virginia, at 9 AM on 18 July, 1861. The 1st Connecticut Infantry was ordered to proceed along the Warrenton Turnpike to the Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, between 2 and 2.30 AM on 21 July, 1861, and was assigned as a reserve on the road to Manassas Junction. After the first battle of Bull Run the 1st Connecticut Infantry was ordered to retreat to Centreville, Virginia, at 4 PM on 21 July, 1861, and arrived at Falls Church, Virginia, at 6 AM on 22 July, 1861. The regiment arrived near Fort Corcoran, Arlington Heights, Virginia, at 5 PM on 23 July, 1861, and was ordered to Washington D. C. on 29 July, 1861. The First Brigade, First Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia, was disbanded and the 1st Connecticut Infantry returned to New Haven, Connecticut, and was mustered out on 31 July, 1861.
Colonel D Tyler was appointed on 23 April, 1861, and was commissioned a brigadier general of Connecticut volunteers on 10 May, 1861.
Lieutenant Colonel E D Keyes, United States Army and Military Secretary to Lieutenant General W Scott, was ordered to New York with Captain M C Meigs, United States Corps Engineers, and First Lieutenant D D Porter, United States Navy, on 3 April, 1861. Captain M C Meigs, First Lieutenant D D Porter, and the Secretary of State W H Seward organised a plan for the relief of Fort Pickens, Florida (See the Fort Pickens relief expedition). On 21 April, 1861, Lieutenant Colonel E D Keyes was ordered to return to Washington D. C. and, under the authority of Major General C W Sandford, New York militia, and Governor W Sprague, Rhode Island, assumed command of the 6th New York State Militia, the 12th New York State Militia, the 71st New York State Militia, and the 1st Rhode Island Detached Militia proceeded to Fort Monroe, Virginia, on board the steamers Baltic, R R Cuyler, and Coatzacoalcos (See the Defenses of Washington D. C.). Lieutenant Colonel E D Keyes was on board the steamer Baltic with the 12th New York State Militia and arrived at Fort Monroe, Virginia, at 4 PM on 22 April, 1861. After Lieutenant Colonel E D Keyes arrived at Annapolis, Maryland, he proceeded to Washington D. C. and on 2 May, 1861, was ordered to report for duty to Governor E D Morgan at Albany, New York, to organise the New York volunteers. Lieutenant Colonel E D Keyes was promoted to colonel of 11th United States Infantry on 14 May, 1861, and proceeded to Boston, Massachsetts, to recruit the 11th United States Infantry. Colonel E D Keyes assumed command of the First Brigade, First Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia, in July 1861, and after the first battle of Bull Run was promoted to brigadier general of volunteers in August 1861, dated 17 May, 1861.
Colonel G S Burnham, First Connecticut Infantry
Orders of Battle
The above painting, 'New York's Bravest', is by Don Troiani, modern America's finest historial artist.